## Influence of desert terrain on military operations

AT desert areas it is a very rare network of dirt and highways. Dirt roads (more precisely, caravan routes) Highways usually run along the outskirts of the desert…

## Symbols on a topographic map of the area: the main types

Symbols of the map or plan are a kind of their alphabet, according to which they can be read, learn the nature of the terrain, the presence of…

## How to find the right road in an unfamiliar area, what to do if you get lost in the forest, search for the road and exit to people in an emergency or extreme situation.

The success of finding settlements and people in an emergency depends on many reasons. This is the ability to navigate the terrain, find the road, correctly detect signs…

## How Adrianov’s compass is arranged, how to use it to navigate the terrain, determine the sides of the horizon, the azimuth of the direction to the object, the desired direction for movement.

The most widespread in the past tense was the Adrianova compass. It consists of a round box in which the magnetic needle rotates on the tip of the…

## The basics of orientation on the terrain, point and linear landmarks, the choice of landmarks at night and in conditions of limited visibility, in winter and in desert-steppe terrain.

Orienteering is to be able to determine your location and the desired direction of further movement relative to the sides of the horizon, surrounding local objects and relief…

## How to determine the height of terrain points from a topographic map, their mutual visibility, the number of firewood, how many cubic meters of forest grows on a hectare and how much water is in the river.

The topographic map of the heights of points above sea level (absolute heights) is determined using horizontal marks. If the point is located horizontally, then the task is…

## Simple methods for determining the width of a river, other local object or site, determining the range of the visible horizon.

Determining the width of a river, other local object or site, for example a large ravine, is as follows. The observer becomes at the starting point A. For…

## Construction of a sleeping place in the form of a platform on a hill between three trees, when spending the night in a swampy area.

If before nightfall you are unlikely to reach the coast and there is a high probability that you will have to spend the night in a swampy area,…

## Orientation during the inspection of the terrain from a helicopter, map preparation, general and detailed orientation in flight.

The objects of the terrain survey from a helicopter are mainly routes planned for the movement of troops, new position areas, the formed areas of destruction and flooding. …

## Orienteering, nature and methods, topographic and tactical orientation.

Orienteering includes determining your location relative to the sides of the horizon and distinguished terrain objects (landmarks), maintaining a given or selected direction of movement, and clarifying the…