All long-lasting products at the disposal of the injured person form an untouchable food stock (NZ). Use this food supply is possible only as a last resort. Unfortunately, often a person begins to save only after he has the last cracker.
Safe food stock for survival in an emergency or emergency.
Conflict situations that arose at sea as a result of the fact that the most starving crew members insisted that it is easier to starve when there is nothing left than to chronically undernourish are observed, watching how products gradually deteriorate!
, astronauts. Of course, an emergency diet cannot substitute for either a qualitative or quantitative nutrition. But even partial compensation of a person’s energy consumption in conditions of autonomous existence is more profitable than complete starvation. A number of studies show that people who receive a diet that covers 10-15% of their energy expenditures feel slightly better than those who are completely starving..
But, perhaps, the most significant thing is that the presence of an emergency diet gives a person great hope for a successful outcome of the accident. He is no longer afraid to starve to death, as he knows that he has been provided with food for at least 3-4 days. Here, it’s not even the grocery supply of oil products that is important, of which there are very few, in principle, the confidence that it exists, that you can open it and eat it at any time is important. The presence of grocery NS is also desirable in the case of work related to significant physical overloads: prolonged running, transporting the victim, preparing firewood for an emergency fire bonfire, etc..
In this case, energy costs increase many times and are explosive. If they are not replenished at least partially, a person can lose their activity for a considerable period of time, lose their psychological stability. Grocery NS should be collected from high-calorie, long-lasting foods with a low specific gravity and volume. Another important requirement for an emergency diet is the possibility of its use without additional cooking.
The qualitative composition of emergency rations should have approximately the same proportions as the daily ration with normal nutrition. Carbohydrates 50-60% of all calories, fats 25-35%, proteins 12-15%. This ratio may vary depending on the climatic conditions of the accident site, usually due to an increase in the volume of fats and carbohydrates. Typically, relatively common products are invested in home-made emergency supplies: chocolate, stew, condensed milk and coffee with milk, walnuts, crackers, biscuits, honey, sugar; in the winter bacon and smoked sausage are added. Some travelers make special high-calorie pemmican mixes.
When calculating an emergency diet, one should proceed from the following figures: 1 g of fat provides the body with 9.1 kcal, 1 g of protein 4.0 kcal, 1 g of carbohydrates 4.1 kcal. If a person engaged in moderate labor requires 33.5 thousand kcal to cover daily energy costs, then in an emergency, 400-600 kcal should be content. Therefore, it is very important, maintaining yourself in working condition with the help of grocery NS, as soon as possible to provide yourself with food on the spot. At the same time, the first two days, if climatic conditions allow (during severe cold, you have to reduce the duration of complete fasting), it is better to abstain from food, as there are still enough home stocks in the body.
Such a short-term hunger will not bring harm, but will save food. The only thing that a person can feel, except, of course, a purely physical feeling of hunger, slight dizziness and shortness of breath when doing physical work. During this time, you need to try to find a way to provide yourself with food through fishing, hunting or collecting wild edible plants. Ideally, the grocery stock of oil products does not even have to be opened. Cases are known where after weeks of autonomous stay in the taiga, victims transferred unopened emergency rations to rescuers.
As NZ is spent, the volume of rations can be reduced. After the victims were able to provide themselves with food from local resources, NZ should be restored (or form a new emergency diet) at the expense of local plant and animal products preserved by primitive methods. However, we will not deceive ourselves: even the most economical consumption of NK does not solve the problem of hunger. You won’t eat some crackers for a month. Sooner or later, the victims will be faced with the choice of either learning to find and use the gifts of nature, or perishing from exhaustion.
And such gifts around a person in distress will be found a great many. Only, unlike the self-service store, the products in the forest or the desert are not packaged in packages, are not laid out on shelves and are not equipped with price tags, that is, they have a pristine and very unusual appearance for the townspeople. It is impossible to survive here, because it is impossible to find food here, as nine out of ten people think, being alone in the wilderness. Indeed, soon they will safely depart to another world surrounded by dozens of edible plants and edible crawling, jumping, flying and swimming living creatures of animals, birds, fish, insects. Examples? You are welcome.
Three tourists from the Lithuanian city of Panevezys, two young guys, Guntautas, Valentas, and the girl Julia decided to independently go through the picturesque and unvisited area of the Altai mountains. On May 30, they left the village of Edigan, carrying with them all the necessary equipment and a weekly supply of food. Having crossed two ridges, tourists expected to go to Lake Teletskoye. But after just a few days’ journey, sunny warm weather gave way to cooling, lingering rains. Having decided to go to their goal directly, by compass, the tourists got lost. Soon the products ran out. The most hardy and strongest of them, Guntautas, set off to search for people.
The rest waited for him for 26 days. All this time they had no food. Valentas became so weak that he could not rise. Then Julia went for help. People found her in the mountains in the middle of oblivion, and then saved Valentas. Guntautas was found later, but they could no longer help him. Having recovered, Valentas Marcinkevicius told reporters. I concluded that with all our education, we are defenseless and even helpless in such situations. But this tragedy unfolded in the taiga, where there are no less than one vegetable food per square meter than the average for the same meter in a vegetable store!
Okay, taiga, but even the barren polar tundra and sandy desert for a knowledgeable person can be as abundant as your own well-groomed garden! Do you think this is an exaggeration? Not at all! For example, the ancient Chukchi used in their diet more than 23 species of wild plants! And how many vegetables and fruits do you grow in your garden? Then you will not reach the Australian natives at all. They knew about 300 useful plants. And only because of this they lived where the European died in a matter of days.
Based on the book Methods of Autonomous Human Survival in Nature.
Maslov A.G., Konstantinov Yu.S., Latchuk V.G..