Soviet | The survival encyclopedia


Case for the ax

Recently stitched pouch for ax carried in a backpack wrapped in a cloth and it is not convenient for the belt is dangerous and can cause injury. The design is quite simple, with the reverse side of the strap to attach to the belt (did the size of the army sword belt) on top of the valve closes. Old Soviet leatherette material (taken from the old portfolio) it is stronger modern genuine leather (able to do the same before). Well, my hatchet.Soviet, the years of the sixties, sharp and does not kill (the only thing new is the ax, from old-time spoiled, now think to cover his dark stain and varnish, Read more [...]
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It’s sad date — the beginning of the war

     On the role of Nizhny Tagil and its inhabitants reached us the victory over Nazi Germany written many glorious pages. It would seem that nothing new to tell you about the initial period of the war, the everyday life of tagilchan in the rear.     However, due to which was published at the end of last year, the book by Vladimir Kashin "In the service of the state. Public security organs in Nizhny Tagil: people, fate, facts" we now have a unique opportunity to study the work of security officers Tagil during the Great Patriotic War. Several Read more [...]
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Helm obedient workers hands

Summer of 1936, the Spanish Fascists trampled revolt against the republican government, organized and openly supported by supporters of Mussolini and Hitler. In Spain, civil war broke out. December 14 Nazis burned and sank in the Mediterranean Sea Soviet ship "Komsomol". Increasingly becoming a real danger that the events in Spain will grow into a European war. This is a legitimate concern of the Soviet people for the preservation of peace in Europe, the safety of their homeland. The Communist Party called upon the Soviet people to be vigilant, to strengthen the country's defense. In mid-December Read more [...]
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Helm obedient workers hands

     Summer of 1936, the Spanish Fascists revolted against the Republican government, organized and openly supported by supporters of Mussolini and Hitler. In Spain, broke civil War.     December 14 Nazis burned and sank in the Mediterranean Sea Soviet ship "Komsomol". Increasingly becoming a real danger that the events in Spain will grow into a European war. This is a legitimate concern of the Soviet people for the preservation of peace in Europe, the safety of their homeland. The Communist Party called upon the Soviet people to be vigilant, to strengthen Read more [...]
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What did the Poles in the Ural rear during the Second World War?

The history of Soviet-Polish relations is one of the most painful fact of our history. For many centuries the two Slavic people compete with each other on the spaces of Eastern Europe. Create a powerful first power Rzeczpospolita, then Russian Empire, but rock inexorably falling apart both states due to errors of politicians and insatiable appetites neighbors. Both in Poland and in Russia there are national nation-wide celebrations associated with the victory. In the first case above bratom- "moskalёm" (August 15) in the second over bratom- "lyahom" (November 4).     But the most painful two Read more [...]
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Iron Man cohort

     A new book by well-known Kharkiv journalist and historian of Russian tank design by Konstantin Slobodina dedicated to the life and work of one of the outstanding leaders of the Soviet tank industry wartime Isaac Moiseevich Saltzman.     Despite the fact that in 1955 he was acquitted of all the unfounded accusations of any Soviet or post-Soviet period it life did not become the subject of a biographical study. As a result, the real identity of this extraordinary man is replaced by myths and often serves as the subject of numerous (and sometimes very far-fetched) Read more [...]
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Religious holidays and antiprazdnichnye campaign

     Decree of January 23, 1918 decreed the separation of church and state, school and church, as well as depriving the church the right to be a legal entity and have the property. All church property was nationalized. It did not belong to the church, only on loan. The Church could not keep his religious education with the help of some courses, Sunday schools. But Church and drove out of the ordinary life. The custom of celebrating Christmas and Easter is rooted in the people. Until the end of Soviet rule people in Nizhny Tagil, even without the church calendar, always colored Read more [...]
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Streets named Heroes of the Soviet Union

     In Nizhny Tagil six streets bear the names of our countrymen – Heroes of the Soviet Union. Black Street     Sergey Chernykh born January 23, 1912 in our city in the family of the railway. Russian. Member of the CPSU (b) since 1932. Worked in the train depot Nizhny Tagil.     In the Red Army in 1930. After Stalingrad military pilot school in 1933, sent to serve in the 402-th air brigade.     SA Black – member of the national revolutionary war of the Spanish people of 1936-1939. Lieutenant Commander of the Black fighters Read more [...]
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Thousand relics of everyday life

Paiva, whorl, primus, beetroot, Botha, spinning wheel, these items have long been part of history. And to date the guys knew what they looked like, what was intended and what role was played in the lives of our ancestors, in Dzerzhinsk Palace of Children and Youth Creativity created a museum "Relics of the Ural life." Today there are more than a thousand exhibits, and can not believe that a unique exhibition began collecting just six years ago. Initiator of the museum became our famous needlewoman Vera Chic, whose homemade stuffed toys in the Soviet years were known throughout the country. It Read more [...]
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Now Scriabin was buried in his place

     The reburial of the Hero of the Soviet Union Vasily Scriabin at the Memorial Complex of the Central (former Rogozhinskiy) cemeteries in Nizhny Tagil Sept. 1, 2009, and in early October, the official opening of the monument to Vladimir A. Scriabin. However, to do this, it took a long 16 years. On this solemn and significant event for our city for some reason not attended by journalists from municipal media studio "TV-4", Newspapers "Taghilsky working" and "Highlands"     At the funeral ceremony was attended by war veterans, members Read more [...]
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The essence of Soviet power and the attitude of the Orthodox Church

