Ticks belong to a subclass of arthropods from the class of arachnids, they have eight legs, and not six, like insects. They feed on the blood of mammals. For a person, two types of ticks are most dangerous: a taiga tick (Ixodes persulcatus) and a dog tick (Ixodes ricinus).
Dog and taiga tick, precautions, protection against tick bites, actions after a tick bite, protection of pets from ticks.
The danger of a tick bite for a person.
A parasitic in nature on warm-blooded animals, the tick transmits to a person diseases that these animals can be infected with. Transmission occurs through a wound from a bite when various viral and bacterial infections enter the human blood along with tick saliva.
ticks properties. They are applied to exposed areas of the body and to clothing..
Mostly in the form of an aerosol, which contain alpha-metrine insectoacaricide (alpha-pericamethrin) and have a paralytic effect on ticks. They only process clothes, because of toxicological indicators, it can not be applied to human skin. The protective properties of clothing treated with acaricidal substance last up to 14 days.
Mainly in the form of an aerosol, which combine the properties of both repellent and acaricidal agents. They contain two active substances: diethyltoluamide and alfamethrin, therefore they protect both from ticks and scorpion flying insects. As well as acaricidal, insecticidal-repellent products are applied only to clothing.
Encephalitis (anti-mite) suits.
They can be considered very effective and effective protection against ticks..
Vaccinations and vaccinations against ticks.
When planning a long trip to a region where there may be ticks, it is advisable to get a vaccination, which is two vaccinations with a monthly interval, but no later than two weeks before departure. After a year, another injection will be necessary, which will provide protection for another three years. The first vaccine in fourteen days will provide 80% protection against tick-borne encephalitis, the second is already 100%, and after the third injection, immunity will remain for three years.
Against tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease), preventive immunization is not possible. If there is no time or opportunity for vaccination, then immediately before departure, but not less than four days, you can vaccinate the human immunoglobulin against tick-borne encephalitis, the protective effect of which begins after 24 hours and lasts about 4 weeks, after which such vaccination can be repeated.
A small visual video of the tick bite process.
Actions after a tick bite.
A sucking tick should be removed immediately, but this should be done carefully and carefully, being careful not to crush it and not leave its head in the wound. If you pull out the tick on the body of the tick, then the bacteria in its intestines can enter the human body through the wound. You can remove the tick with the help of a simple device from a thread or thin fishing line, wrapped in a loop, or with more modern tools that are freely sold in pharmacies: with special plastic tweezers or a tick screwdriver. The site of the bite must be sanitized by treating it with iodine or brilliant green, and wash your hands thoroughly.
For greater reliability, so that, if anything, the treatment is timely, the extracted live tick can be put in a tightly closed container along with a wet fleece and a few blades of grass. Take for analysis to the nearest center of hygiene and epidemiology, and wait for its results. If for some reason this cannot be done, then within four days after the bite, otherwise help will be useless. You should contact the trauma department of any nearest medical institution. Doctors have instructions for such cases. Most likely, you will be prescribed an immunoglobulin injection to reduce the likelihood of infection, plus they will give all the necessary recommendations.
Protecting pets from tick bites.
To protect pets, there are many different anti-mite collars and aerosols, but only vaccination can be considered a really effective tool..