Consciousness of their helplessness, hopelessness of the situation may seem to the tourist. Often, the seeming uniformity of the situation – the terrain, the silhouettes of the trees – misleads a person, and he begins to move in a circle, but suspecting his mistake. Indeed, it seems to a person that he is going straight, without turning anywhere. There should be a destination, and the forest still stretches and stretches, as if it had no end.
However, it must be borne in mind that the right leg is slightly shorter than the left, and therefore, when walking, a person imperceptibly deviates to the right. So we get a vicious circle. So how in an extreme situation to correctly identify the countries of the world? There are many ways and techniques. In clear, cloudless weather, you can navigate the sun, moon, stars. And what to do if the sky is covered in dense clouds?
Do not despair. The main thing is to keep calm and self-confidence. Take a close look around. In the forest and in the swamp there must be living compasses, which will show the right path. Here is a forest glade. Mighty pines surround her. Pay attention to tree trunks. On them are visible gummy resin. On one side there are much more such amber droplets.
This is because the hot rays of the sun came here, under the influence of heat, the resin was released more intensively here. So, the resinous natki point to the south. However, one should not rely on only one sign. There may be all sorts of exceptions. Therefore, carefully examine the pine trunk again. On it from the earth itself and almost to the crown stretches a dark vertical strip. This section of the cortex is always wetter than others, and therefore more noticeable.
The fact is that during rain the surface of the bark gets wet at the same time, but the trunk dries unevenly. There is more heat on the south side – there, and moisture evaporates faster. On the north side, the bark is in the shade. Consequently, the vertical strip faces north..
In early spring, when nature is just awakening from winter sleep, sap flow begins in many trees. In places of damage or from cracks, it protrudes outward. As a rule, this phenomenon is observed from the sunny side, which was more exposed to rays and where the juice moved more intensively. Especially noticeable such smudges in the maple platanifolia (holly).
Tourists more than once had to try the sweet, slightly tart juice of this tree, which is found almost everywhere in broad-leaved forests. Sometimes the maple trunk is wet on one side. So, here lies the southern direction. Examine also the bark of oaks, lindens, maples, birches. On the one hand it is smooth, and on the other it is rough, darker. Where the crust is coarser, there will be north. Well it is noticeable on aspen, poplar.
The bark on the south side is white, clean, and on the north side it is densely covered with cracks, outgrowths, dark spots. At the base, the trees are thickly overgrown with moss and lichen, where they are not reached by the sun’s rays. The lonely standing tree on the south side has larger crowns, the leaves are larger than those facing north. This sign, however, is not acceptable for a group of trees. In such cases, the crown is thicker where there are no obstacles to its development..
A stump standing in a clearing is not only a convenient place to relax. Take a closer look at it. On one side of the stump, the grass is taller, juicier, and on the other, lower. This is easy to explain. The grass located in the sun receives more light, heat, and therefore develops faster. This is observed in spring and early summer. And at the end of summer, on the contrary, the grass on the north side will be noticeably fresher and greener than on the south, facing the burning sun.
Grass is also an indicator of the countries of the world in those cases when it grows in an open area near pillars, bushes, boulders, and other objects: on the north side it looks fresher, although it is shorter. More dense grass cover will be on the northern outskirts of the meadow. In beams, ravines, the grass burns out faster on the sunny side, and on the sunflower (northern) side it continues to turn green even in great heat. Living compasses in the forest, in the field, in the meadow are many plants. Knowledge of their “behavior” will help tourists in orientation.