Enemy number three: sugar

The third is our enemy - sugar. For more than half a century adherents natural therapy led by Dr. Birher-Benner of Zurich (Switzerland) argue that refined sugar causes caries teeth, and therefore exclude it from the diet. One hundred years ago caries the teeth are much less common than it is today, and even a half century ago. However, in 1900 there was not enough statistical data to draw the proper conclusions. Followers blamed natural therapy is that they are guided by the advice of old women, banning children treats, "because of their teeth fall out." One influential sugar company, Read more [...]
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To which group of mammals also include human beings?

Distant ancestor of man, apparently, eating grass and juicy vegetables. This is demonstrated not only the Bible, particularly the book "Genesis" of the Old Testament, but also the structure of the human gastrointestinal tract and some indirect evidence. Consider them. Let's start with a comparison of the teeth. Do we see a great predators, long and sharp canine teeth, poorly developed incisors and molars are pointed, not in contact with somknutyh'chelyustyah. That is well adapted teeth to grab, hold and tear prey food, not crush, chew or rub it in herbivores than sharp incisors, Read more [...]
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Eosinophilic granuloma of the jaws

By the nature of the clinical course and the localization of the pathological process are three forms of eosinophilic granuloma of jaws, each with different morphological features: 1) focal eosinophilic granuloma (Fig. 2) appears and develops in one of the sections of the branch and the body of the mandible, not capturing the alveolar process, and 2) diffuse eosinophilic granuloma  (Fig. 3), which began in the alveolar process in the future becomes diffuse, spreading to the body of jaw bones, and the lower jaw - and the branch, and 3) a generalized eosinophilic granuloma characterized by lesions Read more [...]
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Tires in dentistry

In the treatment of fractures of the jaw, dental injuries use a variety of tires. The most common and practical is Tooth wire bus (Figure 7). For the manufacture of aluminum wire must have a diameter of about 2 mm, ligature wire (bronze-aluminum or copper) with a diameter of 0.3-0.5 mm for mounting the tire to the teeth and tools: anatomical tweezers, tongs or pliers kramponnye, file. Fig. 7. Methods of immobilization of bone fragments wire tires fractures of the mandible: a - rostral teeth binding ligature wire (on the left - with the formation of additional loops Ivey, right - on direct twisting Read more [...]
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Fractures and dislocations of the jaw

To anomalies jaws are congenital malformations as a complete absence or hypoplasia of one or the other jaw, are the most common cleft palate. Abnormal development and growth depend on the jaw of hereditary factors (excessive development of the jaw), and damage zones of growth in injury, inflammation (underdeveloped jaw). In some forms of the anomalies changes the relationship of the teeth (see bite). Treatment of congenital malformations and growth mainly orthodontic jaw, sometimes you have to resort to complex osteoplastic operations. Broken jaw - Not uncommon and is 2% of all fractures of Read more [...]
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Tooth extractions and minor surgery in the maxillofacial region in patients with diseases

The literature describes cases of prolonged and heavy bleeding in patients with hematologic diseases after tooth extraction, opening abscesses, phlegmon and hematomas, tonsillectomy, appendectomy, amputated legs, bowel resection, and other surgical interventions (M. Dune, 1938, A. & . Makarenko, 1941 DD Lavrinenko, 1950 M. Dederer, 1961, Biggs et al., 1968, etc.). Due to the threat of bleeding, many surgeons perform surgery avoided in patients with diseases of the blood, which causes patients sometimes hide their disease (hemophilia, thrombocytopenic purpura disease, etc.). This often leads Read more [...]
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Long-term results of treatment of acute alveolitis in children

Published studies on long-term results of treatment of acute alveolitis in childhood, in the literature we have found. However, after acute alveolitis, as well as after other acute odontogenic diseases at the location are certain changes. A survey of 23 people in a period of 3 months to 9 years who had undergone in childhood acute alveolitis, showed that the changes identified in the lesion, due mainly to a place where local treatment. After conservative treatment for acute alveolitis (13 people), local changes are more pronounced than after combined or surgical. In patients who underwent conservative Read more [...]
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Anesthesia in outpatient dental practice

Severe tooth pain intensity due to the peculiarities of the neuro-receptor system of the tooth is a permanent impediment to the practitioner. One of the main reasons for late referral of patients to the dentist is the fear of the upcoming dental treatment because of pain treatment manipulations. In dental patients response to external stimuli, especially with acute salt, is quite different than in healthy people, which is not always taken into account by doctors. Despite the great success of Anesthesiology, dentists in their practice do not always use pain relievers, and often do not use them Read more [...]
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Treatment juxtahilar and follicular cysts in children and adolescents

If the question of treatment of cysts of jaws in adults is widely covered in the literature, the characteristics of surgery for jaw cysts in children paid much less attention. Methods of treatment of odontogenic cysts in children are caused by structural features of the jaw, the localization of the cyst, cystic shell connection with permanent tooth follicle. Some surgeons, dentists (TI Albany, 1939, AM Pimenov, 1954 A. Koval, 1960 KI Tatarintsev, 1965 S. O. Nikogosova, 1967) prefer kistotomii creating conditions for the preservation of follicles teeth. Korytny DL (1965), AV Mironyuk (1967), S. Read more [...]
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Treatment of jaw cysts in adults

In maxillofacial clinics indications for cystectomy and kistotomii defined differently. According to the digital data provided by AM Pimenov (1954), I. Ermolaeva (1964), EY Klyachko (1964), we can assume that the indications for kistotomii rather wide. However, EI Bocherikova (1955), I. Vasblat (1962), VA Marus (1965), S. Minkov (1967), pp. Nikogosova O. (1967), and others authors in the treatment of jaw cysts are mainly used cystectomy. If the 30-50's. XX century, along with cystectomy is still widely used various ways kistotomii (oral, nasal, and oronazalnaya oronazalnaya with maxillary Read more [...]
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Yadonosny machine and physical-chemical properties of the venom

