Gold fish have helped scientists understand the role of natural selection in the tumor

Russian scientists have discovered the world's first evidence of artificial selection for a benign tumor. It is an aquarium goldfish, which are brought in China 1500 years ago. Some of them are amazingly beautiful species by red cap on his head. That it is particularly valued by collectors.What kind of education? How did they get there? For a long time it remained a mystery. But here is research professor of the St. Petersburg State University of Andrei Kozlov and MD Mark Zabezhinsky gave the answer to this question. They managed to prove that the cap - a benign tumor. - We first described Read more [...]
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Rhode TELEKIA Baumg. — Telecom.

T. speciosa (Schreb.) Baumg. - Herbaceous perennial up to 200 cm high. Distribution: European part (north-west), the Caucasus. Contains seskviterpeioidy (in Hi seskvnterpenovye including lactones), mono-, di-, and triterpenoids, alkaloids, flavonoids, carbohydrates, acyclic poliatsetileiovye Comm., And phenols efnry n fatty acids established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 1% fatty oil. Discovered vitamins tocopherols. Drug (podz. hours). Indications - diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: for boils, tumors: tumors. In the experiment, the amount of sesquiterpenoids exhibits Read more [...]
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Rhode RAPHANUS L. — Radish.

Odnoletnnkn or herbaceous perennials to 80 cm high. Propagation: All. Contain flavonoids, thioglycosides, and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil from the seeds of 32.8% R. raphanistrum L. Drug (R. raphanistrum). Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the hypo stomach diseases of skin and subcutaneous fat: with skin diseases, diseases of the immune system: rheumatism, tumors: tumors, diseases of the nervous system: at the lumbo-sacral bone-tion sciatica - the seeds. In the experiment, R. raphanistrum exhibits antibacterial activity against Gram-positive Read more [...]
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Rhode JASIONE L. — BUKASHNIK.

J. montana L. - Biennial 20-40 cm high. Distribution: European part. Flavonoids and carbohydrates established structure. Marked tannins. Detected alkaloids, coumarins, saponins. Drug (nadz. hours). Those therapeutically effect - normalizing metabolism, haemostatic. Indications - pain: headaches, arthritic pain, gastralgia, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with skin diseases, diathesis in children, diseases of the reproductive system: the women's diseases, diseases of the digestive system: for stomach cramps, mental illness: the neurosis in children and metabolic diseases: Read more [...]
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Rhode ATRACTYLODES DC. — Atractylodis.

A. ovata (Thunb.) DC. - Herbaceous perennial, 40-60 cm high. Distribution: The Far East. Sesquiterpenoids contains carbohydrates and established structure. Highlighted the essential oil, fatty oil and rubber. Found coumarins. Drug (podz. hours). Therapeutic action - antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, diaphoretic, analgesic, appetite stimulant, tonic. Indications - infections / infestations: pulmonary tuberculosis, leprosy, measles, smallpox, dysentery, diseases of the musculoskeletal system: arthritis, diseases of the nervous system: the fatigue, diseases of the immune system: rheumatism, Read more [...]
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Rhode CETERACH Willd. — Groomer.

S. officinarum Willd. - Herbaceous perennial 5-20 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus. Contains triterpenoids, flavonoids and phenolic acids and their esters established structure. Marked tannins. Drug (leaves). Therapeutic action - expectorant, astringent, lactogenic. Indications - tumors: tumors in the spleen, kidneys, bladder, throat cancer, malignant ulcers, diseases of the reproductive system: the infiltration of the uterus, kidney and urinary tract: urolithiasis, kidney, bladder, diseases of the blood and of blood: for diseases of the spleen, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with Read more [...]
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Rhode PARTHENOCISSUS Planch. — The Maiden grapes.

Woody vines up to 20 m long. Distribution: The Far East. Data are available for P. tricuspidata (Siebold et Zucc.) Planch, in A. DC. et C. DC. Flavonoids (including anthocyanins, leucoanthocyans), phytosterols, stilbenes, carbohydrates and higher fatty acids, higher alcohols, aliphatic hydrocarbons, and an established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil 2B% from seeds. Drug (branch). Therapeutic action - haemostatic. Indications - tumors: tumors. Environmental significance. Ornamental. Needs to be protected. Read more [...]
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Rhode NASTURTIUM R. Br. — Watercress.

N. officinale W. T. Aiton - herbaceous perennial to 60 cm high. Distribution: European part, Caucasus. Thioglycosides contains sulfur and other Comm., And nitrogen Comm. higher fatty acids and established structure. Isolated mustard oil to 0.1% of oversight. hours, fixed oil to 24% NZ seeds. Detected alkaloids, saponins, vitamins C and E. Drug (nadz. hours). Therapeutic action - a laxative, diuretic, stimulating appetite. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the gallstones, liver, gall bladder, indigestion, kidney and urinary tract: in diseases of the urinary bladder, pyelonephritis, Read more [...]
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Rhode ANAPHALIS DC. — ANAFALIS.

