The fourth property

One young man, by profession photographer, early after the furnace damper closed and went to bed. Feeling carbon odor roommates suspicious and knocked on the bathroom photographer. No one answered. When broke down the door, the photographer was already unconscious and almost pulseless. It was poisoning carbon monoxide, the gas that is formed during the incomplete burning of coal. Ambulance ugorevshego rushed to the hospital. Consciousness he is still missing. The heart was still beating. Doctors released the victim about a glass of blood, and then poured into 400 cubic centimeters, or, as Read more [...]
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Part for the whole

One person was taken to the hospital, which fell into the pot of boiling water. He had been burned back and legs. It was the third-degree burns, very heavy. Barely palpable pulse, the heart does not work. This man made a transfusion immediately. But in a glass "vial of life" was not dark liquid, not blood, and clear liquid, slightly yellowish, amber hue. The patient was not blood transfusion and blood plasma. It was necessary to do so? Yes, the doctors acted in this case is absolutely correct. For burns in the affected areas, there are heavy ichor, or, in the language of science, Read more [...]
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Lesson on blood transfusion

The task of the lesson: to give the students the concept of blood groups in humans, introduce a blood transfusion, its use and value, Equipment. Demonstration material: tables, "blood", "blood of man." LESSON PLAN 1. Repetition, and testing. Individual sealed survey. 2. Learning new material. Blood group. Transfusion of blood. Its use in medicine. Story teachers and demonstration of Blood. 3. Consolidation. Regulation of blood transfusion. Drafting table. LESSON The teacher calls on several students. One draws on the board composition of erythrocytes and leukocytes, and Read more [...]
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Destruction of specificity

As you can see, a lot of blood-substituting. But hematologists, specialists in blood, still looking for new substitutes. This is explained by the fact that blood transfusion in one form or another is becoming more common in medical practice. Beneficent role of transfusion extends their application in medicine. This requires, of course, increase blood supplies. But these reserves are not unlimited. Hence, we need blood products. However, not all alternatives can be considered full. Many of them replaced blood only to a small extent. Meanwhile, next to us there is a huge source of valuable Read more [...]
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Professor solution

Imagine a large hospital in a large city - any institution ambulance. Go to adoptive rest of the institution, and you will see that there is almost continuous need medical attention. Door admissions during the day opened many times. Includes ministers from the ambulance stretcher. In some patients, lying on a stretcher, still warm or fading life, or is it just faded away. Now imagine a long troublesome day. He brings a lot of a doctor's office, doctors in wards and doctors offices, and assistants, and professors, governing all this work. And late on delivering a person hurt themselves Read more [...]
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Blood transfusion-2

Immunotransfuziya - Transfusion of blood collected from donors who have had measles, scarlet fever, typhoid fever, polio, and have acquired immunity to these diseases. The blood of people who have suffered extensive burns, used to treat burnt. Geterotransfuziya - Transfusion of blood of animals. As well as blood transfusion inogruppnoy, geterotransfuziya is blood transfusion in the fullest sense. Rather, they appear to be annoying methods of therapy. Blood of animals at low doses (5 to 10 ml) is sometimes used to stimulate chronic sepsis, weak healing wounds, poorly absorbable infiltrates. Read more [...]
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Blood transfusion-1

Residual blood in the vial after the transfusion of stored in the refrigerator for days. With complications of the blood sent for testing. Do not be a blood transfusion from one bottle to two or more patients because of possible complications and transfusion transmission (especially infectious hepatitis) from a sick patient. Can not be a blood transfusion from the open flasks and mugs (contamination of blood during transfusion). It is strictly forbidden to use the previously unopened vials. Produced transfusion Blood documented in the medical record in a special register, indicating the results Read more [...]
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Blood transfusions for children

Transfusion blood of children is made with the same goals as adults. Often not transfused whole blood, and some of its components (serum or plasma, red blood cells, etc.). Transfusion Blood is widely used in surgical operations, as well as acute blood loss anemia of various etiologies, blood diseases, hemorrhagic diathesis, malnutrition, septic conditions, hypoproteinemia, etc. Transfusion plasma shown in toxemia, coma, jaundice, malabsorption syndrome. Exchange transfusion of blood is the main method of treatment of hemolytic disease of the newborn (see). In severe forms of exchange transfusion Read more [...]
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Blood transfusion

