What are the types of fires: their purpose and method of breeding

Every person who happened to be on a hunt, fishing, or a regular camping trip had to face a campfire. Of course, it is better to know the basics and the rules of its cultivation, because there are different types of fires depending on its purpose, as well as the method of laying logs and branches. Once in the woods in winter, you need to keep in mind that you need to make a fire different from the one that was kindled in the summer, because there were other conditions. About what types of fires are and their purpose will be discussed further.

  • Types of fires and their purpose
    • 1.1 Shalash
    • 1.2 Well
    • 1.3 Taiga
    • 1.4 Finnish candle
    • 1.5Nodis
    • 1.6 Fireplace
    • 1.7Polynesian
    • 1.8 Star
    • 1.9 gun
    • 1.10 Pyramid
  • 2Types of fires OBZH
    • 2.1 Smoke
    • 2.2Pioneer
  • 3Types of fires and what they are used for.

Types of fires and their purpose

Types of fires and their purpose

Consider the known types of fires and the differences between them:

Hut

Hut

The most common type of campfire in hiking trips is when the logs are folded at an angle to the center, and the logs burn rather quickly in the middle in the upper part, collecting the main coals in the center. This kind of good for fast cooking in field conditions, warming up the kettle. It is not suitable for warming at night, since the main heat is concentrated in the middle in one place.

Well

Well

It differs from the “tent” in that it allows you to cook food in several containers at the same time. Its construction consists of two long logs arranged parallel to each other at a short distance, across which two more logs are placed on top. Thus, the design is laid out to achieve the required height. Cooking several dishes at the same time is possible due to the fact that the necessary access of oxygen and a uniform spread of fire along the length of the wood are provided. It should be borne in mind that this kind is better to kindle in calm weather, because otherwise the fire will spread unevenly.

Taiga

Taiga

If you need to make a fire that will burn all night, giving off a large amount of heat, a taiga fire will be a suitable option. For its construction will need two rows of thick long logs, each of which must be placed on 2 or 3 logs. These rows should intersect at a slight angle directly above the coals. Moreover, the first row should be laid with a dense arrangement of logs to each other on the coal, and the second above it at an angle. The burning of logs is achieved along their entire length, but the main part of the heat falls on their intersection.

Finnish candle

Finnish candle

The purpose of the “candle” campfire is to warm up water for tea or cooking in hunting, fishing, or camping during a short break. Such a fire is not able to heat a large area around it, because the heat is concentrated in its very center. For its construction is used log, the top of which is cut into 6-8 parts, depending on its thickness. Inside the split is placed a tinder with logs and kindled. The candle is able to burn for about eight hours, emitting a uniform comfortable heat around it on a small area. This species is suitable for breeding in warm dry weather, since the group does not need strong heating, and the fire is safe for the environment.

Nodia

Nodia

Nodia can heat a group of people during a hike throughout the night without adding wood, even in winter at low temperatures. It consists of three thick and long logs of at least two or three meters in length. For ignition, the nodi use coals obtained during the ignition of a regular fire, which is bred nearby. They are poured on the entire length of one laid out log, which is covered from above with brushwood or fir branches. When they break out, two more of them are put on both sides of the first log. In order for them to quickly engage in fire, you need to make notches with an ax and roll this side into the fire. When they light up, another log is laid on top with notches to the fire. Logs with a diameter of more than 40 cm can burn throughout the night.

Fireplace

Fireplace

The “fireplace” is also used to heat the night camp. It provides long-term burning of logs, since its design is such that as the lower logs burn, the upper ones roll and start to burn. The design of the “fireplace” consists of four short logs that are stacked in the form of a well, and a wall with a height of two logs is laid out on one of its sides. To keep them, two pegs are driven in with a tilt outward. In process of combustion of logs in “well”, those which are in “wall” roll down. Directly fire itself is bred inside the “well”.

Polynesian

Polynesian

The Polynesian bonfire is most often used in the rain when the weather is wet and wet. To construct a structure, it is necessary to make a cone-shaped pit, tapering downwards, to a depth of one meter. The walls of the pit are laid out with logs, and a fire is made at the bottom. The Polynesian campfire gives a lot of coals, which keep the heat warm for a long time, and are comfortable not only during the rain, but also in strong winds.

Star

Star

The Polynesian bonfire is most often used in the rain when the weather is wet and wet. To construct a structure, it is necessary to make a cone-shaped pit, tapering downwards, to a depth of one meter. The walls of the pit are laid out with logs, and a fire is made at the bottom. The Polynesian campfire gives a lot of coals, which keep the heat warm for a long time, and are comfortable not only during the rain, but also in strong winds.

Star

When there is very little firewood, you can make a so-called star fire. It is very economical with fuel consumption, but it cannot be left unattended, for example, at night, since it is necessary to move the logs as they burn from the outskirts to the center. The star is laid out in such a way that along the radius of the fire logs were laid in length, on the coals, starting from the very center. If you need to keep the fire on slow burning, occasionally pushing new wood to the old, then this type is the most suitable.

A gun

A gun

The “gun” burns for a long time, maintaining a fairly large amount of heat. For its breeding, first prepare the coals, then near them is placed a thick log. Several logs are laid out on it at one end, so the coals are directly under them. They inflame and give good heat for a long time. As their combustion can be replaced by new ones.

Pyramid

Pyramid

The “gun” burns for a long time, maintaining a fairly large amount of heat. For its breeding, first prepare the coals, then near them is placed a thick log. Several logs are laid out on it at one end, so the coals are directly under them. They inflame and give good heat for a long time. As their combustion can be replaced by new ones.

Pyramid

“Pyramid” can be used for night heating camp. To do this, use two thick logs arranged parallel to each other. A few more similar logs need to be put across them, this will be the basis of the whole fire. Then you need to find logs of smaller size and put in the same sequence on top of the first, then put logs on top of an even smaller size, until the top is in the branches and small brushwood. When the fire is on fire, you can safely leave it all night.

Types of bonfires

Types of fires OBZH

Other types of fires are used to give distress signals than those described above:

Smoke

The purpose of such a fire is to give a distress signal with strong smoke, which will be visible from the aircraft. For this purpose, the construction of a fire tower, which is covered with a large number of fresh spruce, pine and other evergreen branches, is used. In the absence of this, you can use dense deciduous branches or long grass.

Pioneer

This is a signal fire, which sends a distress signal with its bright flame that can be seen from afar. It is kindled on high, open areas of the terrain; it is made of three thick branches, installed vertically in the form of a triangle or tripod. They rest on the other branches, blocking the sides of the fire. Besides the fact that it will give a high flame, you can add branches, leaves and grass to it to create a large amount of smoke.

Types of fires and what they are used for

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