An unpleasant surprise in the form of poisoning can catch a person anywhere, anytime, especially in the summer. In most cases, bacteria and viruses that cause poisoning of the body, get inside with food, but there are other sources – objects and things that infected people touched and through which the causative agents of gastroenteritis are transmitted to a healthy person. In order not to aggravate the situation in case of poisoning, when the first symptoms of poisoning occur, it is necessary to take measures to cleanse the body and alleviate its condition. It is especially important to take action as soon as possible if the poisoning has occurred in a pregnant woman, child or elderly person. You can learn more about what to do in case of poisoning, and how to prevent the patient’s condition from worsening.
- Types of poisoning
- 2 Symptoms and signs
- 3What to do in case of severe poisoning?
- 4What to do in case of stomach poisoning: folk methods
- 5 Recovery Measures
- 6What to do in case of poisoning: video
Types of poisoning
Types of poisoning can be divided into two types: it is toxic food infectious and non-infectious toxic poisoning. The first type is caused by the consumption of food contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms. Food toxic infection may occur when consuming stale products or if the rules of sanitary and hygienic norms are not followed. The most common infectious agents are:
- Clostridium botulism or clostridia perfringens: develops in the body due to poor processing of meat products, as well as chicken and legumes.
- Staphylococcus aureus: it multiplies actively in any food that is stored at room temperature for a long time.
- Bacillus Cereus: develops in perishable foods and is also found on rice contaminated with this bacterium long before processing.
The second type of poisoning occurs due to the consumption of food or ingestion of the body by other means of chemical and natural toxins. It can be poisonous mushrooms and berries, chemicals that enter the body along with poorly washed and processed vegetables and fruits, including nitrates. The group of non-infectious poisoning is also complemented by the intake of methyl alcohol, vinegar. Non-infectious toxic poisoning is most dangerous, therefore, at the slightest signs of non-infectious poisoning, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Fortunately, the first type is most common, so you need to know what to do with such stomach poisonings.
Symptoms and signs
The incubation period of the impact of pathogenic microorganisms on a person ranges from 2 to 24 hours. The rate of symptoms of food poisoning depends on the overall resistance of the human body to various pathogens, as well as the amount of toxic substances and the type of toxin.
After the incubation period of the pathogen has passed, the following symptoms appear:
- Pain, cramps in the epigastrium, passing into the intestinal region.
- Nausea, vomiting
- Increased temperature up to 38 degrees, chills. However, the temperature does not always rise.
- Diarrhea, increased gas formation
- Weakness, headache, dizziness
- Perhaps an impairment of vision
- Abundant salivation
If signs of dehydration are added to these symptoms after the relief measures, you should immediately call a doctor. [/ Wpmfc_cab_ss]
Signs of dehydration manifest as follows:
- Dry mouth
- Reducing the frequency and amount of urination.
If there are signs of visual impairment, confusion and loss of consciousness, hallucinations, this indicates infection with salmonellosis or botulism. If these symptoms are observed in conjunction with an increase in body temperature above 38 degrees, you should immediately take the victim to the hospital to provide medical assistance.
What to do in case of severe poisoning?
In case of severe poisoning, as well as in the presence of mild forms of intoxication, it is necessary to provide first-aid measures, which are as follows:
- Wash the stomach using warm boiled water or a weak solution of soda (1 tablespoon of soda for 1.5-2 liters of warm water) or manganese. Rinsing should be done until the outgoing fluid from the body becomes a transparent color.
- The victim must take the sorbents that will help remove toxic toxins from the body, for example, activated carbon or polysorb, smect, enterosgel. In addition to removing toxins from the body, activated carbon prevents the absorption of toxic substances into the blood. The dosage for ingestion of activated carbon is calculated on the basis of 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight. In case of severe poisoning, the dosage should be increased. You can also take white coal – a concentrated sorbent that removes only toxins, while leaving the nutrients inside the body. The dosage of white coal for an adult is 2-4 tablets.
- In order to prevent the dehydration process, which develops due to diarrhea and vomiting, it is necessary to provide the victim with abundant drinking. You can dilute a weak saline solution (at the rate of 1 teaspoon of salt per 1 liter of boiled water) to unsolder the person who has been poisoned. To fill the water balance of the body, you can also use a weak freshly brewed sweet tea, mineral water or fruit drinks. In no case can not drink sweet soda or alcoholic beverages. The volume of drinking should be at least 2-3 liters per day. To fill the water-salt balance, you can also use a pharmacy tool, for example, “Regidron” or “Oralit”. They contain special minerals and glucose to help with dehydration.
- Provide patient peace, especially in severe poisoning until the disappearance of obvious signs of intoxication.
- If you have a severe chill, you can use a heating pad to raise your body temperature.
- To alleviate the condition of the poisoned, you can use antidiarrheals and painkillers, but antibiotics can only be given to him after the doctor has made an accurate diagnosis.
If, after the measures taken, the acute symptoms do not stop for more than two days or more, in addition, vomiting and diarrhea do not stop, the ambulance needs emergency care.
What to do in case of stomach poisoning: folk methods
Folk healers also have methods to rid the body of toxic toxic substances. Keep in mind that they should be used only for mild intoxication:
- First of all, it is recommended to take a loading dose of ascorbic acid.
- Cooked dill decoction, mixed with honey, perfectly eliminates the first signs of a mild intestinal infection.
- Infusion of Althea roots is also a good method of cleansing the body of toxins.
- You can make tea from ground ginger. It has a strong immunomodulatory effect, and also disinfects and eliminates toxins.
- Fast withdrawal of toxic substances contributes to the tincture of Astragalus, Eleutherococcus or powder from seaweed. All these drugs are sold in a pharmacy.
- If acute symptoms are present, dogrose or chokeberry with a heavy drink will help improve your well-being.
After the acute symptoms have stopped, you can eat only on the third day. It should be rice soups, porridge from sticky cereals, crackers or dried without additives. You can not eat foods that irritate the gastric mucosa (sharp, smoked, pickled, salted).
After vomiting stops, you can begin to use tools that help restore the intestinal microflora. Such drugs include “Hilak Forte”, “Linex”, “Mezim” and others. If you feel much better, you can go to the bath or sauna, get a massage, perform simple physical exercises. Together with the release of sweat when performing any of these activities, the toxins remaining in the body will be released.
To protect yourself from repeating such an unpleasant situation as intoxication, you should take some preventive actions:
- Wash hands before eating and after entering from the street into the house.
- Follow the rules of storage of products in accordance with the temperature regime and shelf life.
- Keep clean in the kitchen and while cooking.
- To approach the choice of products in the markets and in shops with full responsibility, and never to buy suspicious food with an expired shelf life.
- Do not drink “raw” water from the tap
- Do not eat in questionable places.