Actions in case of accident or fire in the car and in motor vehicles.

Actions in the event of a car accident should be worked out to automaticity. At the time of the accident, passengers should cover their heads with their hands and fall on the seat, possibly resting their elbows and knees in the back in front of the seat. Adults need to protect children with their bodies, clasping their hands and pressing them tight to their chest. 

Actions in case of accident or fire in the car and in motor vehicles.

The main principle of action during an accident can be formulated briefly to try to be as low as possible and take up as little space as possible. The sooner passengers react to danger, the more likely they are to have a healthy outcome. Therefore, it is not necessary to ridicule the reinsurers, which are almost falling on the seats. Think of it as a workout. It’s better to be wrong a hundred times for the better than once for the worse.

, why sniff it, does it smell like gasoline, smoke, help passengers get out of the car. If the doors do not open, try to lower the windows or use any improvised item, wrench, mount, speed lever to knock out the windows and clean the fragments protruding from the frame seal. It is easy to squeeze the windshield with your feet, resting your back on the seat and hitting his heels in its lower corner. When throwing an injured car over the side of the road, you should make sure that it is impossible to further roll over or crawl down the slope. If the car is in an unstable position and there is no danger of ignition, it is better for the driver and passengers to remain motionless, waiting for help.

And if you get out, then very carefully, one at a time, trying not to violate the alignment of the machine and always through the windows facing the top of the slope. If you get down the slope, you can fall under the body that has set in motion. Everyone who gets out of the passenger compartment must hold the car until the last person leaves it. People trapped in the wreckage of a car should not be pulled out using force. The only exceptions are cases that threaten a fire or a fall in vehicles from a cliff. If the victim cannot be removed immediately, it is necessary to examine and feel the space around him, to remove the fragments that have jammed him. In case of penetrating wounds or suspected fracture of the spine, it is better not to touch the victim, since any awkward movement can aggravate his position or even lead to death.

First aid should be provided on the spot, trying not to change the position of the victim until the arrival of professional doctors and rescuers who have all the necessary equipment, and most importantly, experience in such conditions. When a car falls into a pond, all windows should be closed immediately to slow down the speed of immersion. If you are alone in the car, you can try to get out through the only lowered glass. Or wait until the car is completely immersed in water, float up or stand on the ceiling, where an air cushion is formed, which can provide air for at least a few minutes.

They must be used to get rid of heavy, voluminous clothes and shoes that will pull to the bottom and cling to machine parts. When the water level inside the cabin rises above the level of the door, thereby equalizing the pressure inside and out, try to open it. At the jammed door, the glass should be lowered or knocked out with some kind of heavy object. In a car full of passengers, it is preferable to knock out the largest windshield or rear window, directing a blow into the corner. Next, you need to take a few deep breaths and exhalations to ventilate the lungs, take in as much air as possible and float to the surface.

If you lose orientation (for example, in muddy, opaque water), let out a few air bubbles from your mouth, they will show you the exact direction of movement. The person most confident in the water should leave the salon last, insuring the victims. Doubtful advice on jumping out of the car at the moment of its brief fall from the bridge into the water or using stocks as improvised scuba gear I exclude as fantastic. This is available except to James Bond. And then only in films, in the pool, with an active safety net by a team of fifty divers.

In order not to suffer in a car accident, it is necessary.

Keep the car in technical condition.
Fasten seat belts.
Have a heavy glass-breaking item in the cabin.
Have a first aid kit.
In case of an accident, translate a frontal impact into a sliding one.
At the time of the accident, passengers cover their heads with their hands and fall on the seat, resting their elbows and knees in the back of the seat in front.
In the event of an accident, the driver rests his feet on the floor, and hands on the steering wheel, press his head to his hands and, straining all the muscles, wait for the blow. Or fall sideways on the passenger seat.
The main principle of action in an accident is to try to be as low as possible and take up as little space.
After stopping the car, leave the passenger compartment. If during an accident the door jammed, knock out the windshield.
Make sure there is no fire hazard..
Lock the car if it is in unstable balance.
People trapped in the wreckage of the machine should not be pulled out using force.

It is impossible.

Put children in the front seat.
Allow children to play with door handles.
Carry additional fuel and other dangerous goods in the cabin and trunk.
Stay inside a crashed car with a strong smell of gasoline.

Actions in case of fire in a car.

A much rarer accident than an accident. But no less destructive. A fire most often occurs due to a car malfunction (mains failure, oil leakage and fire), as a result of an accident or due to careless handling of fire by the driver or passengers. Any fire in a car, except for malicious explosions, begins with a smell, leaking gasoline, oil or smoke. The smell is the first and sometimes the only signal of danger. Having felt it, it is necessary to stop, turn off the engine, inspect the car, find and eliminate the cause that caused it. And then further tips will not come in handy..

A modern car is crammed with synthetic materials that, when burned, kill a person in minutes. That is why it is necessary to respond to any fire threat instantly. What most drivers don’t do, as they have a bad habit of first getting to a convenient parking lot. And they get to the district morgue. A small fire can always be extinguished using an onboard fire extinguisher, directing the jet at a source of ignition. Ah, you do not have it? Or is it faulty because you drove a dummy for inspection? So you have the opportunity to buy a new car every calendar month.

Not? Then grab a piece of dense tarpaulin, in a pinch, a cloak and cover this hearth, depriving it of oxygen access. Or pour on him a whole supply of Pepsi Cola. Or throw sand, earth, snow. Just do not try to extinguish a fire if you have just worked with gasoline or oil. Burn before the car. Act from afar. Open the hood, from under which smoke is falling, with a stick. Splash water a few meters away from the fire. Call for help people. Well, did you manage? Not? Then run back to 10 15 meters, so as not to fall under a possible explosion, and try to quickly reconsider your attitude to life values. And remember that in childhood you really enjoyed riding a bike.

Yes, do not forget to drive away, pull in tow, push away, or at least pour water on nearby machines. In order for the injured drivers not to unite right there, on the spot, into a society of car burners and not arrange a Lynch trial against you. It is extremely dangerous to save your ignited car, trying to get under your own power to the nearest reservoir or fire station. Even if they are only three hundred meters away. Even if a hundred! Remember, continuing on a burning car, you endanger not only your life! Although its first!

Based on materials from the School of Survival in Accidents and Natural Disasters.
Andrey Ilyichev.

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