Herbaceous perennials and 60 cm high. Distribution: The Far East. Information available for A. margaritacea (L.) Benth. et Hook. f. It contains flavonoids, chalcones, and acyclic and heterocyclic poliatsetileiovye Comm. established structure. Isolated rubber. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant, astringent, healing wounds. Indications - tumors: tumors. Toxicity. Exhibits insecticidal activity against American cockroaches: water extract of Hopes. h Environmental significance. Ornamental. Read more [...]
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ILEX L. Rhode — Holly.

Shrubs up to 2.5 m high. Distribution: Caucasus, the Far East. Triterpeioidy contain alkaloids, flavonoids (including anthocyanins) and higher fatty acid ustaiovleiioy structure. Kardeiolidy found. Medicinal. Those pa n e t a ch e s to th action - tonic, car-diotonicheskoe, antiseptic - the leaves of I. rugosa F. Schmidt. Indications - tumors: tumors, pain: for toothache - the fruits of I. rugosa. In the experiment, leaves I. rugosa possess hypotensive, triterpene glycosides I. crenata Thunb. - Anti-allergic (Kakuno, Yoshi-kawa, Arihara, 1991). Environmental significance. Decorative: Read more [...]
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Rhode FERULOPSIS Kitag. — FERULOPSIS.

F. hystrix (Bunge) Pimenov (syn. Peucedanum hystrix Bunge, Phlojodicarpus turczaninovii Sipl.)-herbaceous perennial to 30 cm high. Distribution: West (South) Mr East Siberia (south).

Contains coumarins (including furokumariny), flavonoids, and moioterpeioidy fitosteri-HN ustaiovleiioy structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.7% of iadz. Found seskviterpeioidy hours.

Medicinal. Indications — tumors: tumors. In the experiment, the amount of coumarin shows tuberculostatic and antifungal activity.

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Rhode AEGILOPS L. — Aegilops.

Annuals 7-50 cm high. Distribution: European part (south) and the Caucasus. Contain lignans, coumarins, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids and their esters established structure. Discovered flavonoids, vitamins: tocopherols. Patient (A. neglecta Req. Ex Bertol.). Those therapeutically effect - anthelmintic, laxative - fruit. Indications - eye disease: in diseases of the eye - Hopes. h, infections / infestations: the smallpox - fruits; tumors: tumors - results. Stern. For livestock: A. neglecta. Read more [...]
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Rhode SALICORNIA L. — Salicornia.

Annuals 5-50 cm high. Distribution: Arctic (Kanin Peninsula), the European part, the Caucasus, Western-called Eastern Siberia, the Far East (south-east). Information available for S. europaea L. Flavonoids (including ieoflavonoidy, anthocyanins), chromones, steroids (including phytosterols), alkaloids to 0.1% in the underground. hours, other nitrogen Comm., carbohydrates, and higher fatty acid established structure. Marked tannins. Found glycerides. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a laxative, diuretic, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the hypo Read more [...]
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Rhode OPHRYS L. — Ophrys.

Herbaceous perennials and 40 cm high. Distribution: European part, Caucasus. Contain flavonoids (including anthocyanins in H) and nitrogen Comm., Phenolic clay kozidy and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Highlighted the essential oil. Found seskviterpenondy, alkaloids. Medicinal. Indications - tumors: tumors - Subtitle. Part A. insectifera L Read more [...]
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Rhode SCANDIX L. — SKANDIKS.

Annuals 8-40 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus. Contain flavonoids, coumarins, mono-and griterpenoidy, phytosterols, and phenols, esters, higher fatty acids, aliphatic aldehydes and ketones established structure. Highlighted the essential oil and fatty oil up to 7% of the fruits of S. pecten-veneris L detected poliatsetileiovye Comm. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant - S. pecten-veneris, S. stellata Banks et Sol., laxative, diuretic - S. stella-ta. Indications - diseases of the respiratory system: respiratory infections - S. stellata; tumors: tumors - S. pecten-veneris. In the Read more [...]
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Rhode HIPPURIS L. — HVOSTNIK.

Aquatic herbaceous perennials 12-45 cm high. Propagation: All. Contain flavonoids (including anthocyanins in H), coumarins, and phenolic acids established structure. Found alkaloids. Drug (H. vulgaris L.). Those pa n and EBT tical to e action - anti-inflammatory, wound healing, astringent, antipyretic - Hopes. hours Statement - injury: for bruises - leaves, diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - Hopes. h; tumors: tumors - the leaves. Stern. For waterfowl, cattle, axis deer, goats: N. vulgaris. Read more [...]
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