The head of the water resources of Israel URI Shani said that in 2012, Israel will suffer serious water crisis for all time of existence of the state. He claims, is the aquifer of the sea of Galilee is almost exhausted due to the ongoing seven-year drought. He said that the level of the largest freshwater reservoir Israel will fall below the so-called \"black\" mark.
Shani has warned that by the end of 2012, the total water resources in Israel will be reduced to 240 million cubic meters of natural sources and another 300 million cubic meters, which will be obtained by desalination of sea water. Read more [...]
19/12/2012 According to optimistic forecasts Norwegian futurists, published in the latest issue of International Studies Quarterly, in 2050 the number of wars around the world will be reduced by half. Thus, after 38 years in armed conflicts will be involved every twelve countries, and not one out of six as of today.
Among those who will still be at war, scientists have named India, Nigeria, Sudan, Ethiopia and Tanzania. To prove the soundness of his method, the scientists "predict" the war years 2001-2009, based on the statistical data for the seventies - the nineties of the last Read more [...]
Cytochromes (Synonym: miogematiny, gistogematiny) - heme, the biological function of which is to transfer electrons, and is carried out (in the tissue respiration) by reversible changes in the valence of the iron atoms that make up the heme (see hemoglobin).
Depending on the configuration of the prosthetic group of cytochromes are divided into four types (each of which in turn contains several cytochromes): Cytochromes a, b, c, d. Corresponding prosthetic groups: iron-formyl-porphyrin (heme A or its related gem with formyl side chain); Protogen (iron-protoporphyrin) substituted mesogens; iron Read more [...]
Cyanosis - is cyanotic coloration of the skin and mucous membranes. Cyanosis occurs under reduced oxygen content in the blood, because hemoglobin is not connected to oxygen (reduced hemoglobin) has a dark color. Prosvechivaya through the skin, the dark blood gives them a bluish tinge, especially in those areas where the skin is thinner (lips, cheeks, ears, etc.). The degree of cyanosis may range from gray-blue to blue-black skin tone.
Most often cyanosis associated with blood circulation, when slowing blood flow and venous stasis promotes greater oxygen uptake and tissue accumulation of reduced Read more [...]
Bruising formed from the perpendicular (or close to it) in relation to body surface exposure blunt solid object. In this broken blood vessels in the skin and underlying soft tissues. Izlivshayasya blood penetrates tissue accumulates under the skin and is detected in the form of bruises. In the first hours after a bruise is reddish-purple color, and then becomes blue-purple color due to the transition of oxyhemoglobin to reduced hemoglobin. Blood clot, blood cells break down, reduced hemoglobin passes into methemoglobin, which gradually turns into verdogemohromogen having green color, and fully Read more [...]
Diagnosis rheumatic disease based on clinical signs characteristic lesions of one or more organs (heart, joints, skin, nervous system, etc.) and the results of laboratory tests. The blood of the acute phase of rheumatic fever is characterized by neutrophilic leukocytosis to 12,000 - 15,000 with a shift to the left. With sluggish for rheumatism leukocyte count may be normal or even reduced, sometimes marked eosinophilia. ROE with active rheumatoid process is usually accelerated, sometimes up to 50-70 mm per hour. The amount of hemoglobin in the beginning of the disease can be reduced, with frequent Read more [...]
The doctor is also based on the fact that in case of serious violations of gastric motility reception mineral water inside should not be used, since water may increase sokogonnym effect and adds to the increased gastric secretion. In inflammatory mucosal edema or pyloric spasm last dose of mineral water to reduce (rather than 1-1.5 cups to receive much less use - up to 1/4 cup). With reduced gastric secretion mineral water inside appoint the same principles as for gipatsidnom gastritis.
There are other variants of the course of peptic ulcer and according to these variants doctor prescribe mineral Read more [...]
Renal function in the early stages of the disease most often violated (oliguria), in some cases, it may be normal. In early shock in blood revealed leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. If the patient will not be taken out of a state of shock, the disease goes into the second stage.
