When you stop in the field in one place for a short time, you can quickly arrange various types of barriers or a simple hut from improvised materials. In order for the screening or hut to protect not only from the wind, but also from rain, its walls must be made inclined and they should be covered on the outside with such materials, on which water easily rolls. For example, straw, reeds, boards, panels from tents, etc..
Barriers, sizes and construction in the field.
To heat the space inside the barrier, you can use a fire-rakotulet. This is a bonfire, kindled from two whole dry logs laid one on top of the other. Another such bonfire is called dyod. The logs are fastened by stakes and separated from each other by gaskets of stone. For better burning on the adjoining sides of the logs, deep incisions can be made with an ax..
Semicircular barriers heated by an ordinary fire, dimensions and arrangement.
Direct fire barriers with rakotulet fire, sizes and device.
Huts, sizes and construction in the field.
Huts for rest and sleep in the field can be made single-pitched and gable. The base for the hut is usually made of poles, flexible branches, boards and other materials at hand. Bunches of grass or straw are attached to the sublattices. The bundles are tied from the bottom up, so that the ends of the upper bundles descend to the lower ones and give full coverage. Bunches knit 8-10 cm thick.
Simple single-hut, dimensions and design.
A well-bonded coating does not allow water to pass through, and the hut turns out to be quite warm, but such buildings are very fire hazardous. If there is no grass or straw, then the huts can be covered with branches of spruce or panels.
Simple gable hut, dimensions and design.
A good base for huts can be made of wattle, but the construction of such huts requires a lot of time. On uneven terrain, huts can be built quickly, leaning the cover against a steep slope, replacing in this case the hut wall.
Arched hut made of flexible branches, covered with bunches or sheaves of straw, dimensions and arrangement.
Hut leaning against the wall of the ravine.
Dugouts, dimensions and field construction.
A dugout is built in the same way as a hut, but more solidly, in order to get a warmer room. Dugouts are built in pits, their walls and roof are covered with a layer of earth and turf. Dugouts, as well as huts, can be made single-pitched and gable, and at uneven terrain to plunge them into steep slopes. Doors are arranged in the dugout, and in winter it is advisable to equip the entrances with vestibules and two doors.
For the construction of dugouts, it is desirable to allocate the highest, most protected from the wind and dry place and, if possible, on steep slopes, so that it is easier to build and easier to divert water.
Gable dugout, dimensions and design.
Shed dugout for ten people, size and structure.
Dugout in the slope, device.
The device of the vestibule in the dugout. For clarity, the tambour device roof is not shown.
Canopies for storing property and field stables, sizes and construction in the field.
To store bulky property and protect it from precipitation, canopies from boards, poles, wattle and the like are arranged in the field. Field stables are arranged for horses. In cold weather, the walls at the stables can be made of double flooring with backfilling of the gap between them with earth or from poles with sprinkling of earth, or reinforced with turf.
A simple field stable for five horses, dimensions and design.
The device of bunk beds, couches and trestle beds for rest and sleep in the field, dimensions and arrangement.
Lying and sleeping on the ground is dangerous even in summer, as you can easily catch a cold and get sick. Therefore, for rest and sleep in the field, you should arrange couches, and if there is time and materials, then you need to make bunks or trestle beds. Beds should be protected from moisture, and have a soft, comfortable bed. You can protect yourself from dampness by digging ditches near the beds, which are used in this case as a passage, or by filling the floor with dry sand. Or arranging beds on the beds.
With a lack of time and dry soil, sunbeds are arranged directly on the ground. The bed itself is made of the thinnest branches, on top of which hay, straw, dry leaves and so on are laid. If the location in one place is calculated for a long time, then it is better to immediately make bunks or trestle beds. Nars and trestle beds can be made of boards, poles, wattle and other similar materials.
Based on materials from the book The simplest household and household buildings for troops in the field.