Asphyxia in adults and children, partial or complete obstruction of the airways, what should be done, first aid.

When a person suffocates, it is vital to determine the airway. Does air pass into the lungs and back. If the airways are completely blocked, then without emergency measures the victim will quickly lose consciousness and die. With partially blocked access to air, loss of consciousness can be prevented if medical attention is provided on time.

Asphyxia in adults and children, partial or complete obstruction of the airways, what should be done, first aid.

Sensations of a victim with partial or complete obstruction of the airways.

Shortness of breath (shortness of breath).
Difficulty speaking.

What to look for in case of partial or complete obstruction of the airways.

Strong fright.
Noisy breathing, wheezing or high “cock” sounds.
Inability to speak.
Rush of blood to the face and blue lips.
Victim grabs or points to throat.
The condition worsens until loss of consciousness.

What to do if the victim is still able to breathe, speak, scream or cough (partial obstruction of the airways).

Conscious, but terrified by shortness of breath. Reassure him, advise coughing or breathing through his nose. It is usually easier to breathe if you stand up and lean on a chair or table. If the victim is upright, do not knock on the back. From this, an object falling into the respiratory throat may fall even further..

If the victim quickly gets better, do not offer him a drink immediately, but wait until his throat relaxes. Most likely, the victim will for some time refuse food and drink. If breathing becomes noisy, call an ambulance. The victim must be hospitalized for intensive care..

What to do if the victim cannot breathe, speak, scream or cough (complete obstruction of the airways).

The victim will quickly lose consciousness. Carefully put it on its side on a flat surface (floor) and make sure that the airways are passable. Strike sharply (up to 4 times) between the victim’s shoulder blades with the base of your palm to displace a foreign object that clogs the airways.

If the victim is still unable to breathe, do the following (up to 4 times). Kneel next to him and put one hand on his side next to the armpit, place the other next. Press down firmly with straight arms to squeeze air out of the lungs through the airways and displace a foreign object.

Asphyxia in adults and children, partial or complete obstruction of the airways, what should be done, first aid.

If there is no improvement, check if the airways are passable. If a foreign object is visible or groping deep in the throat, quickly remove it. Provide a wide passage for air by tilting the victim’s head back and keeping the lower jaw forward.

Check again for breathing. To do this, touch with your hand whether the lower part of the chest or upper abdomen is moving, and listen to whether air passes through the mouth or nose. If the victim is still not breathing, turn him on his back and start mechanical ventilation, trying to overcome the resistance of the blocked airways and clean them.

Call out loud for help. If no one is around, call an ambulance. Perform mechanical ventilation without interruption. If the pulse disappears, immediately begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation and continue it until the arrival of professional medical personnel.

What to do with asphyxia in children.

If the victim is still able to breathe, speak, scream or cough (partial obstruction of the airways).

Let the child find the position in which it is easiest to breathe. Do not knock on the back from this; an object caught in the respiratory throat may fall further. If breathing becomes noisy, call an ambulance. The victim must be hospitalized for intensive care..

If the victim cannot breathe, speak, scream or cough (complete obstruction of the airways).

The child loses consciousness. It should be placed on its knees face down or on the floor on its side. Make up to 4 sharp slaps between the victim’s shoulder blades with the base of your palm to displace a foreign object that clogs your airways.

Asphyxia in adults and children, partial or complete obstruction of the airways, what should be done, first aid.

If the baby still cannot breathe, do the following (up to 4 times). Put one hand on its side next to the armpit. Press firmly on the chest so that air leaves the lungs through the airways and displaces the foreign object..

If the child still does not breathe, make sure that the airways are passable. If any foreign object is visible or groping deep in the throat, remove it with just one finger. And if the airways are passable, but there is still no breathing, proceed with mechanical ventilation.

Based on the book “Ambulance, home directory of emergency conditions”.
Tyler e.

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