Traction the knife in men, most likely a legacy from their ancestors. Knife – a weapon of the first hunter, which was endowed with magical properties. In some cultures knife associated with the rite of initiation – the transformation from a boy into a warrior. Also knife was a phallic symbol and an important attribute of a sexually mature man. Wearing the knife has always been the privilege of a free citizen. In Soviet times knife demonized, driving everything into the head that only criminals carry it, but for a normal person knife in your pocket is not needed. So far we have to face the consequences of this propaganda. but knife It remains a cult object, and finding another equally masculine accessory is not so easy.
The history of folding knives
The earliest known today folding knives belong to the middle of the Iron Age (600–500 BC). The oldest pocket blade with a bone handle was found during the excavation Hallstatt (territory of modern Austria). Similar tools, created by Iberian artisans, were also found in Spain. In the heyday of the Roman Empire, every self-respecting person carried this device with him. Jackknife was used during the meal – in Rome it was considered good form if the guest came to a feast with with his knife. Thus, he also provided himself with a certain degree of security, without breaking the law – large daggers, openly worn in the sheath, promised legal problems.
600–500 BC er – The first Roman knives. The knives had a purely utilitarian purpose and were used until complete wear, therefore, very few knives of that time came to us in complete safety.
The remains of Roman knives from Gellep (Germany) and modern reproduction
Antique Spanish Navaja XVI. – Folding knives Navaja appear in Andalusia (southern Spain). They became very popular in connection with the tightening of Spanish anti-weapon legislation, which deprived unprivileged classes of the right to carry full-fledged weapons.
1650-1700 – folding knives are widespread among the peasants in Western Europe. There are so-called penny farm knives (penny knife still make up the basic models of the French brand Opinel). The leading position in the production of knives is occupied by knife guilds from Sheffield (England) and Solingen (Germany).
Early 17th century – France has become the world’s largest knife maker. The best handmade knives were made in Paris, and cheap blades for commoners – in Langres and Chatelero. The spirit of that time brought us French marks Laguiole, Nontron and Opinel.
French classics with Andalusian roots from Laguiole
Knife brand Puma from Solingen (Germany)
Classic pocket knife from masters from Sheffield (England)
Petite Frenchman Opinel No.3
Another heir to the famous French knives
By 1775–1783 – the period of the War of Independence of the USA – folding knives Get a variety of knife locks, rings for the guy, springs, mounted on the back of the handle and bolt designs:
- Liner lok – becomes the most popular type of castle. For fixing, a flat spring plate is used that presses the blade;
- Lock clutch (virolol) – fixing the blade, known for the knives of the French company Opinel. The blade is fixed swivel coupling with a cut;
- Backlock – the blade is fixed from the back side by the protrusion of the spring-loaded lever rocker arm. The blade is released by pressing the lever, which is accessible in the back of the handle.
In the late 1880s, the Swiss Army adopted a new folding pocket knife for their soldiers. He was supposed to help the army team to open canned food and service a Schmidt-Rubin rifle M1889, which needed a screwdriver to disassemble. “Soldier’s Knife” was made in 1891 by the company Karl elsener, which was later called Victorinox. In 1893, the second Swiss company, later renamed Wenger Company, has released a similar product. In 1908, the Swiss army, to avoid favoritism and maintain healthy competition, divided the contract for the supply of knives between the two manufacturers. In 2005 Victorinox acquired the company Wenger, turned out to be on the verge of bankruptcy so that it does not fall into the hands of foreigners, and the quality and status swiss knife remained unshakable.
