When hunting for a fox, as well as a wolf or other animal, it is important to distinguish the fox tracks on the snow, the trajectory of its movement, the duration of passage, as well as its imprints on the snow surface of different structures. In addition, with the help of footprints is a record of foxes. The habitats of this animal are sparse forests, fields, river valleys. An inexperienced hunter will come to the aid of a photo where the fox tracks in the snow are seen most clearly.
- Fox tracks in winter
- 2Fixes tracks in the snow: how to know the behavior
- 3Differences from other animals
- 4 Foxes tracks in the snow: video
Fox tracks in winter
On fine, dense snow, you can clearly see the fox prints: the pads of the two front fingers are slightly pulled forward, and the prints of the two outer fingers are behind them, clasping them with their claws on the sides. The prints of the front paws differ from the hind ones in that the first ones have a concave crumb and the second ones are convex. The fox footprint is 6.5 cm long and 5 cm wide. The path of the tracks is a straight track with a step length of 30 to 40 cm.
From the prints of the fox paws, one can determine the duration of the animal’s progress. This is necessary in order not to follow the fox in vain along the old trail and not to set traps on paths where it will no longer pass. By touch it can be determined whether the depression of the track in the snow was covered with a thin crust from wind and frost, or not yet. For sure to be guided by the time of passage of the animal, experience is needed. It can be gained by experimenting, for example, by walking a dog. Every day, you can compare the traces left by her for the current hour and after the day, their density, shape, so that later, being in the forest, it is unmistakable to determine what time ago the animal passed along the path. If the track to the touch does not practically differ from the rest of the snow surface, the fox passed here recently, not more than two hours ago. If the trail was already hardened and crusted, the animal could have gone far enough. Another simple way to check the age of the trace: you need to divide it with a thin sprig. If the snow in the print is easily divided, it is fresh, and if not, then the duration of the print is at least one day. In addition, by eye it is possible to determine its prescription: if the relief of the print is clear, it means that it is fresh, and if it has blurred boundaries and whitish, then the print is already old.
By fox prints, you can determine which way it went. [/ Wpmfc_cab_ss]
A careful study of the print can be seen that on one side of the wall of the recess is steeper, which means that the animal was moving in this direction. This is explained by the fact that animals raise their paws vertically, and it drops, dragging a little through the snow, so the front part of the groove of the track is steeper and the back part is flat.
Traces of a fox in the snow: how to know the behavior
Carefully considering the prints belonging to the fox, you can determine its behavior and the nature of the step. Regular jogging or large trot leaves an even line of tracks at the same distance from each other (30-40 centimeters), the grooves being strict and symmetrical. If the fox is in search of prey, its path will consist of winding trails, multiple visits, jabs, bogs, etc. If the animal goes a long distance, or when the rut period arrives, the character of the track changes to a trot with a double, while its usual straight chain doubles, turning into a series of parallel prints, in which one of them can grab the edge of the other. deep, loose snow, the fox goes to a gallop, the length of the steps is about two meters with four prints of all the paws left, with one line of two hindlines and traces of the front side.
When pursuing a prey, an animal can go quarry, or stretched at a gallop, while the prints of all four paws are dispersed with more pronounced at the hind legs, which the fox throws forward like a hare. It is very easy to determine where the animal is going.
The wake of the saturated fox, which went to the bed, is distinguished by a small distance between the steps, straightness, which makes it easy to track it. It often happens that the fox’s path goes on the hare’s path. In this case, you must try to hunt the animal along the trail until you find a way out on fox tracks.
On dry and deep snow, it is difficult to understand the direction of the moving animal, since the ends of the paws are practically invisible. In such cases, you need to rely on the fact that all animals, moving at a trot or step, have an imprint with a drag and a rest. They help to understand which direction the fox is moving in, since the dragging remains after it draws a short line in the snow when it takes out a paw from the fossa of the track to take the next step. When an animal puts its paw on the snow, it leaves a scroll – a long line on it. A short line from the track helps to understand the direction of movement of the animal.
If a path in deep snow turns out to be such that when volovok and bowing are mixed into a solid line, this makes it difficult to determine the direction of the animal. In this case, you need to look at other signs that help to understand the direction, for example, with twigs or blades of grass along the fox path, lines on the snow surface can be left. By the direction in which they ducked under the weight of the body of the animal, you can determine the direction of movement. This technique allows you to determine the direction of not only foxes, but also any other animal.
It is much easier to determine the direction of the fox in the snow that was formed when it jumps over bumps or other obstacles. The prints lead to the direction in which the snow lumps showered.
Differences from other animals
To confuse fox prints with wolves is almost impossible, since they are too different in size. But they can be confused with the imprints of a small dog. In comparison with them, the fox trace is more slender and symmetrical. To understand for sure, the dog has passed through the snow or a fox, you can put a match across the track between the prints of the front pads and the rear. If the track is doggy, a visual straight line is not formed, since the rear fingerprints will protrude beyond the front edge. At the fox trace, you can draw a visual straight line between the pads of two front and rear fingers. By the nature of the path left by the fox, you can immediately distinguish it from the dog: jumps differ in length up to four meters, there are abrupt stops, throws in any direction at a right angle . The dog does not have such ease and flexibility of movement.