What should be the stove for a winter tent? Types of different stoves

The stove for a tent is used by tourists during long expeditions, winter fishing trips or trips to a ski resort. A small device can become a source of heating for the tent overnight. There are several types of stoves, you can buy one already prepared or make it yourself.

  • Types of stove tents
    • 1.1 Gas stove for the tent
    • 1.2 Heating by the fire
    • 1.3 Heating the tent with a fuel heater
    • 1.4 Heating tents through a pipe
  • 2 Homemade tent stove
  • 3Safety precautions for tent stoves

Types of stove tents

There are several ways to heat a bed using stove heating. The easiest of them is to buy a tent with a built-in stove. This design will cost the traveler more, but it has its advantages. First, the tent is already designed for stove heating, it has the necessary holes, as well as an additional layer of fabric to keep warm. Secondly, in some tents, the built-in stove can be used for cooking. The disadvantages include the high cost of the tent, as well as its bulkiness.

oven-stoveThe stove can be bought separately from the tent. In this case, you need to make sure that the fabric of the tent can withstand high temperatures. It is also necessary to measure the length and width of the tent, the distance to the chimney.

The stove for heating the tent should be selected based on several design features.

The shape of the furnace are of three types:

  • Round
  • Oval
  • Rectangular

Round and oval stoves warm the room faster. But most often the design of such a furnace is integral, therefore it is inconvenient to transfer it. The rectangular oven can be easily folded.

mounted stoveTypes of furnace design:

  • Mounted
  • Housekeeper
  • Articulated
  • Scraper
  • Collapsible

Mounted and furnace housekeeper do not require special knowledge of the traveler about the assembly, as they are already ready for use. The minus of such furnaces is the cumbersome design, which is why it is inconvenient to carry with them on the campaign.

stove housekeeperTypes of furnace design:

  • Mounted
  • Housekeeper
  • Articulated
  • Scraper
  • Collapsible

Mounted and furnace housekeeper do not require special knowledge of the traveler about the assembly, as they are already ready for use. The minus of such furnaces is the cumbersome design, which is why it is inconvenient to carry with them on the campaign.

The stove, called drag, has an oval shape, while transferring, you can put things necessary for a tourist into it. The hinged and collapsible furnaces are easily transferred, as they have a fully collapsible design. But they also require knowledge in assembly on site.

Gas tent stove

Another convenient heating method is a gas heater. It works at the expense of the gas burner. The cylinder and the gas stove itself are easy to carry. Such a tent heater is relatively cheap and safe to use, it can be installed in a tent for winter fishing. The gas heater can be metal or ceramic, depending on the special nozzle.

The disadvantage of this method of heating is a low level of heat supply. Compared with the heat from the fire, the gas burner needs to heat the tent much longer.
homemade gas stoveHeating by the fire

If you do not have a tent with an outlet for the pipe, you can warm up with the help of coals. This method requires only a fire, large stones and a cast iron boiler. The boiler can be replaced with a steel bucket with a lid.

To create a stove for heating tents you need to make a small pyramid of stones. It is necessary to impose sticks and brushwood in the form of a hut or house. The fire should be completely burned out, during which time travelers will have time to cook dinner on it. When the fire burns through, you should gently scrape the heated stones into the cauldron and cover them with earth. The boiler should be hung at a distance of half a meter or a meter from the floor, or put on several stones. This mini stove is enough to heat the tent for 4 hours.

heating by the fireHeating by the fire

If you do not have a tent with an outlet for the pipe, you can warm up with the help of coals. This method requires only a fire, large stones and a cast iron boiler. The boiler can be replaced with a steel bucket with a lid.

To create a stove for heating tents you need to make a small pyramid of stones. It is necessary to impose sticks and brushwood in the form of a hut or house. The fire should be completely burned out, during which time travelers will have time to cook dinner on it. When the fire burns through, you should gently scrape the heated stones into the cauldron and cover them with earth. The boiler should be hung at a distance of half a meter or a meter from the floor, or put on several stones. This mini stove is enough to heat the tent for 4 hours.

Heating the tent with a fuel heater

If you went to nature by car, there is a simple way to make a stove for a tent. To do this you will need a dual-circuit camping heater on fuel. Suitable as gasoline and kerosene or diesel. The principle of operation of the heater is quite simple: the heat exchanger is heated by the burner and passes through the air from the tent. The heater itself is located outside of a small room, so this camping stove camping tent is considered one of the safest to use.

In this way, you can heat the tent for several days. Of course, the design is quite heavy and takes up a lot of space, but is convenient for transportation by car. So the most significant disadvantage of this method of heating is the cost of fuel.

Heated tents through the pipe

This method, how to make a stove for a tent, is considered one of the best. It allows you to sleep in heat even in severe frost. But it is suitable only for a campground, since for one night to make such a stove is quite difficult.

For heating, it is necessary to place a tent on a hill, preferably 700 m higher than the fire will be located. Bonfire should be made only from solid and even logs, as they will fester for a long time. A thin stainless steel pipe, 2 m long, is brought to the fire. To the back side it is necessary to pass a hose through which warm air will flow into the tent.

Homemade tent stove

The stove for a tent can be assembled by hand. To do this, you do not need any rare materials, a metal cup and a few cans are enough.

Materials to create a stove:

  • Can (height 6 cm, diameter 10 cm) – 2 pcs.
  • Metal mug (1 cm smaller in diameter than that of cans) – 1 pc.
  • Piece of tin
  • Bolts
  • Washers
  • TV antenna
  • Terminal (suitable terminal with power supply)

How to make a stove:

  1. It is necessary to remove all uneven and sharp edges from the can. This can be done with pliers.
  2. From the tin you need to cut a circle (diameter 3 cm) with three petals. Petals should be bent at an angle of 90 degrees. At the bottom of the jar, holes are made that are large enough for the tips of the petals to pass through.
  3. The circle is placed under the bottom of the jar, the petals are fixed in the holes. Combustible material can be put into this compartment.
  4. Stepping back from the top of the can 2 cm, make three holes of 5 mm at an equal distance from each other. We install bolts in them, having strengthened by washers.
  5. Mug should be placed on the bolts.
  6. From the antenna we make three legs. It is necessary to make new holes to which they will be attached.
  7. The lid is made from a second tin can. It should fit snugly to the top of the stove to save heat dissipation. The handle of the terminal can be placed in the center of the cover.
  8. At the bottom of the stove it is necessary to make five or six holes at an equal distance from each other.

Tent stove safety precautions

Using a stove for heating tents, do not forget that you are dealing with fire. It is necessary to observe several basic security measures so that the rest does not turn into a tragedy:

  • The tent must be adapted for the stove. Fire-based heaters should not be used if the tent material is not heat-resistant.
  • It is necessary to use the stove strictly for its intended purpose. If the design does not provide for this, it is impossible to cook food at the same time and heat the tent. You should also dry things over the fire, which is outside, and not to use for this stove.
  • The distance from the furnace to the material of the tent should be about a meter.
  • There must be a spark arrester in the pipe.
  • Do not use flammable liquids for kindling.
  • Sleep away from the stove. It is advisable to place a couch or sleeping bag at an elevation of 20 cm to protect against carbon monoxide.

Winter trip for a few days will be possible if you buy a stove for a tent. However, there are many ways to make the heater itself. The most important thing is to comply with security measures, and then the rest will be not only fascinating, but also comfortable.

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