A copy of the soldier’s knife from Wenger 1893, published in limited edition in 2008
Dover Street Market X Victorinox. Collaboration London concept store Rei Kawakubo with the Swiss giant
Collection of Victorinox designer knives released in association with Wallpaper magazine
Hudsons Bay X Victorinox. By the way, the Victorinox army knife, maybe not so bright, is included in the list of standard equipment of astronauts NASA
In 2007, Wenger launches the most complex Swiss army knife of 87 items
Porsche Design X Wenger. Manufacturer of accessories for sports car enthusiasts undertook to improve the knife Wenger
Examples of knives of the American revolutionaries of the XVIII century
Knives of the Revolutionary War in the USA
Reprint of the Swiss “army man” C. Elsener to the 125th anniversary
Collaboration by British designer Christopher Rayburn with Victorinox
After World War II Asia was the scene of hostilities. The Vietnam War gave impetus to the evolution of tactical “skladnik”. American knives are beginning to be in demand all over the world. There is a growing interest in customized combat and sports knives handmade, knifemaking is actively developing in Korea and Japan, where craftsmen have learned to combine eastern blacksmith traditions and western functionality.
In the 1980s jackknife became again indispensable in everyday life. Collectors appeared, specialized magazines devoted to this topic began to be published.
Buck 110 knife is the most replicable in the world
The classic model Buck 110, created in the collaboration with Supreme in 2009
The original Soviet knife with the symbols of the Olympics-80
American Benchmade Nimravus
Why might a knife be useful?
The knife is a universal tool. If you can only dig with a shovel, only chop with an ax, only saw with a saw, and only mow with a scythe, good knife (not even a multitool) you can do it all and more. In addition to the obvious things, with a knife you can do the following:
- Pry off the envelope in the mailbox and open it;
- Open a bottle, a bag of milk, a tin;
- Attach a cold blade to the injury or bruise;
- Strip the wire;
- Screw the screw;
- Become an indispensable assistant in the office: pick out the jammed paper from the printer, cut the cakes on the corporate party;
- To correct manicure “like a man”, to get rid of the mourning edging under the nails;
- Check the accuracy of the scales on the market (the owner of the knife always knows its exact weight to a gram);
- To beat a toothpick out of the material at hand;
- Make your younger brother a slingshot;
- To cut the hair out of a beard, with a great desire and the presence of a sharp blade – shave, etc.
How to buy a quality and inexpensive knife?
Commented by Denis, the seller of the store “Knife and Co.” in the shopping center “European”:
“There are only two firms that make good knives at a low price. First – Swiss Wenger and Victorinox, which merged into one firm, and the second – Opinel – native France. Both those and others produce colossal circulation, due to which they allow themselves to keep a low price. Base knife Wenger costs from 500 rubles. Of course, these are not knives for those who build Rambo out of themselves, but rather for those who want to cut bread or bacon neatly.
Knives from transitions – this is already a common name. This Chinese trash will either be folded to your fingers, or collapsed, or bent, or blunt after the first loaf of bread, but I will not even talk about disgusting aesthetics.
The person who buys high quality from us expensive knife, most likely, it will be worn very neatly, like an expensive watch, or simply put it on the shelf in the collection next to the same one. And the one who bought a knife in the transition for an amount that does not oblige him to anything, can peek anyone and then throw it away. ”
How to care for a knife?
The knife must be sharp. You can check its sharpness with the help of a sheet of newspaper: a sharp blade cuts, and does not tear a newspaper held at one end, on the weight. The sharper the sharpening angle, the better it will cut the blade, but the more carefully you will have to handle it. Beginners are recommended to sharpen the blade manually, and not on the machine. Ideally, you need to have a set of three grinding stones of different grain sizes. Details and subtleties of technology here:
If a knife clogged with dirt, sand or dust from a pocket, blow the mechanisms with compressed air or rinse with water and a brush.
The design of some models knives allows you to disassemble it. Do not soak the instrument in water, especially if wood or bone is used in its handle. When dried, it may change shape or split.
Grease your knife, especially after washing it with soap or solvent. Handle the connection folding knife any gun or watch oil. In addition, all blades, especially Damascus, are subject to corrosion, and they should also be lubricated.
Handles made from natural materials also need to be periodically treated with mineral oil or wax.