Fig. 1. Closed method of preserving blood in vials TSOLIPK-1. Blood transfusion (Synonymous with blood transfusion) - introduction to the patient (recipient) blood of another person (the donor) with curative intent (to stop bleeding, blood loss and replacement, etc.). Blood transfusion widespread after the differences in blood group, developing ways to harvesting, conservation and storage. Blood Conserve by adding a substance that prevent its clotting (anticoagulants) - most often acidic sodium citrate and ANTI drugs such rivanol, chloramphenicol. The USSR used mainly solutions TSOLIPK: № Read more [...]
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A bit of history

Even in the most remote times thought about the possibility to master the healing effects of blood occupied the minds and imaginations of people. The famous ancient physician Hippocrates believed that the blood of healthy people and healthy contains "soul." Pope Innocent VIII in the late XV century doctors treated a drink, the main component of which was human blood. 400 years ago there was a "theory," which says that if people can be brave, generous, if they pour blood those who are brave and kind. But the first transfusion blood from one person to another, or - to put it in Read more [...]
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Scientific achievement

In 1919, our country was a civil war. American, British and other invaders army invaded the Soviet Russia. The position of the young Soviet republic was very heavy. Plants and factories stopped due to lack of raw materials and fuel. Power plants provide energy with huge disruptions. There was not enough food. I had to work in unheated spaces. At this time, a young surgeon, now a professor and member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR Vladimir Shamov, all free of medical activity hours spent in the laboratory for test tubes and microscope. Everyone who refused her persistent requests, Read more [...]
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Living laboratory-2

All this can be understood only on one condition, that the processes of immunity depends on the governing participation in the nervous system. Such an interpretation that a crucial, central role in immunity is the nervous system, has been called "neurogenic theory." It should be considered the most complete and, therefore, the most accurate. It is entirely based on the teachings of the great physiologist Ivan Pavlov. This does not mean, of course, that in this way there is no value or phagocytosis of protective substances in the phenomena of immunity. But the effect of these elements Read more [...]
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Two properties of blood

The architect made simultaneously with the operation of a blood transfusion. Without blood transfusion it would be saved, even the most brilliant operation. After opening the damaged vessel took so much blood that was approaching paralysis of the respiratory center and threatened to stop the heart. Blood of Others brought food and oxygen to vital areas of the patient and this has prevented deadly. However, it was restored and the so-called blood pressure in the arteries, which is extremely important for the cardiovascular system. Blood of Others Replaces izlivshuyusya in gastrointestinal cavity Read more [...]
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A second chance

I must say that in the first years following the appearance of the papers of the agglutinating properties of the blood, the doctors did not pay attention to them almost no attention. Conclusions from the study of blood groups did only forensic experts. Them these blood groups are very helpful. Why? Because they made it possible to compare the blood agglutination dead with blood found on the clothing of the person, in which suspected killer. Since the phenomenon of agglutination method was forensics. Only a few years later began to appear in the medical press reports that it is necessary to examine Read more [...]
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Complications of blood transfusion

Blood transfusions can lead to the development of reactions and complications. Reactions occur fever, chills, headache, some distress. Taken to distinguish between three types of reactions: mild (increase t ° to 38 °, some shakes), High (t ° to 39 °, more pronounced chill, small headache) and severe (t ° rise above 40 °, sharp chills, nausea ). For reactions characteristic brevity of their (few hours, sometimes longer), and no abnormalities in the vital organs. Therapeutic interventions is that a symptomatic of: heart, drugs, hot water bottles, bed rest. When reactions are allergic in Read more [...]
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Surgical technique ligation major uterine vessels

Surgical technique ligation major uterine vessels is this: in the lumen of the uterus tighten the abdominal wall incision to get the best access to the major blood vessels that feed the last one. Then successively on both sides tied a. uterinae just above the internal os. To avoid capture ligature ureter uterus strongly pulled in the appropriate direction. To ovarian arteries ligation imposed by catgut ligatures ligament of the ovary, uterus directly at the corners on both sides. Along with stopping bleeding from the uterus should be immediately combined treatment to eliminate acute emerged Read more [...]
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Methods of treatment with placenta previa

Treatment of patients with placenta previa should be individualized. In some cases, allowed conservative treatment, others require immediate surgical intervention. If a pregnant woman bleeding effect on the general condition, the means and methods used to end and prevent rebleeding. However, conservative treatments are permissible only under the condition of constant medical supervision. So pregnant with suspected placenta previa, should be sent to the hospital, where she was always possible to provide appropriate assistance. Timely hospitalization is necessary also because the hospital environment Read more [...]
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