Of the many modes of transport, we feel safest on the train. Unlike airplanes, they do not fall and do not go skidding on icy roads. Meanwhile, this is self-deception. According to statistics, much more people die in railway accidents than in air accidents. It’s just that these are usually not such massive and therefore not so high-profile incidents as in aviation. Hence the illusion of security.
Accidents, fires and household injuries in a train, backlog of a train, prevention and actions.
I will list some well-known rules that must be observed when traveling on a train. The greatest threat to passengers is the first and last train cars. The first is crushed and throws out of the way in a collision in the forehead. The same thing happens with the latter in a rear collision, only on an even more catastrophic scale, since, unlike the former, the locomotive and the luggage car do not buffer it.
from a height of ten thousand meters, and with no less responsibility to call for the study and implementation of fire safety rules. Such instructions are not written in ink with the blood of thousands of victims. I repeat again:
While on the train, do not smoke, do not transport flammable substances, do not light yourself with matches and lighters, do not include boilers in shaving sockets, when the slightest smell of smoke, call a conductor, no, go to the next car, do not be afraid to disturb people at night if you don’t want to, so that it becomes eternal. Use available tools to extinguish the fire, including water from the toilets (Fig. 2 and 5) and a boiling water tank, and fire extinguishers hanging in the corridors in front of the toilets (Fig. 1 and 6). In case of fire, leave the car immediately through the vestibule doors and emergency exits. In an extreme case, knock out the window panes with improvised objects: ladders, ladders, tough things, tables and clothes shelves torn from nests. Do not reach for the suitcases, drop them. Your life is not worth the rags in them. So what, that no fire is visible?
The fire in the train is not terrible with flames, but primarily with the toxic products of combustion of synthetic finishing materials. At first you get poisoned and lose consciousness and only then burn out. And this poisoning occurs in a matter of minutes, and with intensive burning of a second. Do not hesitate, save the most valuable, but not the treasures of people! If you take anything from things, only shoes so as not to injure your feet on the tracks, a blanket in case of cold, protection from flames and broken glass, documents and a wallet. In a moving train, go to a neighboring car, preferably in the direction of movement. When stopped, leave the carriage, if possible from the side where there are no railway tracks. Just do not scatter in all directions, as the arrived rescuers will look for you near the canvas. Going far, you risk losing the help intended for you.
If the car is very smokey, cover your nose and mouth with a cloth dampened with water with a towel, pillowcase, sheet, piece of torn clothing. No water? Use any other liquid tea, milk, urine. Thanks to such a simple technique, people managed to survive not only during fires, but even in Hitler’s gas chamber machines. It is simple but effective. In half-empty cars, you can move on your knees, as there is less smoke at the floor. Jumping out of the train on the go is deadly fun! What are you saying? There is nothing to breathe, but the path to neighboring cars is cut off? Then open the windows and breathe in the fresh air. Just remember that additional draft will contribute to the fire.!
Already contributed? And are you going to jump because the fire licks your heels? Wait a minute! Maybe you can get out of the window and sit on the frame or, hanging on the frame, win a few more minutes before the train stops? Have you decided to jump? Then be sure to knock out the window in order to have more free space, put on all your clothes, grasp the mattress to protect your body and head, stand on the table and jump right after the next contact pole flashes. In order to reassure the reader, frightened by the prospects of a railway fire, I’ll inform you that the car is still not a tin can and to protect passengers it has a whole fire safety system of 12 smoke sensors alone! That is, one for each compartment!
For safety reasons, while on the train, you must.
Put children in the car to the safest places on the lower shelves, in the direction of the train.
Lie down on the side shelves in the direction of movement, so that during emergency braking, do not break the cervical vertebrae.
Know where emergency exits are located and how they work.
Remove sharp and dangerous things and objects from the floor and table.
Fully, before locking, open or close the compartment door.
It is impossible.
Overload the upper luggage racks.
Sticking your head out of open windows.
At the time of the accident, the train must.
Grasp the protruding shelves.
Group at the moment of falling, cover your head with your hands.
After the accident, leave the car immediately, taking warm clothes, a blanket, documents with you.
Provide first aid to those in need.
It is impossible.
Jump out of the train to its full stop.
Go to the side where the oncoming path is located.
Depart after an accident far from the train.
And yet, fires and wrecks on the railroad do not happen so often, and not so many people suffer in them, as, for example, when the glass was broken.
Domestic injuries in the train and its prevention.
A stone thrown into a train flies at a speed at least equal to the speed of the train. Imagine what a stone can fly with your face flying at a speed of 60,100 km / h. I personally saw the wreckage of bricks, pierced through double window glass and hard upholstery on the ceiling in the compartment. Such a brick is more like an armor-piercing shell. When laying down to sleep on the shelf opposite the train, it is better to turn your head to the aisle and be sure to curtain the window. Better is this, albeit not the most reliable, protection against cobblestones and glass fragments, than no.
It’s generally better to stay away from the window on the train. You never know what can fly into it from the ground or a train running in the opposite direction. I was told about a case when, when transporting decommissioned military equipment, a tower came off at a corner of a tank mounted on a platform and a heavy gun hit the oncoming passenger train from the first to the last carriage. There were a lot of smashed glasses and heads. In addition to extreme wrecks, fires, there are less effective, so to speak, everyday train hazards. For example, food. What does the train have to do with it? And despite the fact that passengers sometimes go there for several days, there are no refrigerators in the compartment, and, on the contrary, there is an excess of heat.
Under such conditions, a couple of trifles will be poisoned by stale products. And there are only two places for suffering in this carriage, by the way, and the conductors usually close one for themselves. In more serious cases, when, for example, spoiled meat or sausage is used, the victims will no longer need sanitary ware, but the intensive care unit. Do not take fast food products on the train or eat them on the first day. Soaps, towels, glasses, toiletries and cutlery are better to use your own. Sleep preferably in tights or pajamas. In general, the less you contact the environment, the less itchy.
Some of my friends traveling to the south were taken off the train and spent a third of their vacation with other passengers of the car in the dysentery ward. They very much remembered this journey. Another danger is tea. More precisely, hot tea, more precisely, tea that has just boiled. Each of us, probably, had to hear exclamations of indignation and curses scalded with drops of tea splashed out from glasses of tea. I once heard a two-hour cry of a burnt, and very strong, child. I’m afraid the marks on that trip on his face will last a lifetime.
Therefore, if you do not want to cause trouble for yourself or other passengers, take boiling water only in parking lots or even sections of the track when the car does not shake and does not throw it from side to side like a fishing seiner storming in the open sea, and be sure to fill glasses and mugs no more than two-thirds of the volume, but rather use special deep cans, wrapped so as not to burn your fingers with a rag.
Actions in case of lagging behind the train.
The only advice is do not try to compete with the composition in the race and jumping from a place into a moving carriage. Many in this competition lose legs, arms and lives. The railway provides for measures to help passengers who are behind the train. You just need to contact the duty officer at the station or the station head, and they will help you and they will put us on the train, and deliver the goods where necessary.
So do not rush, bulging eyes, jumping on the platforms. It’s not your life that leaves you just a train. Try to keep an eye on the aprons for children. In my very childhood I myself lay on a rail in front of a dirty iron wheel, falling into the gap between the car and the platform. This is very unpleasant. Especially when they announce the departure and release the brakes. It’s good that they grabbed me on time, otherwise I could observe the same wheel, but already in motion. On my own feet.
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Accidents and Natural Disasters.