On the “letter of the law”:
Operational duty officer of the Arbat ATS A.P. Krasnopyatov told me that folding knives are difficult to classify as steel arms, but still did not recommend carrying them around the city:
“Many carry knives – now it’s not forbidden to wear them. For wearing cold weapons is difficult to attract: everyone says that they have a knife to cut the sausage. Here before the blade longer than 15 centimeters belonged to melee weapons, but now it can only establish the expertise. And we have no reason to select such knives. I love knives myself. But I take a knife only for hunting and fishing, and then on a belt and in a case. And so they are stored in my home safe. And to carry a knife in the city, especially for self-defense, is inappropriate. “
By law, you can store at home, in the garage or in the country any steel arms. The crime is the fact that you carry it with you or carry it in a car. If all the factors described below fall under the description of your knife, then it can be recognized as a melee weapon:
- After opening the blade stands on the lock;
- Blade length over 90 millimeters;
- The thickness of the blade butt (back side of the blade) is more than 2.6 millimeters:
- Hardness became higher than 42 Rockwell units. Hardness units are denoted by the letters HRC and are contained in the passport of any decent knife;
- The blade is ejected automatically when the button is pressed, or is pulled out of the moving handle of the two halves, hinged to the blade (balisong or “butterfly”);
- The blade is sharpened on both sides over a length of more than 50 mm.
Unpleasant situations with law enforcement officers can also be avoided by certificate, which any self-respecting store gives out when buying a knife. It contains the characteristics and the expert opinion that this knife is not cold arms.
Purchase of knives over the Internet
The first thing that comes to mind when you go to a Moscow store selling beautiful and high-quality knives: “And if I don’t order a knife on a foreign website?” However purchase serious knife On the Internet – it’s not easy. First, many stores simply do not cooperate with Russia. Secondly, even if the model is classified as household, it is actively sold on the territory of the Russian Federation and is certified accordingly, the package can be slowed down. There is a possibility that, citing Article 17 of the “Law on Arms”, it will be necessary to coordinate the importation of a knife with MIA, since the purchase may be “constructively similar to melee weapons”. Another option – the package is simply “wrapped.”
If you decide to try your luck, find certificate on this model in Russian. Before you buy a product, send it to the seller, ask them to print it out and put it in the package. Then it remains only to relax and wait: if customs returns the goods to the seller, and it turns out to be decent, you will be refunded money.
On thematic forums, knowledgeable people write that “skladniki” go through customs easier, but for the army “Swiss” or modest penknife From WR Case do not worry.
Folding knives in the cinema
Danila Bagrov in the domestic hit “Brother 2” sculpts a crossbow using Victorinox’s Swisstool.
The protagonist “127 hours” forgot Victorinox army knife at home on the shelf. I had to cut off my hand with a Chinese replica of the multitool from Letherman.
In the first part of Kill Bill, Uma Thurman’s heroine cracks down on an unscrupulous doctor named Buck with the help of a Buck 112 Ranger knife.
Heath Ledger’s hero especially liked the Dalton Cupid OTF knife with frontal blade ejection from the touch of a button.
Dr. Lecter was a great lover of knives. The most curious of his collection is the customized Spyderco Harpy.
The most popular models of folding knives
The knife Kershaw 12GAD, made in the form of a cartridge for a gun, fits perfectly into the hunting cartridge belt.
The Boker scout knife was dedicated to the 140th anniversary of the German company.
Balison (knife-butterfly) is considered a traditional Filipino knife. According to one theory, it was invented by local fishermen, on the other – the knife was brought from Europe to the islands during the period of Spanish rule.
Hunting knife from the Italian brand Fox, producing knives since 1977. Many models are made using natural deer antlers.
Higonokami – a type of pocket Japanese knife without a clamp, produced over the centuries in the same traditional manner.
Gentleman’s knife from Le Thiers with a corkscrew comes from the region of France, where since ancient times the best blades were made.
Italian stilettos throwing out a blade with a beautiful click, flooded the USA in the 1950s. This knife has become a symbol of the Italian mafia.
Remington Bullet – an elegant knife with two blades from the eminent American weapon giant for those who for some reason can not afford a rifle of this brand.
Pennsylvania Knives W.R. Case cherish their traditions. All their products are labeled “Made in USA” and “Handmade”.
Duk-duk – the classical French folding knife which became popular in the African colonies. Its handle is made of steel plate, bent with the letter “P”. Inside is a flat spring that holds the blade open or closed.