We are afraid of airplanes, meanwhile, in public urban transport it is much more dangerous, it often gets into disasters than airplanes. A lot more often. And if you collect all the victims of public transport one by one, two, three, they will not fit into ten airbuses. So it’s better to be afraid. Be afraid and be prepared for self-salvation.
Accidents in public transport, behavior and traumatic hazards in public transport.
Let’s start with a simple, with traumatic danger in public transport. The steps of most public vehicles, especially for the elderly and especially in bad weather, are no less dangerous than the rock wall for the climbers storming it. Only this wall, which is not very steep and uncomfortable, also strives to leave underfoot or throw an ascendant with a blow of a closing door to the forehead. Do not yawn here, the standards are like in the army on an obstacle course: 10 seconds to approach, 10 to overcome. Who did not have time he was late.
city transport burns very quickly. In this case, the nose and mouth should be protected in advance with a scarf, scarf, hollow clothing, sleeve or other material, if possible wetted with any liquid. The burning materials used in the decoration of buses and trams are very toxic, and it is enough to take just a few breaths to lose consciousness.
If you find small fires, you must inform the driver about them and try to extinguish the fire on your own with the help of a fire extinguisher, sand stored in a special drawer or locker under the seat, or a thick cloth (up to raincoats, jackets), usually hanging closer to the driver’s seat, inside the cabin etc. clothes). In urban electric vehicles during a fire, burning electrical wiring is a danger. Therefore, it is better not to touch the walls and metal parts of the case once again. And do not fill the fire with water or other liquids. In the event of an accident, in the event that the current-carrying wire is damaged, the safest places in the tram or trolley are sedentary. At the same time, it is better to tear off the legs from the floor, and do not lean on the walls and handrails.
To get out of the electric transport it is necessary to jump, simultaneously with two legs forward, without touching the handrails and other parts of the body, so as not to close the electric circuit with your body. Do not try, standing on the ground, to help other passengers leaving. Such politeness can be deadly for both you and them. The indicated trickle jump output should be used even in cases where there is no visible damage to the design of the trolleybus or tram and power line.
In the event of an accident involving a coup or a hitching of vehicles on the slopes, the first passengers who climbed out must take the most energetic measures to secure the bus from further sliding or a coup caused by the displacement of people in the passenger compartment. The easiest way to do this is to place some three-dimensional objects under the side in unstable equilibrium. The principle of the railway shoe, placed under the wheel of the car.
In order not to suffer from an accident in public transport, you must:
Hold the handrails.
Stand facing traffic to notice danger in time.
Group in a collision, cover your head with your hands.
Leave the vehicle quickly. Get out of the electric vehicle by jumping, without touching the handrail, so as not to get an electric shock.
Use emergency exit (sunroof or window) or break glass.
It is impossible:
Walk around the cabin.
Cluttering the aisle with things.
Closer 10 15 meters to the emergency transport.
A certain threat in modern city transport is the excessive crowding of passengers in the cabin. This is the same crowd with all its inherent dangers of stampede, panic. In such crowding, sick people often suffer from stampede, lack of air, heat and psychological stress. Unfortunately, not only suffer, but often even die.
If someone is feeling sick in a crowded bus near you, take this seriously. Make every effort to free the person from the crush, provide him with access to fresh air, take him to the street at the first stop. And try to find a medical worker among the passengers. There are a lot of people in the transport, it cannot be that among them there is not a single doctor who can provide qualified assistance.
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Accidents and Natural Disasters.