What can not be done during a thunderstorm: where you can not be?

The element of nature is an unpredictable thing and not always safe. Thunderstorm is one of the most dangerous natural phenomena, because during it there is a powerful electrical discharge that can cause fires, accidents with injuries and death. In most cases, a thunderstorm poses a danger to humans only if they do not comply with safety rules. You can learn more about what to do during a thunderstorm, what danger it carries to a person.

  • What to do in a thunderstorm
  • 2What can not be done during a thunderstorm
  • 3Where one cannot stay during thunderstorms
  • 4What to do if thunder caught
    • 4.1 In the forest
    • 4.2In the field
    • 4.3On the water
    • 4.4In a private house
    • 4.5On the way
    • 4.6In the mountains

What to do in a thunderstorm

what to do if the stormApproximation of one of the most dangerous natural phenomena can be envisaged in order to be able to hide and protect themselves from possible consequences. First of all, it is necessary to monitor the formation of powerful cumulus, tower-like clouds, the development of cloudiness. The direction of the wind will not give an obvious understanding, as the thunderstorm often moves against the wind. During a thunderstorm, the direction of the wind usually changes dramatically, there is complete calm or a sharp squall, after which it begins to rain. But the thunderstorm can begin without rain. Other forerunners of the approaching thunderstorm are:

  • High level of humidity. This can be seen by how long the dew keeps on the grass.
  • Low flying birds and especially aggressive insects.
  • Reduced atmospheric air pressure.
  • Stuffy air

To determine the speed of approaching storm clouds, it is necessary to orient in time from the beginning of flashes of lightning to the sound of peals of thunder in seconds. The shorter this period, the closer the storm. And to reduce or increase the intervals between flashes and peals, one can judge the approach or removal of thunderclouds. Given the speed of sound in the air, you can judge the passage of sound one kilometer in three seconds. Thus, it is possible to calculate the approximate amount of time that remains in order to find shelter during the bad weather. The most dangerous condition is when there is no time gap between the flash of lightning and the rumble of thunder.

what to do if thunderstorm caughtApproximation of one of the most dangerous natural phenomena can be envisaged in order to be able to hide and protect themselves from possible consequences. First of all, it is necessary to monitor the formation of powerful cumulus, tower-like clouds, the development of cloudiness. The direction of the wind will not give an obvious understanding, as the thunderstorm often moves against the wind. During a thunderstorm, the direction of the wind usually changes dramatically, there is complete calm or a sharp squall, after which it begins to rain. But the thunderstorm can begin without rain. Other forerunners of the approaching thunderstorm are:

  • High level of humidity. This can be seen by how long the dew keeps on the grass.
  • Low flying birds and especially aggressive insects.
  • Reduced atmospheric air pressure.
  • Stuffy air

To determine the speed of approaching storm clouds, it is necessary to orient in time from the beginning of flashes of lightning to the sound of peals of thunder in seconds. The shorter this period, the closer the storm. And to reduce or increase the intervals between flashes and peals, one can judge the approach or removal of thunderclouds. Given the speed of sound in the air, you can judge the passage of sound one kilometer in three seconds. Thus, it is possible to calculate the approximate amount of time that remains in order to find shelter during the bad weather. The most dangerous condition is when there is no time gap between the flash of lightning and the rumble of thunder.

There are several rules of what to do if a thunderstorm suddenly overtakes you, and how you should act to avoid unhappiness:

  1. You need to avoid open areas. As a rule, lightning falls into the highest point of the area. If you are in a thunderstorm in a field, the highest point will be a person.
  2. Water is an excellent conductor of current. Therefore, during a thunderstorm you need to stay away from water.
  3. It is desirable to get rid of any metal products on the body, clothing, and other things, putting them at a distance of five meters from themselves. Umbrella, opened above his head, can serve as a target for a lightning strike.
  4. It is necessary to move in a quiet way, especially in open areas.
  5. Turn off all radio, household appliances, TV, other electrical appliances in the house from the network.
  6. If life is in danger or you are where there are no settlements, you should contact the Emergency Situations Ministry.

What not to do during a thunderstorm

what to do in a thunderstormIn accordance with the above, it is possible to define rules that should not be done during a thunderstorm:

  1. You can not hide under the objects standing alone in an open area – a tree, a high-voltage pole, and other high structures that are located far away from others.
  2. Use a mobile phone, especially at a great distance from homes, other structures. This is due to the fact that electromagnetic waves attract an electric discharge, and there are known cases of lightning entering a mobile phone of a person who was talking at that time. However, in urban settings such cases are rare.
  3. Cycling in the open.
  4. You can not cuddle or be in another close proximity to metal objects on the street.
  5. Do not immediately take shelter from the rain. If clothes are wet, there is less chance of being struck by lightning than if they are dry.
  6. You can not lie on the ground or run away from thunderstorms, being in an open area. In the first case, striking the ground, lightning can hurt a person, and in the second, it becomes a kind of fast moving target.
  7. Talking on the phone with a wired connection, because lightning can fall between the stretched wires of the pillars.
  8. During a thunderstorm you should not approach electrical wiring, a lightning rod, roof drain pipes, a television or radio antenna, and it is not recommended to stand near an open window.

