So, a little history of the appearance of weapons, designated as AR15, which later gave start to the M16 and M4 family, as well as to many clones and versions, so far, more than half a century later, more than 20 countries are in service, including, of course, USA. What I write is only my understanding of what I have learned. For exact dates and more complete information, refer to available sources, of which there are many on the Internet, I just want to make it interesting for you and perhaps encourage you to study weapons, to love them and shooting sport.
No comments)))) Let it be a cover for a photo report
Like me (author, Alexander Ten – note LastDay.Club) and spoke in the announcement, I’ll start with AR15. The question “Which is better – AK or AR?“Stirs the minds of many people, even those who, on duty or work, deal with weapons a lot, but in fact, still being” one-sided amateurs “))) yes, yes, because those who really shot a lot from AK and AR platforms , they will say only one thing – they are EQUAL. Often, AKs of sample 47 years are compared with M4, which is incorrect, for it is more correct to compare it with AK74M. And considering the possibilities of modern tuning, the best finished samples of AK are in no way inferior to the same masterpieces from AR.
Let’s start with the history of the creation of AR in my performance
The M16 / M4 family … The Black Rifle is the ideological and constructive rival of the Kalashnakov machine gun. The creators of these, without embellishment, unique rifle complexes are no longer alive. But during his lifetime, both Mikhail Kalashnikov and Eugene Stoner repeatedly met each other and managed to make friends.
By the end of the 50s, apparently oshalev from potential hordes of Soviet soldiers and their allies, very often, more than a decade running around the landfills and shooting from the hip with AK (well, we all remember footage from the program “Serving the Soviet Union”))))) and the terrible VDV and SPETSNAZ with ACS, jumping from the sky, in the US apparently realized that something had to be done, otherwise the Russians would flood all of them with lead. Thus, the concept of creating an intermediate patron in the USA was born, which the Germans themselves laid down in 1943 and developed in the USSR in 1947, adopting the AK itself. Moreover, by that time, when the USA had just begun to develop the AR15, the USSR had already received the first modernization of its AK-AKM.
A few years later, namely in 1957, the talented engineer Eugene Stoner, among many others, presented his concept of a rifle for a small-caliber intermediate cartridge 5.56×45 (.223). Already from 61, the rifle begins to enter the US Army Special Forces with limited arms, and since 1964 officially replaces the M14 in service with all units. After a short time, given the not very successful debut of the M16 in Vietnam, the modernization was carried out, called M16A1, moreover it was from that moment that the carbine began to be called as an “assault rifle”. Weapon liked the troops and earned the right to further life. Further, as usual, avalanche began to grow all sorts of modifications, including the Colt Commando shortener – later developed into M4 … By the way, being the first in the mass production of automatic machines (well, the Germans do not count))), the USSR still had to catch up with the United States, but it was precisely in the use of a small-calorie small-caliber cartridge, reducing the caliber from 7.62 to 5.45 in 1970, revealing to the world since then the almost unchanged AK74 for 5.45X39 cartridge (AK74M that appeared in the early nineties has a folding plastic butt and side optics mounting bar ).
Assault rifle NK416 with grenade launcher. Apotheosis of the development of the AR platform.
So, we are moving smoothly to the main point – after years, many companies continued to make many improvements to the M4 / M16 design, and one of the most successful ones, apparently, is NK416 (the code confirming the continuity from M4 and M16 is hidden in the digital designation). The assault rifle, beginning in 2004, begins to infiltrate into the special forces of the US Army and Navy, as well as SWAT police detachments. The culmination will be its adoption by the US Marine Corps as a single weapon in the designation M27. It is also worth noting that the 416th is the weapon of SEAL – Sea Seals and it was she who participated in the raid in Abbottabbad, where Osama bin Laden was eliminated. Another indisputable proof of the outstanding capabilities of these weapons is the fact that they planned to acquire them for arming the TsSN RF …
The original look of the HK MR223 carbine with a barrel of 16.5? and standard forend. For me personally, a short handguard more inconvenience …
Success among the military and police special forces led Heckler & Koch to release the civilian version of the assault rifle – HK MR223 (556) …
My swallow – HK MR223 left view. Carabiner in full body kit. In this form, she passed many courses and seminars, as well as training in the field, CQB and Long Range, at -30 and +40 degrees. And no matter how it was considered a move, with a regular store was used on a variety of hunts.
