The history of the Kalashnikov
My experience with AK
Where to find a new machine?
Tuning and body kit AK
- Muzzle brake
- Pistol grip
- Fire Translator
- Overlay gas tube
- Receiver cover
- Receiver and store reset
- Attachment Equipment
- LCC block
- The shops
About the super reliability and krastfelnosti AK
Shutter group overview
Reason for high reliability
Results of the comparison of AR and AK
The most important conclusion
Kalashnikov assault rifle.
There are a lot of legends about this amazing weapon, there are myths, there is a frank lie, there is a truth … in any case, you can find the most detailed information on the Internet, I will give you my vision AK history, as well as personal experience with him.
I stood with him in the honor guard at the Eternal Flame, dragged at the training camp, then at the seminars, shot, cleaned and fired again. A year ago, I was lucky and I became the owner of my own AKM (Fort 206), a very successful version of the defense of military weapons.
So, there was a world war, the main heat of which was on the battlefields between the Red Army and the Wehrmacht. As a result, at that time the USSR and Germany had the greatest experience of using handguns. It is worth noting that at the beginning of the war, both armies were mostly armed with manual reloading magazine rifles, while the understanding of the need for automatic weapons was there and there. In the USSR, by the beginning of the war, both semi-automatic rifles and submachine guns were in operation, in Germany, the basis of automatic weapons was MP38 / 40, which in the USSR for some reason was called “Schmeisser” (machine guns do not count). Germany had self-loading rifles, but they were not even close in popularity to ABC and SVT.
So, in the trenches of the first half of the Second World War one could meet soldiers with K98 and MP40 on the one hand and Mosinka and PCA on the other hand, the “machine gunners” were quietly sad (well, or shot in the direction of the enemy with pistol cartridges without much benefit), until the advancing enemy, having approached, fell into the trenches and into orderly defenders, because from that moment the pistols machine guns began to manifest themselves, while the recently working “rifle-guns” began to be “sad” with their oars, well, or to wave with bayonets or shoulder blades … However, in the context of urban battles, the situation greatly changed to the exact opposite … So they fought
And here, in 1943, the Germans prepared an unpleasant surprise of the Red Army in the form MP43, in the aftermath Stg44, weapons with the rate of fire of a submachine gun, range and power almost as good as Mauser or Mosinka. Apparently impressed with such a disgrace, the first captured models of weapons were urgently transferred to Moscow, where in the summer of 43rd the People’s Commissar of Defense of the USSR held a meeting where the Soviet designers apparently strongly recommended that the issue be examined. It should be understood that the experience of combat use of small arms has long been prompted by the creation of something medium between a rifle and a submachine gun, with an effective range of up to 400m, but it was the Germans who did a radical job – not only developed a new, INTERMEDIATE mass cartridge, but also created and accepted armed with automatic weapons under it.
Attempts to move to the “lightweight” patron were before, but apparently only a world war promotes innovation in the stagnant minds of the military =). Nobody argues, Stalin was able to motivate people, and the first samples of the Soviet intermediate patron appeared a month after the technical council, and a year later, the well-known 7,62Х39. In fact, this is what became starting point of creating AK. Not the notorious “copying of Schmeisser MP43” (idiotic opinion must be admitted))), namely the creation of the Soviet intermediate patron. Following, the task was to create a weapon complex for this cartridge: an automatic, a self-loading carbine and a machine gun, which later, after the war, resulted in AK, SCS and RAP. The carbine was subsequently abandoned, and correctly, and the machine gun was replaced with the PKK, bringing the idea of production efficiency and unification to a logical conclusion.
So the world saw him in the late 50s, almost 10 years after the birth of the first AK. My, in 1967, firing on the conveyor of the Tula armory, packed in a box, sent to Ukraine, where he cheerfully lain for nearly half a century and was brought to light by the receivers of the Fort.
