Experiencing a disaster can be very difficult, especially to survive one. Be it an earthquake, flood, flash flood, tornadoes and, of course, tsunamis. There are some important steps that must be followed before, during and after a tsunami. All these three stages are important and you must know them in advance. In this article we will talk about what to do and how to act during a tsunami.
Tsunamis are more common in coastal and beach areas, near oceans and seas. Most of the time, the causes of a tsunami are earthquakes or changing layers in the depths of the seabed. Generally, after the first wave of the tsunami, several more can occur, with a difference of minutes to one hour.
Another reason for a tsunami is if there are volcanoes on the surface of the ocean. And after all, earthquakes, which are more common in most areas, may be an early sign to prepare for the approaching tsunami. It is estimated (and statistics show) that earthquakes take fewer lives than tsunamis.
Steps on how to survive, do you really have a chance?
These steps are of vital importance, and each and every one of them can save lives. You must realize that not following or ignoring one of them can be potentially fatal. All these steps are crucial for your survival. They have been compiled and gathered thanks to the real-life experiences of people who lived to see and survive a tsunami.
The first warning signal that nature itself is giving you is that Coastal water levels will change. This means that a tsunami is on the way and will arrive in the next hour. If you observe such signs, do not discard them and react immediately. You will have some advantage.
Also, warn as many people as you can as you go inland. In general, coastal water tends to retreat several meters deep. When the water levels begin to rise again, then you should expect the tsunami to hit in the next few minutes. Do not wait for the levels to rise and evacuate when you see the first signs that ocean levels are being removed. Many people neglected these warning signs and perished as a result.
Another very important thing is that you get away from the shore as fast as possible. Do not wait for the wave to get closer, do not take pictures or record videos. Every second counts and can save your life. When you see or hear the wave, get on a bicycle, to any vehicle, or just run.
If you do not have transportation, run to the nearest elevated ground or to the solid building (find a tall one and climb up to the roof and above it). If you have a vehicle, move inland up to at least one mile from the coast. In most cases, the water moves inland up to a few miles at most.
When the first wave hits, you have to be prepared for more waves. Do not expect that if the first wave has already left, this will be the end. In fact, many experts show statistical data that the next wave can not only be stronger, but that the strongest wave can be the third or the fourth wave. An example of this is the tsunami disaster in Hawaii, 1960. Many people thought that after the first wave is safe to leave the high ground, and perished after being hit by the third wave and the most destructive.
Therefore, our advice is that you wait several hours after the first wave And see if there are more to come. Within several hours, at least one or two may occur. It depends on the intensity of the earthquake (or what caused the tsunami). If you are in a safe place, it would be better to stay. If not, when the first wave is gone, move to a safer and higher place so that the second wave does not hit you.
This leads to the second most important thing, and that is that you move quickly. You have to be very flexible, calm and think about how to move to safer terrain. In general, the safest places are high hills and mountains. If you get to that area, stay there until everything calms down. If you find it more difficult to find hills or high areas, even buildings or trees can save lives The problem is that poorly constructed buildings can not withstand the full explosion of a wave of 6 meters (or more).
Therefore, if you decide to go to the roof of a building, choose one that looks stable and solid. If there are no buildings near where you are and you need to react in a matter of minutes, find a sturdy tree that can withstand both you and the strong flood.
Many trees are plucked by water, so find one that is tall and has a thick crown. Such trees usually have deeper roots and are much more reliable. Many people report that some thick old trees saved their lives during the tsunamis. It’s true that the thicker the tree is, the harder it is to pull it out, so keep that in mind. Once again, we must point out that buildings and trees are when they are your last chance for survival and provide immediate help.
Sometimes many people get trapped in the flood. They did not have time to reach a safe place. If you get into such a situation, grab anything you see floating near. There was a woman who reported that when the second wave hit, she was swept away by her strength.
She thought that when the first wave went, it’s safe to go back to the streets (do not make that mistake, as we pointed out earlier). So, she managed to get a record and really saved her life. This happened during the devastating tsunami in Chile, 1960. The woman floated on the trunk about a mile away from where she was swept.
Another thing that is very important is to stay away from the roads. If there was an earthquake that caused the tsunami, the roads could be destroyed, with cracks, and it would be impossible to move forward. You may get stuck somewhere on the road with no chance to escape or return.
So, whatever you decide to do, keep in mind that paved roads can be destroyed. Find some alternative routes that you know. If you think it takes valuable time, abandon this plan and simply go directly to a higher place. Do not waste your time pushing your car through muddy terrain.
Also, if after all, you manage to escape in a car, be very careful when you find water in your way. This is very likely to happen and you should know that six inches can enter the controls of your car and damage it. Not only that, but two feet of water will drag any type of vehicle, from the smallest and lightest to the heaviest and most resistant. So, of course, avoid any type of moving water that exceeds 6 inches. Leave your car or find an alternative route.
Remember another valuable advice: you have to think quickly and bring with you only things of essential importance As documents, identification cards, medications, credit cards, warm clothes. Forget about the rest, you can not keep all your possessions and risk your life.