In just a few years of owning this beautiful carabiner, having fired more than 5,000 rounds from it, I can say the following:
- The carbine is extremely reliable, using only an imported power supply in it, I only had one !!!! the delay, or rather the problem – the cartridge picked up from the ground was buried in the chamber, and did not want to go back, driving it to the end using the “notorious” rammer, a shot was fired, after which it all worked again. It is worth noting that the automation system with a short piston stroke has a positive effect on reliability, unlike the same Stoner gas feed, however, having shot many DIAR AROKs on various courses and seminars, I will say this – and this system works perfectly and reliably.
- The carbine is very accurate. I regularly met a group of less than 1 MOA.
- The maximum range of my shooting from this carbine was 500 meters, while hits on 30 cm gong in a series of 10 shots were rarely less than 90%.
The front of the carabiner, you can see the DTK PVS, the Magpul front handle on the long Heisel forearm, as well as remote flashlight control buttons.
Tuning options for Heckler a great many, though not as accessible as on the AR15. The carbine was replaced / installed: DTK PWS; Geissele elongated shank, as well as USM of the same Super Select company; multi-mode flashlight with IR illumination from Surefire with a remote button, as well as inclined auxiliary sights of the same company; from the company Magpul – pistol grip, front and rear swivels, butt, button for quick reset of the slide delay, front tilt handle, belt and guard trigger; the cocking handle from the BCM; dual-channel LCC module with IPIM flashlight, 4×32 Trijicon ACOG combo RMR optics.
The back of the carbine. A rather high line of aiming at the collimator requires a certain amount of habituation, however, the versatility of AKOGA forgives him many ergonomic problems.
All that is done with this rifle – the fruit of many trial and error. Something that still wants to change. What to change, as well as why and why the standard equipment was installed or replaced, as usual, in the comments to the photos.
View carbine on the right side. A characteristic feature of the AR platform – posted trunk. Handguard, the entire length is not attached to the trunk. The fuse is bilateral, which is extremely convenient, especially with frequent transition from one shoulder to another.
View carbine with removed sights, LCU, lantern, magazine and belt. Note that the axis of the barrel and the butt pipes are strictly on the same line – from the point of view of physics, it is easier to take the recoil force and quickly return to the aiming line for the re-shot. When shooting a long burst, this feature becomes critical, especially for beginners.
Marking the trunk. Unlike military rifles, civilians are supplied with heavy forged and black barrels. In fact, the trunk carries the lion’s share of weight. There is a great desire to order an army standard chrome-plated lightweight barrel. The loss in accuracy will be insignificant for the tasks of this carbine.
View of the carbine without attachments, only the top and rear. The oblique additional aim devices are clearly visible. Frankly, since I shot them, I did not use them anymore, for ACOG did not let me down … and the carbine is flat …. highly.
And it looks like an incomplete disassembly of the carbine. The extended forearm Geisel is lighter than the standard, the same can be said about the Magpul butt versus the standard ChiK. Geisel today is perhaps one of the best options. Soon on 308 I will try a custom handguard from the Sureshot Armament Group – it looks very promising.
Disassembly procedure. A pin is squeezed out, an apper breaks in, we pull out a bolt group with a charger and EVERYTHING … assembly in reverse order, install the bolt, fold the carbine, insert the pin. EVERYTHING. Usually, in this moment, many of my comrades, who have seen AR only in pictures, but who are confident in the complex and instrumental disassembly of ARK, have long been thoughtful
Short stroke piston rod. I cleaned it three times … My personal opinion is that the use of a piston is much more convenient and practical than the Stoner system. There are many whales on the market today that can turn a standard AR15 into a piston rifle.
In this perspective, you can consider a custom platoon handle and rammer.
Here you can examine in detail the bolt group and the cocking handle from the high-speed rail with an enlarged cocking button. The shutter itself, I did not understand once. The cocking handle allows you to manipulate it in speed mode only with your left hand.
The rammer button … This is a special place where the AK adepts are especially loving about the AR15 concept. The main complaint is how it was necessary to design a carabiner in order to come up with a button “pushing” the cartridge into the chamber. If you look at the previous photo, the first thing that becomes clear is the fact that the cocking handle and the shutter itself are not rigidly connected to each other … and here comes the understanding that cases when the cartridge does not fully go into the chamber and on the AK, It is treated with an impact on the shutter handle, and so this button performs this function … I myself used it only once, but I think in war conditions it will be in demand all the time, ugh, ugh.
Gate group. Everything is clear here, however, pay attention to the fact that it is practically devoid of asymmetry, those of its central axis and the axis of mass coincide. Remember this, for soon we will look at the AK bolt group …
The chamber, a little interesting here for the uninitiated, just to understand that everything is easily accessible and does not interfere with the cleaning of weapons in the field.