So, developed in 1947 AK was put into service in 1949, it was very difficult and expensive to manufacture (yes, yes, that was the beginning), in the early stages stamps were changed for milling and back, however, the problem of reliability and manufacturability was decided only to the end of the 50s, with the advent AKM. It also, through additional improvements, improved the stability of the weapon when firing in bursts. Already later, in the 70s, after the USA with their M16, in the USSR they switched to a low-impulse cartridge, having developed 5.45Х39 ammunition and revealing the world AK-74. (In brief, I told this story earlier in the first part – Armory IMHO – AR vs. AK. Part 1 – HK416 review)
My experience with AK and the vision of its pros and cons
Like most Soviet boys, AKM got into my hands during the lessons of NVP (Initial Military Training – approx. Last day club), where the skills of its assembly – disassembly were brought to perfection, including disassembly-assembly with eyes closed. Thanks to the military officer, once a month we went to the shooting range, where we could shoot from it. Also, in the courtyard club “Young Marines”, regularly carried out trips to the shooting range and all sorts of “Zarnitsa.” I will say this, I was utterly in love with AKM, but today, too, my attitude towards him is very reverent, which I suppose can be seen from the photos below. Years passed, sporadically, I fell on the landfills, where from my heart I shot from all kinds of military weapons, but the most enjoyable, nevertheless, was AKM shooting. Then, all disputes about what is better did not arise – AKM is our usye, and the point. I knew for sure that M16 is go..but there is nothing nicer than a curved silhouette.
Several years ago, thanks to well-known people here, I came to practical shooting, and if earlier I had shot a lot, but mindlessly, now it has become a science. And so, at one of the seminars, I first picked up AR15. And she was completely obvese and with a collimator Aimpoint. I didn’t let it out of my hands (10 days), then I took it apart, and after receiving the culture shock, I thought hard and bought my first PERSONAL CARBINE HK – MR223. Yes, it was a betrayal))), but just before that, for many years, I came across the “Saiga” – a civilian version of AKM, or rather, it was a completely different, built as a seemingly similar AKM carbine. So, there was no limit to my disappointment, after a dozen years and many thousands of ammo from AKM shooting without problems, all my attempts to make friends with Saiga led to delays, mats, frustration and disappointment, that’s why I chose the AR-platform FOR SAFETY and having studied the question, he settled on one of its best versions in the form of H&K.
But the most interesting thing began at the same time. I had the opportunity to independently manage my time and as a result I began to often go to all sorts of shooting trainings and seminars, where a great many trunks passed through my hands, but when there was a choice between AR or AK, I chose the latter. So, there are no diseases of Saigi, everything works, even though the weapon was either Bulgarian or Polish …. When I came home again, I thought hard on two topics:
- Where to find AKM? It is AKM, not a remake or a Saiga, namely an authentic carbine, right up to the import of civilian clones from abroad.
- How to bring AKM ergonomics up to date? For having solved the problem of reliability, the skills were no longer able to put up with the ergonomics of the 60s …
Problem number one I decided simply, even ridiculously simply – in Kazakhstan they officially sell products of the Ukrainian FORT. Having studied the question and with the help of a friend, I found out that FORT takes AKMs from conservation and stupidly fences them, which in essence comes down to removing automatic fire from USM. Further study, including with the use of calibers, led to the understanding that the barrels of many machine guns were shot pretty well, and that only expensive, in factory tuning, version of fort 206, Made from the finest designs. I was lucky again, such were on sale, moreover, the carbine was in the “oil”, everything is absolutely new, not shot. So I became the owner AKM production Tula Arms Factory 1967 of release, with a stamp “Fort206, made in Ukraine”)))
Strange feelings overwhelm when you consider these stamps and stamps. I must say that the quality of workmanship certainly doesn’t come close to the German one, but, funnyly, it is much higher than that of modern Sazhek …
But so I bought it, in the most expensive version, in full factory body kit with details of the Ukrainian and Israeli production. With shaking hands, I took it in hand, and carried it home, to where the newly acquired parts of the body kit lay in the workshop, where everything that was, frankly crooked on the Forte, would be removed and thrown away. Why? Because only in such a version on Forte sell new AKM, the rest are shot in the trash …
So it became minutes after he appeared in my house …
And so he became after a couple of three hours of work … There is a file and a hammer, Soviet weapon, where without it, in the sense of no sickle, hammer, and some kind of mother)))
Such it is today, a year later. Slightly changed because, for him basically, I put things checked by time on another weapon.
With the exception of small parts, the ergonomics of AKM practically does not differ from my H&K MP223 – AR clone.
