Perennial herb 30-70 cm tall stems simple or branched, rough-haired. Lower leaves oblong-lanceolate, crenate-serrate at the edges, with short petioles, the rest - lanceolate, sessile, apical - ovate-lanceolate, equal whorls. The flowers are collected at 4.10 in whorls that form at the tips of stems long spicate total inflorescence. Bracts underdeveloped, bristle. Calyx tubular-campanulate, 5.5-8 mm long, densely covered with multicellular hairs, with five almost equal ostrokolyuchimi triangular teeth. Corolla yellow, orange in throat, with red spots on his lower lip, hairy outside, the upper Read more [...]
Horsetails easily recognized among other plants for lack of articulation of the stem and green leaf plate. Their function is performed by green stems. Scaly leaves, cloves are whorls on the stem. Flowers, fruits and seeds in the horsetails not. They reproduce by spores. Equisetum is the highest spore plants.
Horsetail Prirechny, perennial herb, lives on the banks of rivers and streams, lakes, ponds and reservoirs, and in shallow water, as well as different types of wetlands. It can grow in water to a depth of two meters, but prefers a smaller depth (30-70 cm). There he is prolific.
In the Read more [...]
A perennial herb with creeping rhizome, long creeping stems and erect hairy stems 50-100 cm tall Leaves lanceolate, entire, glabrous, with points, glaucous below, shaggy haired, with short petioles, are located on the stem opposite or whorls of 3 - 4. The flowers are bright yellow, up to 2 cm or more in diameter, clustered at the tips of stems in pyramidal paniculate inflorescences. Calyx deeply lobed with lanceolate long-pointed stakes at the edges shortly ciliate, with red-brown stripes. Corolla 20-23 mm in diameter, with a short tube and oblong-ovate lobes, lined on the inside of numerous Read more [...]
It is difficult to find a place near the home of man, which would not grow nettles. Especially strongly it grows in fertile, rich in nitrogenous compounds soils. In cities, this landfill, garbage, in the village - compost heaps in gardens. We have found the one-year and long stinging nettle nettle, more powerful, with underground stems, rhizomes.
These plants quadrangular stems with leaves arranged in pairs. Nettle flowers inconspicuous, greenish. Some flowers only stamens, in others - only pistils. In those stinging nettles and other flowers are on one plant. Therefore called monoecious. Read more [...]
Perennial vines up to 6 m long. Distribution: European part (except the north), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia (south), and the Far East.
Contain mono-and seskviterpeioidy, flavonoids (including anthocyanins and 17% in the leaves of H. lupulus L, leykoantotsianidiny), chalcones, alkaloids and other nitrogen Comm., Cyclites-ly, as well as aromatic and fatty acids laktoiy, aliphatic hydrocarbons, aliphatic alcohols and other Comm. established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 3%, tannins to 3.4% of aggregate fruits and fatty oil to 28.5% of the seeds H. lupulus, waxes. Discovered Read more [...]
Hellebore Lobel (Veratrum lobelianum Bernh.). It grows among the dense grass clearings in moist places. Much of it in the Siberian taiga in western Ukraine, in the central and north-eastern regions of the European part of the USSR, the Urals and the Far East, the Arctic, the high pastures of the Caucasus and subalpine meadows of the Tien Shan. In early spring, when the grass is a little circle, and striking her bright green shoots. At this time they are most rich in alkaloids. Generally, no horse or cow not touch hellebore, and only calves, stupid, inexperienced, can eat it and then die. Read more [...]
Z. latifolia (Griseb.) Stapf - herbaceous perennial to 60 cm high. Distribution: Eastern Siberia (Dauria), the Far East.
Contains steroids, carbohydrates and phenolic acids established structure. Found pectins, higher fatty kilosty.
Medicinal. The therapeutic effect of the diuretic - Subtitle. hours, stems, fruits. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the stomach, liver - leaves, cardio-vascular system in diseases of the heart and blood vessels - the leaves, diseases of blood and of blood: for anemia - Subtitle. hours, stems, fruits, kidney and urinary tract: kidney Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 20-80 cm high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Information available for B. maritimus (L) Palla.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic - Subtitle. hours, astringent - Subtitle. hours, stems, lactogenic - Subtitle., oversight. hours Statement - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea, gastritis, gastric hypofunction - Subtitle. hours, stems, diseases of the reproductive system: menorrhagia, amenorrhea - Subtitle. h; tumors: cancer of the uterus, cervix - Subtitle., oversight. hours, malignancy, leukemia (in the camps), infections / infestations: Read more [...]
Perennial herb 60-180 cm tall with creeping rhizome. Stems branched. The leaves are opposite, lanceolate dissected into three segments. Numerous baskets, form a common corymbose inflorescence. Involucre cylindrical, of 2-3 rows of imbricated located lanceolate leaflets. In each basket 7.3 bisexual flowers with a tubular-funnel-shaped purple or dirty pink aureoles. The fruit-oblong achenes with 4-5 ribs, black, crested with white hairs. It flowers from June to September, achenes ripen in July and October. European-West Asian look. In Russia in the European part and the Northern Caucasus. Read more [...]
Perennial herb up 60 280sm, with a creeping rhizome. Stems are erect, usually simple, pubescent. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, edges serrate-toothed, hairy beneath. Baskets are small, clustered in one-sided arched brush, forming a common apical inflorescence metelkoobraznoe pyramidal shape. Flowers are yellow, edge lozhnoyazychkovye, middle tube. Fruits - cylindrical achenes, with brown crest. Flowers in July-September, achenes ripen in August-October.
