, dropped from Tu-2 bomber aircraft. For this, open pendants were used, as well as streamlined closed containers-pendants type P-101 and P-90, created in 1943.
After the Great Patriotic War, along with improving the organizational structure of the airborne troops, airborne equipment and military transport aviation improved. Significant success was achieved in improving the reliability of parachute systems for heavy loads. The emergence of wide-body transport aircraft with aft hatch type An-8 and An-12 marked a new stage in the development of airborne equipment.
Parachute landing equipment in the post-war period.
In the sixties, the paratrooper platform PP-127-3500 appeared on the armament of the paratroopers, intended for landing on it military equipment and military cargo with a flight weight of 2700 to 5000 kg. In the same years, the parachute-landing system for barrels PDSB-1 and the parachute-reactive system PRS-3500 were created.
In the 70s, airborne assault landing gear of a new generation appeared. Thus, the PP-128-5000 parachute platform made it possible to drop cargo with a flight mass of 4500 to 8500 kg. Then, the P-7 parachute platform is created, intended for airborne cargo with a flight weight from 3,700 to 9,500 kg, and the P-16 parachute platform has provided airborne cargo landing at a weight of up to 21,000 kg.
Airborne parachute equipment as an integral part of the airborne equipment develops and improves in parallel with the development of science and technology. A huge merit in this belongs to the remarkable Soviet designers M. A. Savitsky, A. I. Privalov, N. A. Lobanov, F. D. Tkachev, the Doronin brothers, who stood at the origins of Russian parachuting.
Textbook Content Airborne training, cargo parachute assault forces, their preparation, landing of military equipment and cargo.
Names accepted in the Textbook.
Chapter 1. The basics of the landing of military equipment and cargo.
1.1. Parachute systems.
1.2. Parachute platforms.
Chapter 2. The multi-dome parachute system MKS-5-128R.
2.1. VPS-8 exhaust parachute system.
2.2. Optional retractable parachute.
2.3. Main parachute block.
2.4. Mounting a parachute system on a frame 130, 104 or platform 135.
2.5. The operation of the parachute system in the air.
Chapter 3. The multi-dome parachute system MKS-5-128M.
3.1. VPS-12130 exhaust parachute system.
3.2. Parachute exhaust block with a dome area of 4.5 m2.
3.3. Stabilizing Parachute Block.
3.4. Main parachute block.
3.5. Installation of the parachute system on the platform 135.
3.6. The operation of the parachute system in the air.
Chapter 4. Parachute platform P-7.
4.1. Cargo platform.
4.2. Automatic devices.
4.3. Support Tools & Documentation.
Chapter 5. Preparation and landing of the P-7 platform.
5.1. Preparing the platform for mooring cargo and loading it into military transport aircraft.
5.2. Loading aircraft IL-76.
5.3. Loading An-22 aircraft.
5.4. Loading An-12B aircraft.
5.5. Work platform in the air.
5.6. Unloading a platform from an IL-76 aircraft.
5.7. Maintenance work.
Chapter 6. Preparation of military equipment and cargo for landing on the P-7 platform from Il-76 and An-22 aircraft.
6.1. BMD-1 landing vehicle.
6.2. Armored personnel carrier BTRD.
6.3. BM-21V combat vehicle.
6.4. UAZ-450 car.
6.5. UAZ-469rh car.
6.6. TZ-2-66D tanker, MPC-DAT workshop and R-142 product.
Chapter 7. Parachute platform ПП-128-5000.
7.1. Cargo platform.
7.2. Automatic devices.
7.3. Support Tools & Documentation.
Chapter 8. Preparation and landing of the PP-128-5000 platform from An-12B aircraft.
8.1. Preparation of the platform for mooring cargo and loading it on the plane.
8.2. GAZ-66B vehicle preparation for landing from an airplane.
8.3. Aircraft loading.
8.4. Work platform in the air.
8.5. Maintenance work with PP-128-5000.
1. Storage parachute.
2. Characteristics of tapes and cords.