Today, they talk a lot about AK12, its necessity … Personally, my opinion is expensive. Yes, AK12, in contrast to the version of my strapping, is distinguished by double-sided fuses, a shutter cocking handle that is interchangeable on different sides, the absence of a window in the receiver … Still, considering the huge amount of AK in storage depots and on the hands in operating parts, it seems to me more profitable to produce complete sets of strapping, solving the main problems of ergonomics.
Tied with AKM is ready to accept everything in the world, designed to improve the characteristics of weapons. AKM really becomes a universal shooting complex.
Weapons are comfortable in both patrol and shooting. It is a pity that a folding butt cannot be legally installed on it. But you can wear it in a long case, and shooting without a rifle is a perversion … and yes, the Germans shot from the hip from the MP40 only in our films)) It is clear from the chronicle footage that almost everyone has a butt spread out, but the same can be said about AKMS and AK74M itself.
So now looks like an incomplete disassembly AKM. I will say another sedition – cleaning the barrel is a little less convenient than on the ARKE)))
DTK. It is clear that the whistle is not that, although believe me, it works fine, but it does not dampen the flash at all. I chose options for a long time … I wanted to put a replica of the PWS, but changed my mind, took Zenitkovsky, someone told me that it significantly reduces the flash, while completely removing returns and toss … everything is just that, there is still a flash not so much in sports, how many trainings revealed another weighty problem, despite the headphones and glasses, the shock effect on the shooter and even more so the partner in group exercises is simply merciless))) Therefore, having found the adapter, I put on the AKM DTK “Bulgarin”, donated i am good My friends in Bulgaria, where I took intensive courses with AMSU …
The Bulgarian masquerator, as they just do not call him, who only does not produce it. Yes, as DTC it is not as effective as Zenitco, but it is fixable by experience, but it is undoubtedly good in two things – 100% lack of flash and a sound wave directed forward. It is comfortable to work with him without headphones and at night he does not light up the NVD. It is worth noting that lately I often see such dolt in the news from Ukraine, from the military and from specialists in our country and in the Russian Federation.
“Native” butt and pipe, I suspect licensed production is not just a nightmare – a shame. The quality of the plastic is terrible, the burr is around, the pipe is attached with two bolts that are constantly loosened, the cover covering this outrage does not fit tightly to the machine, moreover, being cut from a sheet of metal cuts the brush once or twice. Without shooting him even once I managed to cut myself twice. The tube turned out to be of an incomprehensible material, with a thick wall, which led to the fact that the weight of the butt with the tube was not just heavy, unjustifiably heavy;))) that is why pay attention to the telescope mount from ARMACON.
In short – this is a masterpiece. For all the time, never pulled up, not serviced. The case when the custom looks and feels better than the factory product.
Look, it is not only tightly included in the receiver, which in itself adds to it solidity – in addition to the bolt, it is also attached to the mount of the pistol grip !!! nowhere sticks out, does not scratch and organically looks with Magpulovskaya strap and pipe. By the way, ARMACON produces both Bulgarian and adapters and many more useful and high-quality AKs.
This is how the knot consisting of Armakonovskogo adapter, pipe and my favorite for the assault rifles of the Magpul CTR butt looks. Agree, it looks very organic, which rarely happens. A wide range of adjustment of the butt is a definite plus, given the fact that people are different, and the use of various body armor and unloading also changes the tab. For me personally, the standard AKM butt is inconvenient – long, I like it when the working hand is closer to the body.
As I already wrote in the previous part of the review, this butt, due to additionally the latching keys, almost completely eliminates the shat – the main problem of telescopic buttstocks. Also installed an enlarged back plate for comfortable shooting. Soon will come Magpulovsky butt AK Zhukov, seen by me at Shotshow in Vegas. It is a pity, but apparently it will be necessary to exclude the folding mechanism from it for legality reasons. Yet for AK, a system with a tubular telescopic butt is nonsense, because unlike the ARKI, where a pipe is a constructive necessity, AK is really a “dead space”, as one of the comrades put it in my last article on NK223. Beetles, while folding, have the function of adjustment in length, which is extremely important given the presence of body armor or unloading.
The standard pistol at the factory was replaced by the Israeli one, which I did not like and was replaced without any pity by Magpul AK.
Unfortunately, I could not find an analogue of rubberized MY +, as on Heckler, therefore I stopped at this one. The handle has a nice rough texture. It should be like my own, without bulging anywhere. Additionally purchased sealed box for storing batteries.
