The history of mankind - this is largely the history of the use of the natural environment, so for the entire history of a man of his relationship with nature has always been quite strong. Now the situation has changed due to technological advances, man created an artificial environment, guaranteeing his safety and a comfortable existence. But no matter how perfect, automated or was this new, man-made world, it will always exist only because of the nature of its resources. A person will never be able to avoid contact with nature, and thus the probability to experience the effects of it in an Read more [...]
Dress code - storm or jogging suit, gloves, hat, high boots, protective helmet (helmet).
Personal equipment - ASC, 3 carbine repshnur (5 m), the loop for the descent, garden furniture.
Equipment group - rope core (3 x 40 m), the rope supporting (1 x 40 m), rock hooks - 5, carbines - 5 - 6, rock hammers - 3 pack for two, first aid kit, a set of pitches to work with the chock, chock weighing 75 - 80 kg.
Belayer to create more opportunities for maneuver in securing post, for it is desirable to have at least two samostrahovochnye loops of different lengths, and none of them should not extend Read more [...]
a set of measures to ensure the safety of tourists in the campaign, in the narrow sense - set tech. means (and how to use them), providing the ability to prevent severe consequences for breakdowns and accidents. There are three types of MS: Group C, vzaimostrahovka and lanyard. Collective (Or mass) C is designed to ensure the safety of a large group of tourists through the construction of rail crossings and on steep mountain slopes, fences on the narrow dangerous roads, etc. Vzaimostrahovka - DOS. C. to form groups (crews) in the 2 - 4 people. The purpose - to prevent the interaction of crises Read more [...]
According to Fig. 4, of the 86 National Assembly on rocky routes 55 (ie 64%) were in direct disruption athletes in the climbs. Now it is a major cause of fatalities on the rocks, which, however, could not be, if at the time of disruption of normal insurance is reset by the second in the bunch.
How high up with the output of the first belay safe? What burden falls on stripping the athletes, rope and belay pitons? What loads are allowed? How much rope etched with fear at stall? Unfortunately, in the national mountaineering literature on these important questions are not fully answered. Read more [...]
(From the French. Amortir relax, soften), a safety tool in the form of a particularly strong stranded rope or tape to alleviate a safety rope tug on stripping and falling off a cliff into the crack of the glacier, on a steep icy slope. With the steep drop impact force rigidly attached a safety rope is 1500 - 2000 kg, with breakdown on the icy slope (with a slope of -600) - 600 - 700 kg (using ropes homelands. Pro-wah). Such loads without AA not stand any body, any components of the safety chain - rope, carabiners, hooks, bookmarks. A., fastened between the insured and strapping a safety rope Read more [...]