Where you can not be during a thunderstorm

where you can not be in a thunderstormIn accordance with the above, it is possible to define rules that should not be done during a thunderstorm:

  1. You can not hide under the objects standing alone in an open area – a tree, a high-voltage pole, and other high structures that are located far away from others.
  2. Use a mobile phone, especially at a great distance from homes, other structures. This is due to the fact that electromagnetic waves attract an electric discharge, and there are known cases of lightning entering a mobile phone of a person who was talking at that time. However, in urban settings such cases are rare.
  3. Cycling in the open.
  4. You can not cuddle or be in another close proximity to metal objects on the street.
  5. Do not immediately take shelter from the rain. If clothes are wet, there is less chance of being struck by lightning than if they are dry.
  6. You can not lie on the ground or run away from thunderstorms, being in an open area. In the first case, striking the ground, lightning can hurt a person, and in the second, it becomes a kind of fast moving target.
  7. Talking on the phone with a wired connection, because lightning can fall between the stretched wires of the pillars.
  8. During a thunderstorm you should not approach electrical wiring, a lightning rod, roof drain pipes, a television or radio antenna, and it is not recommended to stand near an open window.

Where you can not be during a thunderstorm

If a sudden element overtook you, but you can still choose a shelter, you should keep in mind the places where you cannot be during a thunderstorm:

  1. You can not be in the open
  2. To be in and near reservoirs.
  3. On the tops of rocks and other elevations.

What to do if thunderstorm caught

Since the elements are unpredictable, and there are places that provoke a person to be hit by lightning, you should know what to do during a thunderstorm when you find yourself in an unsafe place.

In the woods

thunderstorm in the forest what to doIf you are in the forest during a thunderstorm, you must avoid the proximity of trees such as oak, pine, poplar. According to statistics, it is they who most often attract lightning strikes to themselves, for this reason because of them there are forest fires. It is necessary to find a stunted part of the forest and hide there, squatting, and adopting the pose of the embryo. Trees themselves are natural lightning rods, so avoid staying near tall trees.

The ideal way to protect yourself is to find a plot with stunted trees and dense crowns, hide between them, sowing on the ground.
If it is necessary to move, it should be done, without moving away from them further than the height of the crowns. You can not choose a place to hide near trees, previously hit by lightning. The soil around them indicates a high electrical conductivity, which means the likelihood of a repetition of a strike by lightning. In addition, during the night during a thunderstorm it is impossible to put a tent in an open area, and also to sit near the fire, because the smoke conducts electricity very well.

In field

what to do if thunderstorm caughtIf you are in the forest during a thunderstorm, you must avoid the proximity of trees such as oak, pine, poplar. According to statistics, it is they who most often attract lightning strikes to themselves, for this reason because of them there are forest fires. It is necessary to find a stunted part of the forest and hide there, squatting, and adopting the pose of the embryo. Trees themselves are natural lightning rods, so avoid staying near tall trees.

The ideal way to protect yourself is to find a plot with stunted trees and dense crowns, hide between them, sowing on the ground.
If it is necessary to move, it should be done, without moving away from them further than the height of the crowns. You can not choose a place to hide near trees, previously hit by lightning. The soil around them indicates a high electrical conductivity, which means the likelihood of a repetition of a strike by lightning. In addition, during the night during a thunderstorm it is impossible to put a tent in an open area, and also to sit near the fire, because the smoke conducts electricity very well.

In field

If you caught a thunderstorm in the field, you need to hide in any recess – a ravine, a pit, you need to squat, bending your head to your knees. You need to try to stay away from high single objects and structures at a distance of at least 200 meters. Do not use the telephone or any metal products so as not to attract lightning discharges. When in the field, be aware that clay soil is more dangerous than rocky or sandy. Therefore, in no case can not lie on the ground if it is clay.

On the water

what to do if the stormIt is especially dangerous to be in a thunderstorm near a reservoir, but if it happened that you did not have time to leave the beach, immediate attempts should be made to do this, and even more so, immediately get out of the water. If you are inside the watercraft, you should immediately hit the shore, if this is not possible, you need to change into dry clothes, dry the boat, make protection from the tent, cover yourself with it, put a life jacket, circle, rubber boots, and other insulating objects around and under yourself. The awning should protect the boat from the penetration of water, but it does not touch the surface of the reservoir.

In a private house

what to do during a thunderstormIt is especially dangerous to be in a thunderstorm near a reservoir, but if it happened that you did not have time to leave the beach, immediate attempts should be made to do this, and even more so, immediately get out of the water. If you are inside the watercraft, you should immediately hit the shore, if this is not possible, you need to change into dry clothes, dry the boat, make protection from the tent, cover yourself with it, put a life jacket, circle, rubber boots, and other insulating objects around and under yourself. The awning should protect the boat from the penetration of water, but it does not touch the surface of the reservoir.

In a private house

Multi-storey buildings are protected from lightning due to lightning rods, but frequent and garden houses are in the danger zone. To avoid danger, it is necessary to take measures:

  • Close all windows and doors. Inside the house can get ball lightning.
  • Disconnect all electrical appliances, radios from the electrical network.
  • Stop heating the stove, close the chimney.
  • Disable all communications
  • Move away from windows, doorways, metal objects, outlets.

On road

what to do if the stormIf a thunderstorm caught while traveling by car, you need to stop driving away from single objects and desert terrain. It should close all windows, hide the antenna, turn off the radio, navigator, cellular communication. Do not touch the metal objects inside the machine, including the door handles.

In the mountains

what to do in a thunderstormIf a thunderstorm caught while traveling by car, you need to stop driving away from single objects and desert terrain. It should close all windows, hide the antenna, turn off the radio, navigator, cellular communication. Do not touch the metal objects inside the machine, including the door handles.

In the mountains

When you are in a mountainous area, you should immediately descend from elevations, move away from drains and waterfalls, it is best to rise under a plumb line that exceeds a person’s height by 5-6 times. Stand should be no closer than 2 meters to the plumb line. Shelter in the crevices and caves is also suitable, but no closer than two meters from the walls. During a thunderstorm, you can not lean against the walls of the rock and pick up metal equipment.

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