North American plant. In Europe, has long been cultivated as an ornamental, easy to escape. In Central Russia fully naturalized, Read more [...]
These plants thrive in salty conditions - but at certain times of the year, many edible plants are found near the coast.
1 Quinoa (Atriplex) grows by an average of 90 cm, has a bright stems, pale green or arrow-shaped leaves and triangular ears of small greenish-white flowers. It grows in salty soil, some species are far on land. Cook the young leaves.
2 Beets seaside (Beta maritima) - creeper is reddish in color, with long petiolate, leathery dark green leaves and inflorescences of small green flowers. It grows on European coasts. The leaves are edible raw or cooked.
3 Marine mustard (Cakile) Read more [...]
Annuals and 25 cm high. Distribution: The Far East. Information available for E. chi-norossicum Kosh.
Medicinal. Those pan e Tues ich e with some effects - anti-inflammatory, diuretic. Indications - ear, nose and throat: laryngitis, tonsillitis, kidney and urinary tract: with cystitis, eye disease: conjunctivitis, pain: for headache - stems, leaves, flowers, diseases of the oral cavity: with gingivitis.
In the experiment, stems, leaves, flowers, exhibit antibacterial activity.
Environmental significance. Needs protection E. chinorossicum, E. komaro-vii Tzvelev. Read more [...]
The problem of the production of milk and meat, said the source, has another side: the cooperatives and state farms have to increase livestock production, so as to compensate for the reduction of livestock on private farms. Attempts to ensure that in more private farms raise cattle, do not always produce the desired results. Perhaps, said the chairman of the cooperative, will cause the feeding of cattle from farmers on the basis of the contract. In some places, it gives good results, but you have to show constant concern to the peasants had enough food. With gardens do not gather a lot of food. Read more [...]
In the forest, especially in the summer and fall, you can always look for mushrooms, fruits, shrubs, edible roots, nuts, acorns, berries. Many in the forest trees and shrubs that provide edible fruits. These include mountain ash (Sorbus aukuparia L.) - a small, up to 15 meters, the tree of the Rosaceae family, with smooth grayish bark and dark green leaves, planted on one stalk. Globular fruits collected in bunches ripen in October, getting a red or dark orange.
Actinidia (Actinidia kolomikta) - a resident of the Far Eastern taiga, which is called the Amur gooseberries - a long-vine binding Read more [...]
Tourists, especially in the summer, a lot of trouble delivering Diptera, sucking the blood of man and warm-blooded animals. These include mosquitoes, gnats, biting midges, horseflies, gadflies, etc. A myriad of bloodsuckers in their places with large concentrations of literally stuck to a person get into the nose, ears, hair, under your clothes, causing numerous bites than sometimes the victim is brought to a frenzy. Bites cause itching and burning, and sometimes inflammation and swelling where the face, neck, hands, and other exposed areas of the body, were attacked, red and swollen. The more Read more [...]
Hemlock Spotted (Conium maculatum) - biennial herbaceous plant with taproot and high, more than five feet, branched in the upper part of the hollow stems. It is found in gardens and vacant lots, roadsides and landfills. Its leaves resemble parsley leaves and on the stem with bluish bloom conspicuous reddish-brown spots. Hence the name "spotted." And another distinctive feature - and fresh, especially on warm days, and a dried plant unpleasant smell mouse and bitter-spicy taste.
The main alkaloid poison hemlock is coniine, which found in all parts of the plant, the more it leaves Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials water up to 120 cm long. Propagation: All. Contain flavonoids and karotiioidy established structure. Marked tannins. Discovered vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - sedative - leaves P. crispus L., stems, leaves of P. natans L., astringent, anti - stems, leaves of P. natans, wound healing - the leaves of P. natans, stems, leaves of P. perfoliatus L. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - leaves P. crispus, leaves of P. natans, leaves of P. pusillus L., stomach cramps - the leaves of P. natans, stems, leaves of P. perfoliatus; diseases Read more [...]
What to eat in the forest? If the person who is lost in the forest, hunting pursue failure snares and traps are empty, and the fish has consistently failed to bite, he will have to turn to plant food. She, of course, not so tasty nourishing, like animals, but may over time to support the forces in distress. In the forest, especially in the summer and fall, you can always look for mushrooms, fruits, shrubs, edible roots, nuts, acorns, yagody.Nemalo in the forest trees and shrubs that provide edible fruits. These include mountain ash - small, up to 15 meters, the tree of the Rosaceae family, Read more [...]
In spring and summer shoots gentle, and easy to collect. Some can be eaten raw, but most little better cooked, especially kupenu, willow (willow-herb), cattail and fern. Wash them in clean water, remove, erase all the hairs and bristles, and cook in a small amount of water, so that they are mostly steamed. The leaves are rich in vitamins and minerals. Together with the young shoots, they are the easiest to procuring food source. Most will taste better if you cook them, but do not overcook them, not to destroy they contain vitamins C, E, K, and a large amount of vitamin A.
In some plants, the Read more [...]
This huge long grass (sometimes up to 4 m in height) are planted where you need to quickly create a green screen: near unsightly walls, fences, roadsides. True, this year "umbrella" dies, but spring back quickly grows. In winter, when the leaves on long, sturdy hollow stalks wither and fall off, the stalks are like the trunks of bamboo. They reach 3-4 cm in diameter at the ground and at a height of 1.5-2 cm of human growth. The leaves are large, alternate, in their places of attachment -. nodes - in hollow stem has a solid wall. Summer stalks green with reddish spots, dry stalks Read more [...]