A lot of reference books, medical books, scientific and popular science books have been written about the healing properties of wild plants. For several thousand years of its history, people have used anti-inflammatory drugs to treat colds, coughs, bronchitis, pneumonia, and medicinal plants..
Anti-inflammatory, for colds, coughs, bronchitis, pneumonia, wild medicinal plants.
Without complicating ourselves with Latin names and a detailed description of plant parts and mechanisms of therapeutic effect, we turn to the table below. It gives the names of plants, their places of growth, the time of collection, which parts of the plant, how and in what cases to use. The table shows that many medicinal plants can be used directly in raw, that is, natural form, without prior preparation. But still, most are used in the form of an elementary decoction or infusion.
Since the composition of the extract and the completeness of extraction of the necessary substances largely depend on the size of the applied medicinal plant, the following simple rules should be followed:
From small particles, the extraction is the most complete and occurs much faster.
Too strong grinding gives a poor-quality extract with a lot of flakes, fiber and other insoluble substances.
Leaves, flowers, grass are crushed to particles not exceeding 5 mm.
Stems, bark, roots and rhizomes not more than 3 mm.
Seeds and fruits – no more than 0.5 mm,
Most small flowers (chamomile, elderberry, yarrow, cornflower, violet, etc.) are prepared not chopped.
|Title||Place and condition of growth||Pick time||Used part||Form of use||For what purposes is it used|
|Anti-inflammatory for colds, coughs, bronchitis, pneumonia.|
|Ferula||Deserts of Central Asia.||All year round||Root||Fresh, crushed||Angina.|
|Spring primrose||Forest edges.||May||The whole plant, including the roots||Decoction||With inflammation of the lungs and upper respiratory tract.|
|Extraordinary peony, marin root||Eastern Siberia, Transbaikalia in the forest, at the edges.||May-October||Roots||Decoction||Cough, diarrhea, toothache, malaria, gastric, pain medication.|
|Medicinal dandelion||Everywhere.||May-August||Grass||Decoction||For colds.|
|Orchis slamate, spotted (cuckoo’s tears), two-leafed love (night violet)||Forest glades, bright forests, damp places.||June July||Tubers (young, daughter)||Decoction||As anti-inflammatory drugs, for poisoning, intestinal infections, toothache.|
|Round-billed sundew||In the sphagnum bogs of Siberia and the Far East.||June August||Grass||Decoction||For cough, with a cold.|
|Badan thick-leaved, saxifrage, salay||Taiga zone, on rocky slopes.||June July||Rhizomes||Decoction||Anti-inflammatory, lowers temperature, rinses with stomatitis.|
|Narrow-leaved fireweed||On the fringes, burns along the outskirts of the swamps.||July August||Leaves||Decoction||Anti-inflammatory, for headache, gastrointestinal disease.|
|Mullein scepter bear ear||Meadows, forest edges, on the sands, where there is little water.||June August||Corollas of Flowers||Decoction||For cough, with bronchitis and catarrh.|
Infusions and decoctions are prepared in such a way that from 10 parts of plant material 100 ml of extract is obtained. For example, to get 100 ml of decoction or infusion, you need to fill in about 10 parts of the crushed plant with 120-125 parts of water, taking into account that part of the water will be absorbed by plant material.
This is the rule for all types of medicinal plants containing tannins (oak bark, blueberries), essential oils (mint leaves, chamomile flowers, St. John’s wort), saponins (licorice roots), vitamins (rose hips, black currants, raspberries). Hoods for external use make it more concentrated. Infusions and decoctions from the roots and rhizomes of potent plants, such as valerian, are obtained at the rate of 1 part of raw material per 30 parts of water.
It is not advisable to prepare infusions and decoctions in metal dishes, since under the influence of metals the chemical composition of the extract can change and it will lose its healing properties, and in some cases it can cause poisoning.
The difference in the preparation of pastes and decoctions is small. The crushed vegetable raw materials for the preparation of the infusion are poured with the necessary amount of hot boiled water, closed with a lid or with something replacing it and heated in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes. Then the infusion is removed and cooled for at least 45 minutes. It is advisable to strain the cooled hood. If necessary, add boiled water to the desired volume. Unlike a decoction, the infusion can be stored for a little longer, but if stored in a dark, cool place and in non-metal dishes.
The broth is prepared in the same way as the infusion, but heated in a water bath for 30 minutes, then cooled for about 30 minutes and filtered. Decoctions of bearberry leaves, rhizomes and roots of rhubarb, rhizomes of serpentine and cinquefoil, oak bark and buckthorn are best filtered immediately after removal from the water bath, preventing even the slightest cooling, since decoctions of them quickly become cloudy even at the slightest drop in temperature. All water extracts in the summertime are quickly damaged. Therefore, they should not be procured for the future, but better for a day or two maximum. Infusions and decoctions used for colds are best taken warm.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of Survival.
Chernysh I. V.