Accidents are a whole bunch of different cases. Including accidents at work, accidents at home, accidents on the streets and in places of recreation for people, transport accidents, accidents on the water.
Accidents, definition and classification, prevention and prevention of accidents.
Industrial accidents are related to the specifics of this production. If it is a chemical plant, then poisoning of its employees associated with the use of various toxic substances is more likely. If coal mining, then blockage and explosions in mine workings. If metalworking, then personal injury.
, poisoning by various chemical and pharmacological substances and other.
Accidents on the streets are the most different accident, but, besides them, falling into wells, falling icicles and loose building parts from roofs, etc..
Transport accidents are various accidents and related bodily injuries during movement, falling on the go from trains and public transport, traffic accidents.
Water accidents are one of the most common occurrences. People drown when swimming in random ponds, at sea resorts, when sporting rafting on mountain rivers, when crossing water barriers by car or on foot, during winter fishing, falling under the ice, in pools and even in their own bathtubs.
Mortality from accidents, their distribution.
Today, accident mortality is the second, and in some areas sustainable first place after cardiovascular and oncological diseases. The distribution of accidents across territories is very uneven: from 140 accidents per hundred thousand people in prosperous regions to 660 (!) In disadvantaged ones. But if we consider only people aged two years to 41 years, then death from injuries comes to the forefront.
The essence of the definition of an accident in its very name. On the one hand, this is unhappiness, on the other hand. That is, an event that happened to a person when neither he nor others expected him, and led to tragic consequences. However, about what they did not expect, I again do not agree. By and large, an accident is almost always a regularity. The regularity of the prerequisites created for him when someone did not close the sewer well, or did not secure the load at height, or did not clear the portion of the sidewalk entrusted to him from the ice.
Either left a poisonous substance in an accessible place, or did not repair the brakes of his car in time. Another pattern is human behavior that is contrary to safety standards. When he climbs where he shouldn’t climb, neglects insurance or basic precautionary measures, violates the production technology at his discretion, uses prohibited substances and other things in his work.
Accident management can and should be conducted at two levels: public and private. The state level implies: the adoption of stringent safety standards in production and tightening control over their implementation. Strengthening the sanitary-epidemiological, fire-fighting, environmental and other controlling state structures that are responsible for the safety of industries, residential premises, food, transport, etc..
Safety training for the public. The release and supply of a sufficient number of potentially hazardous industries with rescue, medical and other equipment. The development of rescue, medical, fire and other executive services designed to protect the lives of people, and much more. Up to the supervision of negligent caretakers and nurses who leave potent drugs unattended. And, of course, work to improve the roads on which more than 90 people die in our country every day.
The private level is the identification of the prerequisites for accidents where a person lives or works, and their elimination. Safety training and first aid techniques. Providing personal rescue and medical equipment. This is not about artificial respiration apparatus, a shovel or a rope, with which you can dig out or pull out of a well people in trouble this is also a life-saving property. Development of certain habits aimed at ensuring personal safety. Well, at least do not smoke in bed and do not sit on the railing of the balcony, etc..
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Accidents and Natural Disasters.