Sensory deprivation

Psychology needs, noted Leontiev, comes from distinguishing the needs of both internal conditions, as one of the essential prerequisites for the activities and needs as a factor that directs and regulates specific activity of the subject in the subject environment. "It is in the guide of its function - he wrote - the need and is the subject of psychological knowledge" 173. As in normal man is extremely rare encounters with the termination of irritants to the receptors, it is not aware of these effects and do not realize how important the conditions for the normal functioning of Read more [...]
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AE Berman Young Tourist. Overnight in the forest. Part 14

Us again twelve. We went down to the lake. The rain is coming. The ground under their feet wet. Stop at the edge of a large spruce. Spread a plastic wrap and put it in the chain of backpacks to everyone the bag was easy to find. And the rain, too, will lay plastic wrap. But first we'll get tents, axes, pots, buckets, pots, hooks campfire suspension products. Kohl outlined a campfire, campfire identified three in command of two chefs and campfire. But you and I and Andrew go for shelter from the rain stock of firewood. Now, nine people are busy staging tents: two with axes prepare and Read more [...]
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The importance of fire in the forest

An essential part of any expedition is the taiga fire. "... Fire - is the battery of vigor, energy and activity ", - as noted by a participant and leader of numerous experiments on the survival of V. Volovich. And a fire - it is warm and light, dry clothes, hot food, bottled water, protection from midges. Fire, necessarily bred every night, suddenly creates an atmosphere of comfort and coziness. Indeed, the rest by the fire can not be compared with the cold overnight. In wet wet weather fire from the category of comfort at once transformed into a means of daily necessities. Impossibility Read more [...]
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Rain

In the rain or after the small mountain streams become violent and dangerous currents. Grass-covered slopes are slippery. Rain makes little unstable scree, which prolonged, even light rain beginning to slump, sometimes very large masses. On wet scree is not only difficult to move around, but it is difficult to resist the fall, there is also easy to get under the rockfalls. Even a small rain produces most destructive work in the rocks, with the result that occur rockfalls. Climbing on wet rocks is not only difficult, but also dangerous. The temperature is lowered after rain rocks are thin Read more [...]
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Meteorological observations in the field

Harbingers of good, clear weather If the terrain established cold air mass - it is the most sure guarantee a good, clear weather. The first signs of a cold air mass is the appearance of separate round or flat clouds - "sheep." Good cloudless weather usually preceded by low air pressure, heat, storm with heavy rainfall in the summer and heavy snow, blizzard - winter. And summer and winter clearing passes with cold snap, lasting for a day or two. In the spring and fall on clear nights can be freezing. Stability tests of clear weather Barometer for several days continuously rising. Read more [...]
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Choice of accommodations and the unit bivouac

Much of what appears here on the location for a camp may not seem particularly important or even secondary. And, yet, it is not. This is the case when no trifles. To little to convince the reader, tell a tragic story of expedition life surveyors. It is an old and, in general, not very remarkable story, it does not have any exciting events that are often described in adventure novels. The death of one of the members of the expedition occurred at a fairly mundane circumstances, as is often the case in real life. Topographical squad trainee Novosibirsk topographical College Theodore Prokhorenko Read more [...]
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How to make a fire in the rain

Take the option, when the rain comes for some time and is nearing completion, but not long downpour. In the latter case, as such, there is no sense in the fire. The principle is the same as in normal conditions: to organize the small-bore stuff for ignition, prepare middling and, indeed, what will feed the fire. To detail is paper and newspaper, dry pine needles and leaves, which can be found under trees and shrubs, or removing the top layer of wet, chips and small twigs, stripped of wet bark. Intermediate better to make the found logs, "pinch" of them sticks and chop into small Poleshko. Read more [...]
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Green oracles weather

Every morning we are usually interested in: the weather? Rejoice in the warm, sunny day. Disappointed if due to bad weather forced to make adjustments to their plans. It happens: in the morning the sun shines brightly, and by noon sky is the clouds rain down rain. Sometimes the weather does not want to obey the weather forecast, and then instead of the promised rain may occur bucket, or vice versa. According to statistics, the confirmation of short-term forecasts of about 82 percent. In other words, one out of five predictions is incorrect. Absolutely accurate predictions of the weather Read more [...]
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Making a fire in the rain

The group must be matches in a waterproof container. Each participant must have his campaign completely sealed box of matches (in addition to the group in addition to the stock and commonplaces of matches). And keep these matches is not anywhere in the backpack, and always with you. If a tourist comes to jackets, they are in a breast pocket shooting jackets, he immediately shifts the matches in the pants or shirt pocket. For sealing of matches using different methods. You can put a few matches with the side wall of the empty matchbox hunting pocket, which then pour paraffin. You can remove Read more [...]
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Mode of the day cruising

The water traveling mode depends on the particular route, weather conditions and used boats. For example, traveling to rain on open boats or rafts better "break" mode and do not go to the night before the rain. In canoeing adventures in the simple river, on the contrary, we can recommend the daily output of the transition and in bad weather, waiting for a little clarification, to gather and put things in a kayak.The resumption of the rain and even moving it to oblozhnoy not terrible for water tourists if they have reliable capes and kayaks - watertight decks and aprons. In these circumstances, Read more [...]
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How to make a fire. Travel Tips

Although the fire and is the first of other tourists, but by communicating with the other, it is necessary to take some precautions. Koster holds a potential hazard that could not remind myself for so long that forget about it. Now, an experienced traveler differs from beginner not that he ignores this danger, but on the contrary - the fact that it is being remembered and thus follow the precautions. What are they? The first thing that must remember the tourist: leaving the bivouac site, be sure to fill in the fire. One should not think that if the wood is burned, if the fireplace leaving only Read more [...]
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How to build a fire in any weather without the aid of matches?