The standard fuse is thrown out, instead it is installed upgraded with a step for convenient manipulation of the index finger. Flazhek modified for soft work.
The fuse on the AK is a separate topic))) Often I hear the statement that this is the best system created by Kalashnikov for war. Hmmm … Well, the scheme itself is very similar to that used in the hunting Remington of the beginning of the century, and frankly it is not very convenient for modern tasks. In addition, it covers the insides of the receiver at the moment when you don’t need to do this – being in a non-combat mode … The AK12 has no such problems, a two-way safety lever is used there, just like on AR
Handguard and pad over the gas tube. I have long dreamed that someone would create something like that …. Zenitko was able to))) In general, Zenitkovsky kit, in my opinion, one of the best in the world for AK.
The main scourge of AK – the inability to take the whole range of modern sighting and other assistive devices. The side mount on the receiver, the swallow-tail did not solve this problem at all. Therefore, the gas tube Ultimak deservedly enjoys success around the world. However, my choice of strapping is Zenitco, respectively, I needed a regular standard tube, and without plywood, which I quickly found by offering a direct exchange of an ultimac with a gun for a standard gas tube … I suppose I surprised my friend quite a lot))) and while he was driving happily in disbelief at home, I, having turned a piece of wood into tubes, proceeded to install an anti-aircraft pad on the gas tube. Frankly, since installing Aimpoint micro on it, unlike Ultimak, does not maintain coaxiality between the standard sighting and collimator, the picatini bar on it is superfluous for me, because I like to install optics closer to the eye. But the other does not happen. The pad itself is elongated, and it helps me not to burn my fingers, because I like to hug the forearm, while shortening the butt as much as possible. In fact, Magpulovsky (or Kostovsky? Or Heylivsky) AKM hold)))
Handguard. Well, the staffing was given along with Ultimakovskaya pipe, but in return, an extended Zenitco was installed … Well, I don’t know, I heard they were scolded for the quality, but what I had was wonderful. True, there was no hammering without pilling and bahinga))) and the matter is that a little tucked up and coarse fit into the receiver. But getting up like a cast, the forearm became the center of attachment of the entire Zenitkovskiy body kit – gas tube linings, and receiver covers. He was very worried about the fact that the forearm was extremely tightly sitting in the receiver could worsen the accuracy and scatter STP … as it turned out later, if it changed, it was only for the better!
In addition, it is the forearm, framed by slats on three sides, that assumes the entire functional body kit – a flashlight, an LCC, and a front handle.
Cover the receiver. If earlier it served as a casing, protecting the interior of the machine, then it became an important basis for the creation of a rifle complex. For today, I think, it is the most reliable system, allowing to receive a platform for fastening of optical sights on joint stock company. Better than any laths over the lid, or the Texas system, which is attached in place of the rear pillar.
The system is tough and allows you to use any optics without problems. Only this greatly improves the ergonomics of the AK, turning it into a convenient platform.
Unlike the same Texas, the cover is fastened by at least four knots. STF does not go away and keeps regardless of the number of opening and closing the lid.
In the above photo you can see at once how much of the elements of AK tuning. Store slot extender, ergonomic magazine reset key, trigger trigger TAPCO and Magpul pistol.
Expander mine receiver shop. Honestly, I believe that this chip is superfluous, however, its presence allowed me to solve the problem of comforting my index finger in a safe position)))
Store reset key. If you are using a magazine extender, this function will significantly solve the problem of accelerated recharging.
USM TARCO. Tapko, a well-known company producing parts for tyuninag AK, including USM. It is no secret that the descent to AK is terrible, Tapko solves this problem, although, of course, he is far from Geisel.
This variant of the auxiliary control knob is the most comfortable for me.
The presence of slats allows you to fully use the equipment to perform certain tasks. Lantern and block LCC.
The lamp is multimode, hermetic and shockproof. It is possible to use the IR, alarm and normal mode.
Lantern mounted on Magpul bracket. The bracket solves two tasks – a platform for the thumb of the left hand and free access to controlling the flashlight with the same finger.
Two-channel block LCC Perst from Zenitko. Frankly, I was very surprised by the quality and functionality. Significant progress towards the best American designs. There is a mode of visible and IR spectrum, as well as the possibility of dimming.
