A very important auxiliary element in the design of some traps is a redirecting force device. Usually redirected effort on the rope. The force can be redirected in a block, throw the rope through a branch, or change the direction of the rope tension with pegs. The disadvantage of this method of redirecting efforts is a certain loss of effort due to friction. Therefore, sometimes other methods are used..
Auxiliary elements of traps, mechanisms of force redirection, disengagement, simultaneous descent of several elements.
The force can be redirected with a lever (hoe), but only 180 degrees. In addition to redirecting the force, the motir disengages the parts. The most effective way to redirect efforts is to manufacture an intermediate mechanism that has all the components of a whole trap. Usually a wary elastic twig is used, which, when straightened, yanks the rope in the right direction.
The trap redirecting force elements make it possible to unify triggers in many ways, to position the sensitive trap elements in different ways, that is, in the most effective way with respect to the elements acting on the victim. In addition, the manufacturing process of the entire trap is often simplified..
So, the cargo guard over the path should, in theory, include climbing a tree, lifting loads on it, mounting a guard mechanism on the tree. It is clear that this is not always convenient. When using the unit, the process is simplified. It is necessary to tie a small load to the end of the rope and throw it over the branch. When the load goes down, instead of it, you must tie the load, which should fall on the victim, and tighten it up. Connect the end of the rope in your hands with a standard guard mechanism designed for pulling traps.
Often quite simple guard mechanisms are difficult to use due to the fact that the guard after the descent will interfere with the operation of the entire mechanism, or even make this work impossible. So, in one of the options of a pulling up trap with a hook, it is recommended to hammer a peg (the first diagram in the figure below) as a trigger mechanism so that the bent tree, raising the animal, also pulls out this peg, but it is impossible to hammer too weakly. Since, with precisely calibrated force, a clogged peg is a release mechanism.
More convenient is the mechanism of disengagement formed in the case when you need to tie the stick to the rope. In many cases, a tight loop can be used instead of a tight knot. So, the second diagram of the figure above shows a trap whose operation is very problematic if both ropes are tied to a stick. But it is worth replacing one node with a loop, the whole structure will work perfectly, especially since nothing prevents replacing both. As a trip mechanism, the lever (hoe) described in the previous paragraph can serve wonderfully.
Sometimes, to separate the guard and the active element, you have to enter additional details. In some traps, sometimes it becomes necessary to simultaneously release several elements, say, for a network that is wary of a fall, or even trigger, in fact, various mechanisms (simultaneous shot of several self-arrows). Typically, in such cases, several guards are connected to one gatehouse, or a separate mechanism that guides several gateways at the same time.