There was a time when many people go to nature, hiking, picnicking. In such situations, often resort to the help of fire, we make a fire. Bonfire - this focus, which can warm up and dry the wet clothes and shoes. Smoke from the fire protection from mosquitoes and midges. Going camping. Going camping, put in a backpack old newspapers, dry splinter, so you can build a fire in the toughest conditions. Grab a piece of birch bark, on the way it will fall a lot. We must also remember that helps ignite the fire thrown into a pinch of salt. Defending matches. To avoid problems associated with the Read more [...]
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A meeting on the river sulfuric

Sleeping bag on drumming rain. He was not strong, and half asleep, I thought you can not get up, wait till it Kukule. But the rain did not stop, and soon became a trickle of water to get to the face. I had to climb. I spread stronger fire in the fire, dragged Kukul wood. Chopped branches, lay them on the lower branches of the tree, a good all-new canopy over my bed. Raindrops did not molest, near fire crackled cheerfully, it was warm - in Kukule could wait out the rain at least a week. But not sleepy, was daylight. I thoroughly dried the boots, cooked breakfast. I thought: waking up in Read more [...]
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How to make a fire in the rain

Take the option, when the rain comes for some time and is nearing completion, but not long downpour. In the latter case, as such, there is no sense in the fire. The principle is the same as in normal conditions: to organize the small-bore stuff for ignition, prepare middling and, indeed, what will feed the fire. To detail is paper and newspaper, dry pine needles and leaves, which can be found under trees and shrubs, or removing the top layer of wet, chips and small twigs, stripped of wet bark. Intermediate better to make the found logs, "pinch" of them sticks and chop into small Poleshko. Read more [...]
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Weather prediction over the rainbow

Signs of bad weather Bright rainbow is cast in green - to the bad weather, and, the rainbow is greener, the longer it will rain. Low and flat bow, rests with its ends in a river, lake or valley bottoms - to prolonged bad weather. If at the same time, there are two or three of the rainbow - will be long warm rain.     If the rainbow after the rain lasts a long time - it portends bad weather. If there is a rainbow in the morning - it's a rainy weather. If the rainbow is directed from north to south - the rain. If the rainbow in the west - rain. Read more [...]
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Campfire organization bivouac

Work on the organization of emergency bivouac camp fire can be divided into seven interrelated phases: site selection for a camp, the unit fireplaces, firewood, cooking kindling fire ignition, maintenance of fire equipment campfire bivouac. Even experienced travelers to breed large campfire with all the preparatory work required more than an hour. Newcomers this period should be increased by at least half. Choice of location. Very important is the correct choice of a camp fire camp. Inconveniently placed camp could negate the benefits of the hottest fire. Conversely, a good choice of places Read more [...]
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A fire in the rain

Arrange a fire in the rain - not easy and requires a special and very careful preparation. In wet forest, it is impossible to find a dry Melt ku, but even if it succeeds, kindling burned portion and thicker branches do not have time to dry out on its very fast finish fire. The problem with a fire in the rain is that it is impossible to get the very first very little pile of coal, which would be about sushivali and set fire to the thicker branches. Therefore, in case of rain to the house to grab something that can on a small shoe while sunbathing replace fire melted the ku. Typically experienced Read more [...]
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Predicting the weather in the clouds

Signs of bad weather If on the horizon thin cirrus clouds in the form of elongated filaments with curved ends (clouds with "hooks" and "claws", see Fig. 7) - this shows that at a distance of several hundred kilometers is a warm front. • If the cirrus clouds are located on the left hand to the direction of wind, with high probability, a warm front will cover the observer, bringing heavy rains come the period.     • If the clouds are located on the right hand to the direction of the wind, it can bypass the front and side. In any case, Read more [...]
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Typhoon

We got up early, just getting light, but were too late, at 9 am, as engaged in repairing footwear and clothes, tore the order the day before. Bivouac in the morning has a different view. Were quiet night sounds disappeared fears. But the valley still evokes a strange feeling melancholy. With a sense of relief we left this inhospitable place. The sky was overcast. Low clouds quickly rushed to the north-east. Taken several times to rain. An hour passed last Kandagou, and the path, turning to the west, began to climb the hill. Begins pass through Da-tien-shan. Down wind is much less. Read more [...]
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The untouched wilds of the taiga. Flood. Black braids? Typhoon

FLOODAugust 1996 in Primorsky Krai began with an unusual heat wave. The temperature reached thirty and even thirty-four degrees in the shade. Some days were cloudy, but even during precipitation temperature does not fall below twenty-six degrees. In the taiga soared, both in the tropics and smelled damp. Local residents said that we should wait typhoon ...... By August I was finishing preparations for the big hike through Shkotovsky plateau. In preparation there was a set of questions on equipment. You should check shoes, clothing, backpacks, etc, to consider the shortcomings and fix them Read more [...]
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