When the firewood brushing fire finally burns up, you can begin to lay in them thicker, but always dry knots. And only when a sufficiently thick even layer of hot coals appears, it will be possible to consider that the bonfire is ready. Then, depending on the purpose of the fires, you should start laying the main firewood with one of the existing methods.
Appointment, methods of breeding and maintaining certain types of bonfires, precautions when working with a bonfire.
You can continue to stack firewood hut. This type of bonfire produces little coal and has a small heating zone. Above the narrow column of its flame, only one bowler can be placed. In addition, it must be constantly maintained. Styling burns through pretty quickly. But in heavy rain with dense laying, such a fire goes out more slowly, because the upper layers of firewood protect the lower ones from getting wet, and they themselves dry on their flame.
. True, cooking on it is inconvenient, and it gives poor lighting. Such a bonfire is usually built of three straight dry and even logs with a diameter of 35-40 centimeters and a length of 1.5 to 2.5 meters. The length of the logs is determined by the number of people sleeping at the campfire. For nodia, you should use dry coniferous trees pine, spruce, fir.
The tree is felled, sawn into logs of the desired length, which then belong to the bonfire. Harvested logs carefully, to ensure that they fit snugly against each other, are cleared with an ax of twigs and knots. To make logs flare up faster, nicks are made on them along the entire length. A node is being built on a ready-made fire, the coals of which are evenly raked over the entire length of the logs. In order to obtain the required amount of coal, the lattice already described above is usually used. Two lower logs are stacked next to each other on these coals as densely as possible..
In the gap remaining between them, they add brushwood, birch bark, small branches, and spruce branches. When arranging a bonfire, remember that the wind should blow along the stacked logs, or at an acute angle to them. When the brushwood flames up, a third log is placed on top of the cross lintels from branches not very thick, but capable of supporting its weight. Jumpers are necessary in order not to immediately strangle the flame. In addition, traction through the resulting cracks contributes to the rapid ignition of the logs. After a while, the jumpers will burn out, and the top log will lower to the bottom two. Bonfire is ready.
Nodia can burn up to 5-8 hours. Its burning is the more uniform, the denser the logs are adjacent to each other, so if necessary they are rotated around the longitudinal axis. There are other types of bonfires, but they are less common. You can learn about them from the numerous tourist literature today..
As I said, without a camp fire there is no camp. But, like any other source of energy, a bonfire is also a source of increased danger. When working with bowlers, remember that their handles are always very hot, so when removing them from the fire, use a specially designated bonfire mitt for this purpose. I think it makes no sense to prove that you can use only serviceable pots that will not fly off the handle and will not pour boiling water over you. In any case, it is desirable that your legs are closed and shod. Do not even come close to the bonfire in kapron, nylon, and other melting and flammable clothing. In case of fire you risk getting particularly severe burns. Girls are better off putting long hair under a hat.
For drying clothes, a special slipway is sometimes built. But most often, both beginners and already sophisticated search engines and tourists dry their uniforms directly on the bonfire crossbar after the pots have been removed from it. I warn you: being distracted by an interesting conversation that suddenly arose or a beautiful girl next to you, you risk seeing your things, so to speak, in a very shortened form. Winter is no exception, I have several times witnessed how one edge of the sock suspended in this way burns, while on the other edge the ice has not yet melted.
To ask to follow the things of a comrade is also risky; he is as much a living person as you are. So I highly recommend that when drying things do not let them out of your hands. As I have already mentioned, competent bonfire cultivation, especially nodi, is a special art in which success can be achieved in only one way by constant practice. And not only in hot summer conditions, neither rain, nor snow, nor wind should at a decisive moment become an obstacle for you, because there may be a situation when someone’s life will depend on your ability to work with a fire.
Therefore, do not be lazy to develop the necessary skills. It may be useful even to specially go to the forest in bad weather to practice in difficult conditions. Bonfire does not burn from laziness !. This should be your first rule. If you are too lazy to prepare the kindling, carefully place it, gently burn it, long and painstakingly maintain the light that is gaining strength, prepare firewood in advance and file neat, even logs, then you will not come to success. And, as in many other cases, it is not necessary to look for an objective cause of failure in external circumstances or the action of otherworldly forces.
Based on materials from the book Stalker Handbook. Alphabet of survival.