Compared with American products, as I have already said, the unit is in no way inferior, not in direct functionality, or in reliability. Compact and strong. metal body.
In modern reality, weapons without modern sights can not be competitive. Moreover, optics are often the only deterrent between a simple weapon and an effective rifle complex. I came across a lot of adherents of regular metal sights … Well, usually the timer puts everything in its place … Just don’t talk about the war, there, too, optics forced out iron and not recognize this fact – obviously putting our soldiers at a disadvantage.
For AKM, I use the Aimpoint micro T1 collimator sight. In conjunction with the optics used lightweight, quick-release bracket Larue. With a magnifer, it is convenient at distances of 100-300 meters, then the ballistics 7.62×39 is such that exceeding by eye is not very convenient, although Kalash works perfectly well at 500 meters. For these purposes, the aiming complex will be changed to the same as on the HK MR223 – ACOG 4? 32 with a RMR collimator and a ballistic net for 300BLK, ammunition recently developed in the USA with identical ballistics to our 7.62×39.
x3 Magnifer Aimpoint. With a horse price for a magnifer, I made an attempt to use an inexpensive Chinese equivalent. The idea was something like this – well, the sight itself, but what can a simple magnifer be, what’s so complicated? The reality turned out to be cruel, in the winter it became mousy, dimmed in the evening … this one was thrown out and acquired …
Magnifier comes with a quick-release swiveling “Twist mount” bracket. Convenient and practical. Flip type EOThech I do not like.
I use two types of stores – metal Polish production and plastic Magpul AK. I have to say, plastic is much more convenient, easier and more practical.
From Fort the carbine came with a weight of 4 kg, apparently affected by a heavy and awkward butt … After all the strapping, my carbine weighs 4.4 kg, which is not bad at all. Standard AKM weight – 3 kg.
Well, now my thoughts on the topic of “super-reliability” and “curvature” of AK. Well, first look at another two-minute video))
Have you looked? And now, simple truth: it is the excessive speed of movement of the heavy shutter, which adversely affects the accuracy of firing with bursts or the speed of returning to the line of fire with single firing, solves the problem of the operation of automation in contaminated conditions.
However, do not bring the weapon to the state in the photo! Miracles do not happen, most likely the weapon will fire only once. AK must be cleaned. This is an axiom.
Sliding frame AK and AR. there is a significant difference in both form and massiveness … a different approach.
Profile view. It is seen that the slide frame AK is not balanced relative to the axis of the trunk. It is clear that it is likely that the topic of “balanced automation” has been so popular lately in Russian weapon circles, my personal opinion is superfluous, it really complicates and increases the cost of the production process. Once again – you need to train and AKM will be agreeable in your hands.
The larva of the gate, in its center, as you know, is the drummer, which is essentially the axis of the barrel … Sorry for the educational program, but the experts do not always read the reviews =)
Well, that’s one of the technical solutions for reliability in AK. In addition to the automation system itself in the AK, the massive bolt carrier at high speed moves along the guide in the receiver, while the valleys (grooves) in the bolt frame itself are much wider … From the point of view of simple theory, mud and carbon in this version is much more difficult to stop the bolt movement frames. In AK, starting from this and ending with the fastening system of the store, EVERYTHING is subject to the same goal – reliability. But to say that it is not accurate, as you probably already understood, is at least wrong. It is accurate and reliable in the right hands, like the AR15 itself.
In conclusion, my conclusions regarding AR and AR, based on my experience of shooting from many representatives of these platforms and of course the possession of NK223 and AKM:
If we talk about single-precision shooting, then both the AR15 and the AKM do not differ much from each other, naturally I’m talking about weapons that are close to military models, without taking into account custom high-precision barrels for ARok. Both this and that platform confidently places the bullets into a circle with a diameter of 10 cm by 100 m. I’ll make a reservation right away, I managed to collect a minute from three shots from my AKM a couple of times with three shots, with the HyCa it happened more often))) The main criticism in accuracy was in my understanding, there can be no talk of “accuracy”, I would say – speed), arise when shooting fast with single or even more queues.
So, if we talk about experienced shooters, and if we compare the AR15 with the AK74M with identical DTC, the AK will only have a little more spread, and this is, first of all, a payment for its reliability. Nevertheless, an experienced shooter, quite even with AKM, and even without a DTC, calmly puts the whole, 30 cartridges long, line up in a standard IPSC target at a distance of 10 meters.