    In this introduction we consider the essence of Soviet power and the attitude of the Orthodox Church. The essence Soviet power is faith, this is a new faith, the subject of which is a bright future. Source it is humanism, this expression of faith humanism, as it is materialistic and Newhaven. Church-based spiritual ideology and therefore deeply opposed Soviet ideology. Church ideology is not just a competitor, it is doubly competitor, because the spiritual. The first period relations of the Soviet state  the Church was characterized by the independence of this activities Read more [...]
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Page history of the plant

history of the plant     At the time when the distant outskirts of Nizhny Tagil surveyors came to explore the ground construction site in Mosgipromashe on the preliminary design drawings have appeared outlines of a plant with a capacity of 54 thousand heavy cars per year. Initially, the industrial job received designers were all sorts of types of boxcars from indoor to isothermal and tanks. However, even such a giant as UralVagonZavod, could not afford immediately solve numerous problems of rolling stock NKPS. Therefore, during the design of industrial assignment changed to until Read more [...]
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Century «Knights of the Sky»

January 23, 1912 in Nizhny Tagil in the family of a worker who was born Sergey Chernykh, the future hero of the Soviet Union. Sergey Chernykh finished 7 classes of junior high school, he worked in the train depot Nizhny Tagil, in December 1930, in the Red Army. In 1933 he graduated from the 7th Stalin military school pilots served in the 61-th separate Fighter Squadron, from March 1936, commander of the 107th Fighter Squadron, 83rd Fighter Aviation Brigade of the Belarusian Military District Air Force. From November 1936 to February 1937, Lieutenant Sergey Chernykh participated in the national Read more [...]
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Soppotivlenie kpestyan-spetspepeselentsev and methods of struggle with them Soviet power

     In the mass public consciousness today coexist napyadu with many porphyry intrusions, two myths regarding the relationship napoda and power in the Soviet period there. Pe.pvyy, konsepvativno-communist, based on the presence of a plurality vpagov from Soviet rule since its genesis to the last days ppavleniya. This myth is a confirmation of hundreds of thousands of criminal and political cases, the institution in the 1930s on "specialists", "Fists", "The rules and left dodgers" in paptii and everyone else, branded "vpagami napoda". Read more [...]
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Soviet Germans and special ops № 18-74

     According to historian NM Karamzin, the Germans appeared in Russia by the end of the first millennium AD. In many Russian cities Germans settled in connection with the extensive development of trade at the end of the XII century. The predominant part of today's Russian Germans are descendants of colonists who settled on the basis of decrees of the Russian tsars in the Volga region, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Crimea, Bessarabia, the Caucasus and Central Asia. A significant number of Germans fell into Russia during the reign of Ivan III (1462-1505) and Vasily III (1505-1533). Read more [...]
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Council during the war

    "War exposed severe test not only of individuals, but the whole organism of the state as a whole, it institutions, enterprises, organizations and especially the Soviets, as local authorities, tasks which are universal".     MI Kalinin.     People who remember the Bottom Tagil war years, together indicate that that the city had never slept institution where the activity did not stop at hour before dawn or late at night. It was City Council, located in what is now Museum. In the archival folders preserved brittle yellowed sheets, decisions Read more [...]
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Like a twig from the trunk

In the heart of the Dzerzhinsky District There is a small, inconspicuous street that runs parallel to the other about the same. And both are named tagilchan Heroes of the Soviet Union I. Motina and N. Beliavsky. Like a twig from the trunk stretches from Prospect Street Motina railcar and lost among the single-storey detached houses. In 1935, 18-year-old kid came Ivan Motin in Nizhny Tagil, got a UralVagonZavod furnace shop, worked as a foreman shihtovschikov. In July 1941, at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, he was drafted into the army. Sent him to school gunners, he graduated early Read more [...]
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How in Heroes

    According to the latest Publishing military encyclopedic dictionary more than twelve and a half thousand people awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. These are people of many nationalities, from different parts of our country.     And how many heroes gave our working city? Issue of concern to many tagilchan. It would seem very easy to learn and take count. But just at first glance.     Refer to the server literature. In various editions of Heroes The Soviet Union accounted for and recorded at three groups (It stuck and compilers both editions Read more [...]
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Sergey Chernov. Feat and epic tragedy of Heaven

    In Nizhny Tagil on Lenin Avenue is a stand with a header streets bear their names. Among our countrymen first Hero of the Soviet Union, not only in Nizhny Tagil, but also in the Urals, the award of the title of December 31, 1936, Sergey A. Black. What could be glorified in the distant 1936 a young fighter pilot?     Sergey was born on January 9, 1912 in Nizhny Tagil in the family of a railway worker. For what was making model airplanes and dreamed of becoming a pilot, as a child he was nicknamed Shackle-aeroplanchik when barefoot boy ran down the Malaya Kushva, where his family lived. Read more [...]
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SAVIGNY Viktor

SAVIGNY Viktor (07.03.1940, village. BERIOZKINA Orichevskogo district of the Kirov region.), Soviet cosmonaut, engineer, twice Hero of the Soviet. Union, Dr. Sci. Sciences, prof., rector of Moscow. Inst of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK). He graduated from the Perm. College w / d of Transport (1960), built a railway in the forest, was a combine on virgin soil, he served in the Soviet. Arm. After graduating in 1969 MIIGAiK developed optical devices to the Unions and Fireworks KB Korolev, participated in tests of unique equipment. In 1978 enlisted in the neg. astronauts. Thrice flew into space: Read more [...]
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