Many people report how their friends or relatives decided to return and save their money or similar valuables, and they drowned in the flood. Of course, sometimes you may have to react immediately and forget about any element, just think of your life as the most important and valuable possession you have. However, at least one preparation kit (or first aid kit) can be extremely important, so if you have a few seconds to react, do not forget it.
During the tsunami, find a way to have access to a radio or any other connection to the world. You can get updated information about the situation, about warnings, satellite images and if there will be other waves. In general, the media quickly disseminates news about an impending or current local disaster and disseminates knowledge and advice on what to do during the disaster. They give valuable information and this can be useful during the crisis. It is also like a moral support to listen to other people’s voices and raise morale.
Sometimes it may happen that you are in a public area with many people, when you hear the news. People can panic and this creates frustrating and disconcerting chaos, which makes evacuation difficult. So, keep calm and follow the instructions given by any authorized and experienced person. There will always be people educated and prepared for such situations. Do not let panic dominate you.
Sometimes, it can even be recommended that you simply Stay inside your house, away from the windows. (since the force of the water will break them and hurt you). If your house is on a single floor and you do not have time to reach a safer ground, do not leave the place to climb to the roof. It may be too late, and as you try to climb to the top of the house, the water may drag you away. This is much more dangerous than staying close to a thick and resistant wall.
If you are in an elevator, leave it as soon as the doors open. The lift can get stuck due to system failures, short circuit in electricity, etc. It is much more dangerous to be in a closed area that is out of your control. Better to use the stairs to reach higher ground.
When you prepare to leave your home and have prepared your most valuable items, do not forget your pets, if you have any. As you evacuate your family, you may not want to leave your four-legged friends. They are much more vulnerable alone and may not do it without help.
Evacuation process: what to do when warnings are issued
You also have to be able to recognize the difference between Several tsunami alerts. In general there are four.
A information statement It is the lowest level of danger. At this stage, the public and officials are informed that an earthquake has occurred nearby. They also notify the public that another severe alert has been sent to nearby areas. The purpose of these information statements is to keep people informed. In case the situation changes, the alert will be updated.
The next stage in severity is the warning. These alerts are issued to inform people that current or impending floods and tsunami waves are wreaking havoc in nearby coastal areas. These warnings help people react quickly and move inward. Evacuations may occur while planning to leave your home.
A clock Alert is one that only informs the public of a flood or tsunami threat. In general, a watch does not report the level of threat, since it only has the purpose of informing people. Sometimes, a watch can be updated to a warning or not, as the threat decreases. A watch is used for the extensive analysis of the officials. That helps them prepare for a potential disaster and gives them time to prepare an evacuation plan.
A advisory The alert is low status. It does not expect floods, but warns people about the impending potential of the tsunami and strong waves. When a warning is issued, people are discouraged from going to beaches, coasts and coastal areas. Notices are always followed by updates and can escalate to warnings or alerts.
When you have evacuated yourself and your family, it is (as suggested) of great importance that you carry a radio with you. By knowing these four basic alerts, you will always be updated on the current situation and can take action according to the news and alerts. Do not underestimate the importance of contact with the outside world. It can be of vital importance to save lives.
If a tsunami happens during the night, the only thing that can warn you is the noise of the water in the ocean. If you do not have images to see an increase or fall in the surface of the ocean, noise is another useful warning signal. Tune in as quickly as possible to a radio station or the NOAA channel to hear about imminent danger or warning alerts. While doing so, take a security kit, clothes, important documents and obtain a portable radio to continue listening to updates on the situation.
If you consider evacuating by boat, you should know that boats are safer when the water is at least 100 feet deep. If you happen to run into a small boat and do not see water in the vicinity, you can be safe and # 8216; travel by boat inland. Of course, it can be dangerous since you do not know which areas ahead can be a threat. This is only one last measure for you to consider if the others are impossible to implement.
When we talk about boats, if you are in a boat in the ocean and you recognize the signs of a tsunami, it is better to go deeper into the ocean. You will not be fast enough to reach the shore and run inland. The deepest waves in the ocean are not vertical. They become mortal only in contact with the earth.
Most everything you need to stay calm. If you feel panic, you will most likely do irrational things and put yourself and others at risk. Control your emotions and put your logic and your thoughts into action. You are much more likely to forget important advice if you are stressed or panicked, than if you were calm. While you are in high ground, buildings or trees, you must be sure.
Of course, do not underestimate the importance of wearing clothes. If you get wet and have to stay in one place for hours, hypothermia is a real danger. Many people die in such disastrous events just because they did not have the right clothes to keep warm. On many occasions, when a tsunami hits, people often stay away from their homes at night. In rare places the nights can be pleasantly warm. Even if you are in an area of this type during the tsunami, keep in mind that if it gets wet, even a warm climate may not prevent you from suffering a hypothermal shock.
And, of course, keep an eye on the members of your family. If they stay together, they are more likely to survive and help each other, so avoid separating at all costs.
As long as you follow the advice and advice above, and stay calm, you have a good chance of surviving during a tsunami.