Personally, my experience, with a certain reservation that HiC is an AR clone, and not a purely DGI AR15, with which I didn’t shoot a lot, I didn’t suffer either, it speaks of the exceptional reliability of both my carbines, and it’s worth considering the fact that I use AKM Pleasant in price, but extremely unpleasant in quality BPZ cartridges, while on HiC only imports, 2-3 times more expensive. Not remembering Saiga, I will only say that with my own AKM, with which I have not yet been a big hit in a couple of thousand, AK reaffirms its title as a super-reliable machine. And yes, I clean it regularly)))
There are many myths and legends, including regarding the reliability of AK. In my opinion, its reliability was originally laid in two important points: a little big the gaps between the bolt carrier and guides, which each disassembling AK felt in the form of a play of the shutter, and excess gas engine power, multiplied by the weight of the bolt, flying at high speed in the receiver and, as a result, there is a high shock load during the rollback, and during locking. All this leads to increased vibration of all weapons. Simply put, recoil – this is not only the forces arising after the bullet leaves the barrel, which is compensated by the DTC, as well as the inertia of the movement of a heavy asymmetric bolt carrier and its impact in the extreme position. In addition to everything, on the way back, the bolt with all the dope flies to the chamber, causing a “peck” of the machine gun. But it’s better to see once, as they say, than a hundred to read))) Look here – in this video is AK74M, in which all these parasitic effects are much less than AKM. All this increases the reliability, but reduces the “controllability” of weapons with fast or firing bursts.
Personally, I include everything in this concept, from ease of use to sighting devices. When at the seminar, which I conducted for the SOBR fighters, I took my AKM out of the case, one of them came up and asked to see the “American machine gun”)))
So, I will list what is installed and changed on it:
- DTK “Bulgarian“;
- forearm with overlay over gas tube, receiver cover Zenitko, also two-band module LCC of the same company;
- multimode flashlight;
- left-side bracket for a flashlight with a thumb out and a shelf, arm support CTM, QD front and rear swivels, CTR butt, MY pistol grip and a belt – everything from Magpul;
- telescopic butt adapter – Armacon;
- collimator Aimpoint t1 on quick-release bracket Larue;
- x3 magnifer Aimpoint on swivel bracket;
- a shaft expander and an accelerated store reset key;
- American USM TAPCO
All this made AKM ergonomically identical to ARK, which is considered to be a convenient weapon. There are only a few but – AK fuse is only right-handed, which is inconvenient, the cocking handle is also just right-handed, without the possibility of transfer, legally you cannot use a folding butt on my carbine, replacing the fuse with another type will undoubtedly allow to get rid of the hole between the lid and the receiver, where all rubbish likes to get drunk …
Train – it all depends on the shooter. Both platforms have proven their worth both on the battlefield and in the hands of millions of enthusiastic shooters. Personally, I am pleased to own both, I get a lot of positive on the shooting range and maybe, if everything goes according to plan, I will become the happy owner of the best in my understanding of the AK – SiG556Xi reikarnatsiya option, and as soon as this happens and the experience of communication with him is accumulated, I will share my thoughts with you.
Well, that’s all – waiting for your comments!
Facebook and the Internet in general is such a platform where it is difficult to discuss serious things, often people read something diagonally, then ignore comments, and immediately write their own … Well, it just so happens that I only have enough time for FB) Let’s live with it )
For those who still read everything, as well as apologists for “pure blood”, I explain – yes, AR15 is not NK416, which in turn is not MP223, but this is AR PLATFORM and for many (very many) it’s the same thing. And yet, Fort, this is not exactly AKM, this is AKM without a whisper))))
Although you know what? Do not worry! If you know this, then maybe you just like the photos, if you didn’t know, but read it, then maybe I laid the grains of love for weapons in you and that’s good !!! I will leave here a link to the story of how the idea of writing this article was born. And the link to the article about HK MR223, AR CLON)))), actually the first part of the story.
And absolutely in conclusion – IMHO, IMHO (In My Humble Opinion), “in my humble opinion“))) understand? My, and humble)))
All good, soon about the ChiC MP 308.
Wait for the following review: the civilian version of the DMR HK G28 – HK (417) MR308, in light of how the world discovered for itself what Dragunov did in the late 50s …