Hunting without a gun, and onions - with a device known samolovami. We need to know the device samolovov - to use their own, and not to suffer samolovov set by other hunters.
Danger to stumble upon someone else's agile adaptation, especially great if you are moving on animal trail. A well-defined animal tracks generally lie near water holes. A threat can be from any side, including from above and behind. Triggering can occur samolova tripping stretched cord, twigs or sticks. The cord is usually located very low and masked by fallen leaves and manufacturing pr.Dlya samolovov from materials Read more [...]
Under these conditions, it may be a difficult situation. If the rope (or the fear of a node) to wear seat directly to breast belay node in 2-4 minutes athlete who was unable to organize yourself extra loop on the leg starts to choke. As a result, the immediate cause of unhappiness is not the failure of the railing, not the failure of the fracture, and poor circulation while squeezing chest safety belt with a consequent loss of breath.
All of this could have been avoided if the climber had a gazebo, locked with the pectoral girdle. Alarms 2-4 minutes stretched to tens of minutes for which Read more [...]
End of August. In mountaineering camp "Alibek" instructor has worked with academic departments for 2-3 shifts and is now rushing to go yourself, "for the soul." Chose Eastern. Dombay-Ulgen (VB). Shozhennoy group was not. However, the desire to go to this summit overcame all fears, and the group got together almost a day before the release. B. pervorazryadnikom included it in his day of return from the competition spasotryadov, none of the other members, he did not know. Doubtful vtororazryadnik T. - too little experience to Eastern. Dombai. At Mountaineer P. (I level) Read more [...]
This interaction was noted in 12 of the National Assembly, with half of them in sports masters and master candidates, 4 - in the category of II, one - for I and III. Typically, climbers allowed in these cases, several errors: went up to the length of the rope 12 to 45 m from the last hook raised to a height of 5.4 m, the rope went through 3-8 hooks coverage and high friction on the rock; We go for the ridge or ledge, losing visual, auditory and sometimes communicate with each other.
Weaknesses are so many that the very misfortune as a result it seems almost natural. Analysis of the composition Read more [...]
Dress code - storm suit, sweater, warm pants, gloves, warm gloves, hat, goggles, high boots, protective helmet (helmet).
Personal equipment - ASC, two carbine repshnur (5 m), the loop for the descent.
Equipment group - rope core (3 x 30 m), the rope supporting (1x 30 m), avalanche shovel, 5 rifles, spare goggles, backpack for two, first aid kit.
Repetition of previously studied methods of movement of individual vehicles on a snowy terrain. Carried out on a ski slope to 50 m, the slope of 35 - 45 °, with a smooth rolled out the bottom of the uninsured, but subject to the rules of the Read more [...]
Walking on the glacier in the lower free from snow, part climber meets clearly visible cracks. They were formed during the motion of the glacier bed due to irregularities (transverse and longitudinal cracks), different rates of glacier flow along the coast and in the middle (oblique), turning it (radial). A steep fall or narrowing of the glacier appears messy break his body - icefall. There are also so-called glacial rivers, glacial wetlands - water accumulation under the snow, glacier mills - vertical wells washed with water, hazardous great depth.
For the well to overcome the open area Read more [...]
Small rivers, mountain streams can sometimes be overcome jumping, but without the backpack, not to get a leg injury (sprain, dislocation, etc.). In this case, you should use the insurance on a pole. Pole is placed in the middle of standing water, upstream.
Leaning on him to push off from the shore and jump to the opposite shore. Coverage can be achieved with the help of rope railing or pole, used as a handrail. Can crossing shallow rivers by projecting stones, if they are in step or a short hop, which can take from a place (with or without a backpack). But before you use this method, you must Read more [...]
Tactics - a set of tools and techniques to achieve the goal. The main objective of the tourism campaign - ascent with minimal effort and with maximum safety. Around the two main defining goals depending on the situation, any other goals and objectives, but the choice of tactics they do not have a decisive impact.
Choice of tactics determined by the physical and technical preparation of tourists. It is impossible to build a tactically correct route without considering the actual physical, technical, moral and volitional training team members. Choice of tactics of the campaign carried out Read more [...]
What we are saying to you is quite accessible. But this is only the beginning. Now I want to talk about what lies ahead of you, if you will be traveling with your passion for many years. Etoy.zadache and subject to the following parts of the book. I only remember that without special equipment and experienced leader in sophisticated travel can not walk: pointless and dangerous!
