What is tetanus?
Tetanus is a disease of the skeletal muscles and generalized convulsions. It is a bacillus of the bacillus. These spores are very resistant, in addition, for 2 hours. When it comes to favorable conditions (anaerobic environment, humidity, temperature 37 ° C), spores germinate into vegetative forms, which produce the strongest tetanus toxins. Only botulinum toxin is poisonous.
The source of the infection is the herbivores, birds and the tetanus bacillus enters the external environment. Human body through skin or mucous membranes (burns, frostbite, wounds, bites, etc.). There are cases of infection with tetanus bacillus falling into the umbilical wound. Cases of transmission are not recorded.
It is an extremely high susceptibility to the causative agent of tetanus. In patients with immunity is not formed. It is not necessary for the formation of immunity. High-risk groups, especially high-risk groups, high-risk groups, high-risk groups and high-risk groups.
Symptoms of tetanus
It can be used for a period of one month. The hardest time of death.
It has been recorded that it has been recorded by indisposition, headache, tension and muscle twitching at the site of injury. There are signs of a pulling, even in a healing wound. It is possible to suspect tetanus are:
- Trismism (convulsive contraction) of the masticatory muscles, leading to difficulty opening the mouth;
- The so-called sardonic smile that gives the face a viciously mocking expression (wrinkled forehead, narrowed eyes, lips stretched into a smile);
- Dysphagia (swallowing disorder), which leads to a painful difficulty of the pharyngeal;
- Stiff neck.
Tetanus combination for the first three symptoms. In this case, it is not clear that there is no other meningeal symptom, there is no other meningeal symptoms. It also distinguishes tetanus from other diseases.
There are no limits on the size of the hands and feet. Relaxation does not occur, even in sleep. From 3–3 days of the disease, it can be rapid and shallow. Process of the perineum, which leads to a violation of urine and bowel movements. It can be seen that you can stick your hand. under it (support on the back of the head and heels).
As a result, patients periodically have tetanic convulsions, most often provoked by visual, auditory or tactile stimuli. In the case of mild disease, 1–2 seizures per day are observed. In severe cases, the seizures can be repeated over the course of an hour, becoming longer.
The period from 7 to 10-14 days of illness is considered the most dangerous for the life of the patient. At this time, it can lead to severe inxication of the body, respiratory and cardiac abnormalities may occur, which can be fatal.
For the past 4 weeks. Full recovery of the body occurs in 1.5-2 months after the onset of the disease.
Tetanus can only be treated in hospital. It is necessary to exclude the patient from the auditory, visual and tactile stimuli. Food of patients is made through a gastrointestinal tract – parenterally. Prevention of the formation of pressure sores is necessary.
In order to neutralize the tetanus toxin in the blood, it is administered once intramuscularly (the dosage is determined by the doctor in each particular case). The earlier effect will be.
It is widely disseminated and it is widely spread. Subsequently, preparations containing proteolytic enzymes (Chymotrypsin, Trypsin, etc.) are commonly used for wound healing.
Sedative and narcotic drugs and muscle relaxants are used to combat convulsive syndrome. For respiratory disorders, artificial respiration is performed. If necessary, a catheter is inserted into the rectum.
Prevention of bacterial complications is carried out with the help of antibiotics. To combat dehydration and intoxication, detoxification therapy is carried out.
There is a risk that during the process of the treatment of the disease, it can be observed.
Specific prevention of tetanus is carried out routinely or urgently. It was a 1–1.5 year, followed by a revaccination every 10 years, according to the national immunization schedule.
It is a fatal disease. , etc. In addition to the administration of drugs for vaccination, wounds are thoroughly treated. It is carried out in the case of the infection.
All patients with tetanus are at the dispensary observation for 2 years.
Tetanus. How to identify, recover and protect yourself?