In the photo you can see the pipe butt and recoil buffer. Inside is a return spring. As you understand, after the shot the bolt is moved to the butt of the carbine. In addition to the function of returning the shutter and filing the next cartridge, a side effect is a reduction in recoil … For even more understanding: see the red dot on the buffer? So, the tip of the bullet is exactly on the axis that coincides with this point …
Upper part of the clover. You can see the Magpulov reset button ZZ, a drummer and the trigger of the company Geisel. USM miracle inside clover, and absolutely no sense in photographing it. Garda USM is also replaced by the extended one from Magpul.
Butt Magpul CTR is one of the best in the world. Additionally installed butt heel with increased ability to absorb recoil.
Possessing low weight and excellent ergonomics, allowing you to adjust the length in a wide range, at the same time, thanks to the fixation key, it is almost devoid of a shat, so annoying shooters in telescopic butts.
Ergonomic Magpul MOE + handle. I have tried many different types of arms, in the end I put only Magpul, for everything …
This handle favorably differs in the rubberized material of which it is made. To manipulate weapons is much more convenient than with ordinary plastic. And with gloves and without. In the cavity of the handle is a sealed container for batteries. In general, the additional storage compartments of various necessities are pleasant in all senses, but undoubtedly affect weight and balance. In this sense, pistol round is the best place for it.
In the photo you can see an optical sight of the constant multiplicity of the Trijicon ACOG 4×32 combo RMR with an installed additional collimator for close combat, as well as the LCC module.
Before this sight, two types of Aimpoint collimators, T1 and PRO, also stood on the carbine, just as EOTech was installed for some time. Long choosing between ELCAN and ACOG, the choice finally fell on the latter, in the combo version with a mini collimator. The main nastrel was made with this sighting complex, which is probably the best option at distances from 0 to 500 meters. The standard mounting bracket was replaced by LaRue, used by the USMC.
The ACOG (ACOG), being a fixed optics on the X4 strata, uses a unique optics backlight system – during the day through optical fiber, radioactive tritium is used at night. There are no batteries, the element has been operating for 25 years, I have chosen the chevron mesh, calculated for .223 caliber. Optics allows you to confidently hit small targets at a distance of 500 m. I am sure that the growth target can be worked up to 800m. The gun itself can be used to hammer in nails.
Laser targeting module with red visible and IR range with an integrated flashlight. IPIM-000-A1 property of the US Marine Corps, in the event of a threat of falling into the hands of the enemy – to destroy … it is written on the instructions for the user … What can I say, the device repeatedly used in night firing along with the PVS14 PNV proves the simple truth – without a night lamp, soldier night easy target. It allows you to confidently hit targets in complete darkness at distances from 0 to 200 meters, or to suppress them at longer distances. It is interesting in entertaining and tactical shooting, in sport it is absolutely useless))))
DTK PVS. After spending many hours in foreign forums and reading the sea of literature, I consciously came to the choice of this particular compensator. In addition to the excellent work to reduce recoil and toss the barrel, it works great as a flame arrester.
Multipurpose lamp SUREFIRE M720V has modes: full power, medium, remote, strobe. In this case, all the same modes can be used in the IR mode of night vision. With a small mass, the ability of this lamp is amazing. I will not write about lumens, but at night in the field, in the maximum mode, I quietly illuminated the car at 400 meters, and in the night IR mode and further.
After trying heaps of front handles, both vertical and inclined, I came to the conclusion that, given the characteristics of the grip, this is most convenient. Magpul AFG2 … If picatini is nominally present at the bottom of the forearm, my choice is CTM.
Magpul, E-MAG and P-MAG GEN2 stores are great for chic. It was they who finally convinced me that stores are consumable raw materials. They work perfectly, practically do not need maintenance and they are not sorry))))
You have to pay for everything … and the main fee, except for money))), this is weight. A naked carbine weighs 4 kg, I think in case of lightening the barrel, you can easily fit in 3.5 kg, however – optics, shop, batteries in the handle, LCC, flashlight, DTK, front handle, auxiliary aiming and reset pen of ZZ bring the mass of the carbine to 5 , 6 kg. Not critical, especially using the right belt. Magpul MS2 allows you to use it as a single point, which is convenient for patrol and direct shooting, and in the two-point version, which is convenient for long carrying weapons.
You can also watch the video on the shooting theme on my channel in YOUTUBE