By the end of the year the number of pigs infected with African swine fever (ASF), will exceed 1,000 in the next year will cover the whole of Latvia's disease, and due to a combination of factors Latvia will have to live with ASF for a long time, he said at the annual conference of the forest industry expert Prodovolstvenno- Veterinary Services (PVS) Martins Serzhants."Until now, the ASF ascertained at 876 boars, including 579 have been found dead and 297 were killed in the hunt. It is clear that before the end of the year the number of infected animals will exceed 1000. The disease Read more [...]
The intensity of altitude sickness, depending on the altitude.
The most effective way to prevent altitude sickness is a preliminary acclimatization, the consumption of vitamins and carbohydrates. Important condition - complete rejection of alcohol and nicotine. First aid: reduce muscle strain, in case of fainting - artificial respiration, rest. Prevention: the appearance of the first signs of altitude sickness to halt until the body can not adapt to the new conditions. In very severe cases, it is recommended to go down, where mountain sickness itself will take place. Preventive agents Read more [...]
You liked as a child ginger ale? Did you know that the original was a very famous ginger elixir of health? Our ancestors in Asia, where he first began using ginger, ginger is very much appreciated as a prevention-tonic for general maintenance functions, as well as a pharmaceutical for the treatment of many diseases. Today, the world is quoted more ginger as a spice, but not cease to be effective from stomach digestive and a powerful diuretic. Ginger can be used in poor blood circulation, as a good carminative and expectorant. In addition, the ginger contains fats, protein, minerals, starch, Read more [...]
Kinesia - A painful condition that occurs in humans and some animals while pitching at sea (sea disease) In the air at the "bumpiness" aircraft (air disease) As well as when driving on rail or by car.
The leading factor in the occurrence of motion sickness are rectilinear acceleration is many times greater than the threshold of stimulation of the otolith apparatus.
The generally accepted theory of motion sickness otolith. Mechanical factors causing motion sickness and their forces are not only vestibular apparatus, but on interoceptive apparatus all moving bodies, increasing vegetative Read more [...]
Serum sickness - Allergic reactions, which develops in response to parenteral introduction foreign protein (whey) and characterized by rash, arthralgia, edema, lymphadenitis, fever and other symptoms. During serum sickness depends on the quality and quantity of injected serum. The pathogenesis of the disease is the reaction of antigen (whey protein) with the antibodies formed in the body in response to a foreign protein (see allergy). The severity of lesions may range from mild functional changes in the circulatory system to organic vascular and tissue lesions (redness, stasis, bleeding, serous Read more [...]
With the overall radiation damage influence on the course of wound disorders peculiar to the different periods of acute radiation disease. In the period of the primary reaction to irradiation violation of nervous regulation of life processes (especially cardiovascular) promotes the development of shock and high sensitivity to the blood loss.
In the latent period of radiation sickness within the wound has no singularities. Wound, capable of healing per primam with sufficient duration of the latent period (7-10 days) can heal. But if the wound heals per granulationem, to top the height of radiation Read more [...]
Combined lesion (Combat) - defeat of the effects of a few of the same or different types of weapons, acting simultaneously or sequentially. Combination of likely defeat in the centers of mass destruction (see), especially arising as a result of a nuclear explosion (see Nuclear weapons), as the shock wave causes mechanical damage, thermal radiation causes burns and ionizing radiation - the total radiative defeat - Radiation sickness (see). All these types of injuries can be combined in various combinations: a closed fracture or injury - to burn, burn - From radiation injuries and fractures, etc. Read more [...]
The high altitude of physical activity can be a major challenge for your body. Even well trained people can suffer altitude sickness. The risk groups include those who, without prior acclimatization makes too rapid ascent to an altitude of 2500 meters and climbing in the mountains by car or cable car. Recent studies have shown that 47% of climbers, climbing to the base camp of Chomolungma (Everest) at an altitude of between 5500 and 6100 meters, suffer from altitude disease. Height can cause complications of diseases such as asthma, hypertension, cardiovascular disease.If you are going to rise Read more [...]
The clinical picture and treatment
Acute radiation syndrome is short (a few minutes to 1 - 3 days), an external radiation or entry into radioisotopes generating radiation dose exceeding 100 p. When irradiated with a dose of up to 25 p, as a rule, routine clinical significant deviations are detected. After irradiation with a dose of 25-75 p can be marked fuzzy changes in the blood picture, neuro-vascular regulation - often by 6 - 8 weeks from the time of exposure. At a dose of 100-1000 r causes the typical form of radiation sickness with its leading role in the pathogenesis of Read more [...]
The chronic form radiation disease, as opposed to acute, develops slowly over several years. After the cessation of chronic exposure may be a improvement, with continuing irradiation disease progresses.
