The act of terrorism, as a phenomenon, has become an integral part of modern life. Terror (Latin terror terror, horror) is aimed at intimidation and intimidation. It is this circumstance that defines the terrorist act as a special form of political violence, characterized by cruelty, purposefulness and apparent effectiveness.
Act of terrorism, actions in case of threat and terrorist act, actions in case of detection of an explosive object.
Terror is horror, that is, the emotional state that terrorists seek to achieve by carrying out certain special actions – terrorist acts. A terrorist act is a means, a method, the use of which leads real or potential victims to a state of horror.
, in railway transport, airplanes, parked cars. At present, both industrial and improvised explosive devices disguised as any objects can be used..
Actions and security measures in case of threat of terrorist attack.
1. Be extremely attentive and friendly to the people around you..
2. Do not panic under any circumstances..
3. If possible, go with your children and elderly relatives for a few days to the cottage, to the village, to relatives out of town.
4. Secure your home.
Remove fire hazardous objects, explosive and chemically hazardous substances from your home.
Lock windows, doors, attics, basements with locks and other locking devices.
Protect your home, especially watch out for strangers and suspicious people.
Prepare basements and other buried spaces for shelter.
Always have emergency lighting, a supply of water (mineral water, compotes, and other liquids) and canned foods available.
Remove flower pots from windows.
Close the windows with curtains – this will protect you from damage by broken glass.
5. Fill in the bag the necessary documents, valuables, money in case of emergency evacuation.
6. If possible, use public transport less frequently..
7. Postpone visiting public places.
8. Take measures for the technical strengthening of attics and basements, install locks and intercoms.
9. Do not rent out your housing and other housing and industrial premises to strangers for short-term residence or for commercial and other purposes..
10. Be organized and vigilant, ready to act in emergency situations, keep in touch with law enforcement, civil protection and housing and communal services.
11. Provide psychological support to old, sick, and children.
Explosive Detection Actions.
1. Noticing an explosive object (grenade, shell, bomb, etc.), do not come close to it, call people nearby and ask immediately to report the find to law enforcement agencies. Do not allow random people to touch or attempt to render a dangerous object harmless..
2. When traveling in public transport, pay attention to the abandoned bags, briefcases, parcels, toys and other items that may contain improvised explosive devices. Report this immediately to the driver, train driver, any police officer. Do not open them, do not touch them, warn people standing nearby about possible danger.
3. When entering the entrance, pay attention to strangers and unfamiliar objects. As a rule, an explosive device in a building is laid in basements, on the ground floors, near garbage chutes, under stairs. Be careful and attentive.
Act of Attack.
They consist in calmly clarifying and assessing the current situation, after which.
1. Provide first aid to your children and relatives and other victims who need it.
2. If possible, proceed to release the victims from the rubble..
3. In case of a possible evacuation, take documents and essentials.
4. Move carefully, do not touch damaged structures and exposed wires, beware of wall collapses and ceilings.
5. In a destroyed or damaged room due to the danger of an explosion of accumulated gases, do not use matches, candles, torches, lighters.
6. If there is heavy smoke, use wet handkerchiefs, towels, and other items to protect your breathing organs..
7. Strictly follow instructions and requirements of officials..
If you are littered with debris.
Act strictly in accordance with the following recommendations:
Try not to lose heart.
Take it easy. Breathe deeply and evenly.
Tune in to the fact that rescuers will save you.
With a voice and a knock, get people’s attention.
If you are deep under the rubble of a building.
Move left or right any metal object (ring, keys, etc.) to detect you with an echo finder.
If the space around you is relatively free, do not light lighters. Protect oxygen.
Move carefully, trying not to cause a new collapse, focus on the movement of air entering from the outside.
If you have the opportunity, with the help of improvised items (boards, bricks, etc.), strengthen the ceiling from collapse and wait for help. If you are very thirsty, put a small pebble in your mouth and suck it while breathing through your nose.
If there is an explosion and fire in the subway car.
1. If you smell smoke, immediately inform the driver of the fire on the intercom and follow all its instructions. Try to prevent panic in the car, reassure people, take children by the hands. If smoke is very strong, close your eyes and breathe through a moist handkerchief, respirator, or gas mask..
2. Stay in place while the train moves in the tunnel. After arriving at the station and opening the doors, let the children and the elderly go forward, then step out yourself, keeping calm and restraint. Check if anyone is left in the car, help these people leave it. Report the fire immediately to the station attendant and the escalator. Help metro workers using fire extinguishers and other fire fighting equipment available at the station to extinguish.
3. If there is an open flame in the car while driving, try to extinguish it using fire extinguishers or improvised means available under the seats. If possible, go to the unoccupied part of the car (preferably ahead) and restrain the spread of the fire by knocking down the flame with clothing or filling it with any non-combustible liquids (water, milk, etc.). In no case do not try to stop the train in the tunnel with an emergency stop crane – this will make it difficult to extinguish the fire and your evacuation.
4. When stopping a train in a tunnel, do not try to leave it without a command from the driver; Do not touch the metal body of the car and the doors until the high voltage is disconnected throughout the area. After permission to exit, open the doors or knock down the glass with your feet, exit the carriage and move forward along the train to the station. Walk along the canvas between the rails in a gusset, not touching live busbars (on the side of the rails) in order to avoid electric shock when voltage is turned on.
5. Be especially careful when exiting the tunnel at the station, at the intersection of the tracks, on the arrows, as the oncoming train may appear. If the train you left moves forward and catches up with you, cling to the niche of the tunnel wall. Immediately inform the station duty officer about what happened and follow his instructions.
Based on the book Extreme situations.
I. G. Malkin.