When people your age adults say "no" and "dangerous," occurs spontaneous protest. I remember that on his own. So I will try to explain why not. I am fond of all kinds of sports, but did not reach Read more [...]
one of the core. of passive insurance from the shore in water T. Designed to deliver end rescuers. rope from the shore to the ship on the river. Is a structure of the two boards dL. 80 - 100 cm wide. 25 - 30 cm, connected in parallel at a distance of 30 - 40 cm with two cross section of at least 5 cm 2. Sleepers are fixed at 10 - 15 cm from the ends of the boards. VGTU harness rope is pulled through the hole e the board closest to the shore. End of the rope is passed through the hole, tied around her grasps node. Board facing to banks, it turns out that about. based on a rope a triangle Read more [...]
With a simple running knot formed tightens loop. To do this, make a loop and pull it through the radical part of the rope (Fig. 1). The resulting loop (Fig. 2) is tightened by pulling a fundamental part. Knot can be tied in any part of the rope. It can be used to tighten the bag or tie a rope to any subject.
Read more [...]
Dress code - storm or jogging suit, gloves, hat, high boots, protective helmet (helmet).
Personal equipment - ASC, 3 carbine repshnur (5 m), the loop for the descent, garden furniture.
Equipment group - rope core (3 x 40 m), the rope supporting (1 x 40 m), rock hooks - 5, carbines - 5 - 6, rock hammers - 3 pack for two, first aid kit, a set of pitches to work with the chock, chock weighing 75 - 80 kg.
Belayer to create more opportunities for maneuver in securing post, for it is desirable to have at least two samostrahovochnye loops of different lengths, and none of them should not extend Read more [...]
Conduct tours for schoolchildren - necessary, interesting to do. Thus the main objective is always to ensure the safety of children, which is subject to all: the selection of equipment, and the development of the route and the technical obstacles to overcome, and more. Therefore, considering all aspects of the organization of campaigns, we are first going to pay attention to the safety of young tourists.
Committing tourism campaign, like any other activity, requires the need, in this case tourism, equipment. It can be divided into personal, group and special.
Personal equipment - it's Read more [...]
Lifting techniques from the crack of the victim, the ability to move independently, are shown in Fig. 38, a, b, c.
In the fall of a partner in a crack, you must first fix the rope and organize reliable insurance lifeguards. When the snow is deep attachment to an ice-ax is not enough, additional fastening means in the form of snow shovels, snow anchors (eg, dig in and trample down the backpack.) Only reliably securing the rope, you can go to the edge of the crack and start organizing recovery.
Is very important to the system linking the motion of the glacier. The rope is divided Read more [...]
In the tour. hike always there is the danger man atm. electric. discharges. Distinguish direct loss - in finding
Fig. 1 Zone of relative safety during atmospheric discharges in the mountains.
tour. group during, at the top of the ridge, a broad saddle, or open space, the action of electromagnetic induction (induced current) - with the passage of electric. level at a distance of 1 m from the person (eg, sitting at the trunk of the tree at the time of a lightning strike), and the defeat of the currents arising from the spread of electric. discharge on the wet ground, areas Read more [...]
Disruption climber almost always happens unexpectedly for both partners in the bunch. Most often, the fear of not only sees the beginning of fall, but did not hear the noise. And in this situation, there is one immutable for the rule:
In any case, the runaway must shout to warn his partner about his fall.
In all cases, the National Assembly, the group must find a man who can (must) take full responsibility for the follow-up (this does not have to be a figurehead of ascent). All other members of the group (including and figurehead) must obey and fulfill all his requests, orders, ordinances, Read more [...]
a set of measures to ensure the safety of tourists in the campaign, in the narrow sense - set tech. means (and how to use them), providing the ability to prevent severe consequences for breakdowns and accidents. There are three types of MS: Group C, vzaimostrahovka and lanyard. Collective (Or mass) C is designed to ensure the safety of a large group of tourists through the construction of rail crossings and on steep mountain slopes, fences on the narrow dangerous roads, etc. Vzaimostrahovka - DOS. C. to form groups (crews) in the 2 - 4 people. The purpose - to prevent the interaction of crises Read more [...]
As mentioned above, the overall survival tactics in the mountains directly depends on the vertical zonation, that is, on how high the accident occurred. In the highlands of the victims will face some of the same problems as in the high latitudes - lack of food of plant and animal origin, low air temperatures, the presence of snow cover, lack of fuel for fires and other emergency Belt forest provides about the same possibilities for survival as the taiga, etc. The specific methods of self-salvation can find information in the relevant chapters of the book.
However, there are pure mountain Read more [...]