Yadonosny apparatus consists of a serpent yadoprodutsiruyuschih glands, ducts and yadoprovodyaschih teeth. The most complex and complete yadonosny apparatus in viper (Viperidae) and yamkogolovyh (Crotalidae) snake. His teeth are mounted on a short maxillary bone can rotate, closing the mouth lie along the edge of the jaw back in disclosing lifted and take sheer, "fighting" position. For toxic uzheobraznyh snake (Colubridae) characteristic grooved teeth on the upper jaw backward, for aspidovyh (Elapidae) and marine (HydrophIIdae) snakes - short tubular fixed teeth in the front of the Read more [...]
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Caring for your dentures

It is known that the presence of oral or non-removable dentures substantially impairs cleaning teeth, as it creates favorable conditions for the deposition of soft plaque. On the other hand, the appearance of the mouth dentures suggests that part of the tooth is lost due to the existing dental disease. Therefore, in these conditions, a special and careful oral care. Yet studies have shown that only 25-26% of the users dentures regularly follow the rules of oral hygiene. The rest is produced from time to time, and often do not and all. Poor hygiene of the mouth can lead to an exacerbation or Read more [...]
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Exodontia

Extraction of teeth - teeth removal surgery. Indications for removal of teeth: inflammation at the apex, especially multi-rooted teeth, no cure; odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaw (to be removed causative tooth), The destruction of the tooth crown, if you can not use the root for the prosthesis, tooth mobility III degree with periodontitis, wrong location of the third molars (wisdom teeth), accompanied by frequent inflammation of the surrounding tissues (perikoronit) supercomplete misplaced teeth. In some cases, remove tooth on the recommendation of the dentist-orthopedist to make a full denture. Baby Read more [...]
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Experimental studies

Saxe et al. (1967) conducted experiments on 39 dogs were divided into two groups. Both groups for 18 months received the same caloric diet, but the food was of a group of soft consistency. Diagonally opposite quadrants dentition animals cleaned every other day. Every three months, the dogs examined and evaluated the hygienic condition of the mouth: the amount of food debris, the presence of plaque and inflammation in the periodontal tissues. Also measured the distance from chipping on the teeth to the gingival margin. During the experimental period in untreated animals jaw quadrants accumulated Read more [...]
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Chronic infections in athletes-5

Compared the data obtained from students of the Faculty of Physical Education (288) and other departments (432) of the same institute. The homogeneity of these groups is obvious - the age, climate, food, lifestyle and so on - it was all the same. They differ only in that the students of the Faculty of Physical Education doing sports training. It turned out that the students of physical education change tonsils combined with carious teeth occur 4 times more often (31.2% and 8.9%), and only change the tonsils without carious teeth - 2 times more likely than other students Faculties (respectively Read more [...]
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Caring for dentures

Can not ignore the issue of the care of dentures. Our results show that in most cases care for dentures is not correct and is therefore not achieved the desired effect. To study the state dentures we surveyed 752 people (aged 31-65 years), including 360 men and 392 women. Of these, complete dentures used 97 persons (194 prostheses), partial dentures - 655 (832 and 19 partial laminar clasp dentures). Total Viewed 1045 prostheses. The results of the study of the care of dentures are presented in Table. 40. Analysis of the data revealed the following. For removable dentures regularly courted Read more [...]
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Forensic setting age-1

The Criminal Procedure Code provides for mandatory examination to determine the age of the accused, the suspect and the victim, in cases where this is relevant to the case and the documents evidencing age, available (Article 79 Code of Criminal Procedure and the relevant articles of the Criminal Procedure Code of the other Union republics). The need to determine the age due to the fact that, in accordance with the requirements of a number of articles of the criminal and civil codes to achieve a particular age depends on the occurrence of certain legal consequences, in particular the issues of Read more [...]
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A forensic dentistry-3

According to the law, and possible removal expert, in particular, if the doctor is a party or a relative of one of the parties to the forensic investigation process (Article 59 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, and similar articles in the Criminal Procedure Code of the Union republics), or he is in the service according to them (Article 67 of the Code of Criminal Procedure and similar articles in the Union republics). Of expert activities dentist should give in cases considering the appropriate treatment, if he provided medical aid to the patient. In the procedural basis of forensic dental examination Read more [...]
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Dental instruments-1

Pages: 1 2Surgical dental instruments. Used to remove dental forceps (Fig. 20), the working of which is made by the anatomical basis, ie, cheeks match the shape of the teeth. In forceps to remove the upper cheek teeth are an extension handle (jaws), while the lower jaw pliers they are perpendicular to the handles, so these are often called beak pliers. In forceps for removing teeth with intact crown, cheeks are not in contact with each other; tongs with convergent cheeks remove badly damaged teeth and roots. To remove teeth and roots are used as elevators (Fig. 21), consisting of a working Read more [...]
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Sugar and dental caries

In mammals, the teeth are the same as in humans, but the wildlife is no decay. Caries - The acquisition of a purely human. What does a person such punishment? In this case, the unanimous opinion of the scientists. Major role in the defeat of teeth caries belongs carbohydrates, especially refined white sugar. That sucrose - the culprit for tooth decay. Using saliva invertase splits sucrose into glucose and fructose with the subsequent formation of lactic acid - energy source, allowing the development of microbe Streptococcus mutans. Streptococcus in turn interferes with the process of decomposition Read more [...]
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