In the field, for disinfecting and disinfecting water, you can use chamomile, celandine, lingonberry, raspberry or hypericum leaves. As well as some other medicinal plants, antiseptics, the bactericidal properties of which are recognized by medicine.
A natural way to disinfect and disinfect water using wild plants, creating water reserves and water consumption in extreme conditions and emergency situations.
Celandine is a leader among medicinal plants with antibacterial action. Celandine juice during water disinfection kills almost all pathogenic microorganisms known to science, since this plant synthesizes iodine-containing compounds, its caustic juice – a bright yellow-orange color. In addition, the bactericidal properties of fungi, such as raincoat, porcini fungus, chaga and others, can be used to disinfect water..
Water source crossings are located at a great distance from each other. In hot tropical climates, water during storage quickly changes its taste, blooms, and therefore it is advisable to boil it before use. For storage and transportation of water, various types of canister containers are used, made of non-oxidizable metal or plastic.
Before refueling, in order to ensure the safety of water for a long time, the container is subjected to disinfection, and then, thoroughly rinsing, is poured with boiled water. For long-term storage of water, metal silver is sometimes used. The antimicrobial effect of silver is 1750 times stronger than the action of carbolic acid, 3.5 times mercuric chloride. It is believed that the antimicrobial effect of silver is even higher than that of many antibiotics, not to mention the fact that silver easily copes with antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.
In the heat, after a long transition, you should not drink cold water immediately and a lot. It is necessary to cool for several minutes, then rinse your mouth with cool water and only then drink. If this rule is neglected, then you can easily and very badly catch a cold. It is also not recommended to attack the water, trying to drink as much as possible in one gulp. Sometimes it’s enough to wait 10-15 minutes to drink much less water after they expire.
You should drink in small sips, slowly, taking 3-5 minute breaks. It is especially important to adhere to this rule when you have to carry water on yourself. If for some time you did without water, then having found it, do not pounce on it with greed. First, sip the water in small sips, as a large amount of water entering the dehydrated body causes vomiting, which leads to an even greater loss of precious moisture.
Basic measures for water supply and water consumption in extreme conditions.
1. The search for water, especially in desert conditions, should be one of the highest priorities.
2. If there is a source of water, drink water without restrictions, and in hot climates a little more than is required to satisfy thirst.
3. With limited water supplies, establish, based on the circumstances, a rigid daily norm of water, reduce as much as possible the amount of food consumed, especially thirsty.
4. Purification and disinfection of water extracted from stagnant and low flow bodies of water.
5. The device of shelters from direct solar radiation and the definition of such a mode of activity that would ensure minimal thermal load.
The following measures should be taken to minimize moisture loss in the body..
Always drink water in small sips, keeping it in your mouth in debt.
Do not overwork, rest more, do not smoke.
Do not lie on warm earth and hot stones.
Do not drink alcohol; alcohol picks up liquid from vital organs and binds it to other substances.
Do not talk, breathe with your nose, not your mouth.
Partially used materials from books.
Man in extreme environmental conditions. V.G. Volovich.
Great encyclopedia of survival in extreme situations. A. Ilyichev.