There are three degrees of severity: mild, moderate and severe. Chronic radiation disease characterized by mild asthenic syndrome (malaise, weakness, irritability, impaired sleep and appetite, tendency to hypotension, menstrual disorders in women), a small degree of leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. When transferring employees to other work conditions, after rest and restorative health treatment Read more [...]
In peacetime, the acute form radiation disease may occur in emergency situations in industry, and in honey. institutions where the use of ionizing radiation sources. In wartime, a nuclear attack could experience massive radiation damage of the population. Radiation disease can also develop as a complication that occurs in radiation therapy (see), in patients with neoplastic diseases.
On the severity of acute radiation disease can be mild, moderate, heavy and extra heavy. The severity of radiation sickness depends mainly on the size of the dose (see doses of ionizing radiation), duration of Read more [...]
Radiation sickness in the military field may be the result of external exposure (see Nuclear weapons) or hit (much less) of radioactive substances (RS) in the body (incorporated). Physical and the mental stress and other adverse factors of the combat situation reduces the body's resistance to ionizing radiation, so the military field radiation sickness may occur from the smaller-than-normal doses, more severe and to give a higher mortality rate. Quite often combined with other types of lesions (burns, mechanical damage), and the combination with local radiation damage will be much burden Read more [...]
Radiation disease - A disease caused by the action of ionizing radiation (see ionizing radiations). Clinic radiation sickness depends on the conditions of exposure: radiation (See) can be external - the whole body or most of it - and the inner, when radioactive material (see Isotopes) through the respiratory tract or digestive tract to get inside the body, it accumulates and thus create pockets of chronic exposure of the body. Thus, radioactive strontium accumulates in the bones, radioactive cesium - in muscle and other tissues, radioactive yttrium - the liver, the radioactive iodine - in the Read more [...]
Altitude sickness (synonymous with mountain sickness) - syndrome resulting from a lack of oxygen partial pressure in the breathing air at rises to great heights. As a result of oxygen deficiency disturbed function of the nervous, respiratory and cardiovascular systems. There are changes in the digestive organs, endocrine glands, muscles. Develop symptoms of hypoxia.
Altitude disease divided into proper altitude disease (aviators), and mountain disease, the development of which play a role and such additional factors as the physical fatigue, cooling, ionized air and ultraviolet radiation. Read more [...]
The term "serum disease"Appeared at the end of the last century due to the frequent complications of the introduction of various therapeutic sera. A number of persons on the 7 th and 10 th day after the administration of diphtheria or tetanus horse serum appeared the following symptoms: fever, joint pain, swelling of the lymph nodes, urticaria rash, changes in albuminuria and blood. The disease occurs in 2-3 weeks and ended with spontaneous recovery. Sometimes there is a recurrence of the disease. Rare complication of serum sickness were recurrent urticaria and periarteritis nodosa.
Serum Read more [...]
By the nature of reactions are two main forms of motion sickness. The first of these occurs with pronounced autonomic manifestations (nausea, vomiting, profuse sweat, excessive salivation), joined by headache, dizziness, irregular heartbeat.
In the second (hidden) form people complain mostly on weakness, lethargy, drowsiness, decreased performance. Contributes to the development of motion sickness, burdening its manifestation, a number of additional factors. They can be all kinds of smells (food, paint, kerosene), irritant olfactory system, intake of fatty and sugary foods, alcohol, smoking, Read more [...]
Clinical manifestations of drug allergy is very diverse. Most often, there are changes in the skin, mucous membranes may develop changes in the internal organs, changes in the blood, a combination of those and other lesions, such as anaphylactic shock, serum sickness.
Anaphylactic shock. The most severe form of immediate allergic reactions to medications is anaphylactic shock (see Sec. 3).
Of medicines cause anaphylaxis are antibiotics more often, in the first place - penicillin, then streptomycin, tetracycline, cephalosporins, vitamins, enzymes, contrast media, nitrofuranovye derivatives, Read more [...]
High doses of radiation cause bone marrow form of acute radiation sickness of varying severity. In this form of the main manifestations and outcome of the disease depends mainly on the degree of destruction of the blood. High-dose total body irradiation once considered fatal, death occurs within the period of one to two months after exposure. Primary reactions (nausea, vomiting, weakness) occur at the high dose in the most typical form of acute radiation sickness in a few minutes or hours. After 3-4 days the symptoms subside almost completely and can not disturb the victim, the period of alleged Read more [...]
Her first symptoms can occur at the height of 1600-2000 m, and people weakened by having individual instability to hypoxia (approximately 2-6% of cases) - even earlier, at the height of 100Q-1200 m, however, altitude threshold may be even following the sudden change in temperature, strong wind. This will contribute to excessive exercise, psycho-emotional stress, hypothermia, malnutrition, dehydration, fatigue, respiratory problems, loss of blood.
The most dramatic symptom of acute mountain sickness feel excruciating headache, shortness of breath that occurs during exertion, pale skin and Read more [...]