The second (late) stage of shock continues for several days, in some cases, several weeks. At this stage of hemodynamic disorders progressively increasing. Depending on this deteriorating microcirculation, increasing oxygen deficiency in tissues, even more disturbed metabolism and increases acidosis.
Symptoms of this Read more [...]
The body's ability to release water from fat should also be used for the purpose of weight loss. If you limit the amount of fluid intake, the fat fall harder, and thus reduced weight body. One of the principles of treatment is to limit water (1-1.5 L) and salt (up to 5 g). However, EA Beyul, VF Markelov, P. Popov (1972) point to a long-term adverse effects giponatrievoy diet on renal function, resulting deterioration in their secretory and excretory functions, according to the radionuclide renogrammy (renal blood flow, tubular function and evacuation capability). Negative dynamic changes Read more [...]
Heart function in hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease, toxic adenoma (cor thyreotoxicum) always changed. Pathologically increased consumption of oxygen by tissues (30-50% or more) an increase in cardiac output by 30% or more (up to 6 - 12 liters in 1 min.), And mainly due to more frequent rate than the rise in systolic or impact volume, blood flow increased (time "hand - language" of less than 10 sec.). The most common complaint of patients with hyperthyroidism are palpitations and shortness of breath on exertion. Objectively has been a steady increase in pulse rate (above 90 beats Read more [...]
Cause of a number of pathological processes observed after acute or chronic inflammation, is, according to Astrup, insufficient activity of plasmin. If children and young people's level of plasmin is normally sufficient to ensure the normal healing process, then in men aged 40 years and in premenopausal women it is clearly reduced, and in old age is falling sharply. This may explain the particular tendency of older people to inflammatory and degenerative diseases, severity of inflammation, and they have a reduced tendency to heal.
However, these features are due to unfavorable age not only Read more [...]
Subjectively, it affects. In vitro experiments using a variety of fabrics and materials is not detected.
On really occurring in different regions of the USSR combinations of temperature, wind speed and humidity is defined "reduced temperature"Hygienists against established thresholds discomfort weather:
Table 1. Threshold "reduced temperature" in the harsh winter weather Present temperature, ° C -28 Hygiene standards while in the open air in motion or when the heating needs in a warm place for 10-15 minutes every 45-50 minutes -38 reduction in the open air or against the Read more [...]
In considering all the parameters studied, depending on the position situation is as follows. Engineers and senior engineers in all these traits have the lowest rating. Slight increase observed estimates to 50-54 years, then they are greatly reduced. The increase in production and some of the psychological and performance indicators found to 60-64 years, apparently due to the partial transition at this age some heads and senior specialists in the group of senior engineers.
The leaders of groups of 30-39 years for all three kinds of signs there is a slight increase in ratings. With age estimates Read more [...]
In obscheravnomernosuzhennom pelvis (pelvis aequabiliter justa minor) all sizes are reduced in all planes of the pelvis by about the same amount in an average of 2 cm, in other words, this pelvis resembles a normal pelvis in a reduced form. There are 2 types of flat pelvis (pelvis plana): a simple and rachitic.
Simple flat pelvis is a clear reduction of direct input size in normal quantities and ratios of the transverse dimensions, and sometimes presented reduced cross-section.
In rachitic flat pelvis is little difference between the size of scallops and spines, which makes pelvis appears as if Read more [...]
If the significance of the sex glands science has some information for a long time, then the functions of such a large and important gland, as the thyroid, it was reported recently. It took only about 50 years since then, had been obtained hormone this gland - thyroxine. Diseases associated with the failure of the normal activity of the thyroid gland, are relatively uncommon. Thyroid disease is often accompanied by an increase in its size - from the front of the neck formed by swelling, sometimes reaching considerable size, which is called goiter. With the increased formation of thyroid hormone Read more [...]