The word bath in Latin means to drive away ailment, sadness, pain. The bath of all water procedures has the strongest overall effect. In the bath, blood circulation and metabolism are enhanced, the skin is cleansed of fat, dirt and sweat, the pores expand, its protective and excretory functions increase. In the blood, the amount of hemoglobin and red blood cells increases.
Bath, useful properties and contraindications, the main types of baths, behavior in the bath, preparation and properties of an oak and birch broom for a bath, useful properties of a bath and a sauna.
The bathhouse and its steam room have a positive effect on the central nervous system, the musculoskeletal system, helps faster recovery after physical exertion, and helps to get rid of excess weight. At the same time, it must be remembered that high temperature and hot steam have a strong effect on the body. Therefore, you should not use the bath more than once a week.
Also, with an excessively long stay in the steam room, negative phenomena are possible:
Increase blood viscosity.
Certain heart dysfunctions.
Violation of the biochemical balance of the body.
You can not use the steam room:
Children under 12 years old.
Women during pregnancy and menstruation.
People with severe pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases, peptic ulcer, with severe atherosclerosis.
It is unacceptable to steam:
After taking alcohol.
In a febrile state.
On an empty stomach or after a hearty meal.
Elderly or physically weak people are advised to use the steam room carefully. Stay there for no more than 3-5 minutes, and at the first sign of dizziness and weakness, leave the steam room and stand for a few minutes under a cool shower. It is necessary to limit the visit to the steam room for people who have blood vessels close to their faces, since under the influence of high temperature the redness of the face will probably increase.
Preparing to visit the steam room in the bath.
Before you start to steam it is necessary to wash yourself under a warm shower with soap (but do not wet your head), wipe your entire body dry and lubricate your skin with a nourishing cream. A beneficial effect on the hair (especially dry) lubrication of the scalp with vegetable (very good burdock) oil.
Occasionally, an oil compress can be made in front of the bathhouse. Rub this or that oil into the scalp and bandage the head with a cotton scarf for several hours. To protect your head from overheating and hair from overdrying, in a steam room it is advisable to be in an old felt or wool sports cap moistened with cold water. It is good to have a mitten and bathing slippers with you. Best on a wooden flat sole). Masks and shampoos are best taken in a bath in a plastic bowl.
In the bath, it is not recommended to wash with very hot water, especially wash your hair. It irritates the sebaceous glands, which leads to increased functional activity. It is recommended to wash with a hard washcloth (made of matting or bast). This contributes to better removal of dead skin particles and is a good massage. In a bath it is best to wash your hair and take care of your scalp. On hair, especially damaged, before washing it is useful to apply a mask of the following composition:
1 teaspoon castor oil.
1 egg yolk.
2 tablespoons of sour milk.
Then they put on a rubber hat or wrap their heads in cellophane, wrap them with a towel on top and go to the steam room. The mask is kept on the hair for 20-40 minutes. After the procedure, the hair is well washed and rinsed with a decoction of herbs. It is advisable to apply one of the masks to your face for your skin type, since in a bath under the influence of heat, the effect of the mask is enhanced.
The main types of baths.
There are three main types of baths:
Hot Air (Roman, Turkish).
The action of a Russian bath with wet steam is based on strong heating of the body at a temperature of 40-45 degrees. Intense heat exposure occurs because sweating is difficult in a humid atmosphere.
To increase blood flow during a bath, whipping with a birch or oak broom is useful. Broom is prepared before entering the steam room. It is put in a bowl, poured with boiling water and steamed for at least 5-10 minutes. The water in which the broom was steamed is rinsed after washing.
Harvesting and healing properties of oak, birch and linden broom for a bath.
Oak brooms are harvested in June-August, birch in July. Branches are cut in dry weather, otherwise the leaves will darken and fall off. Brooms are knitted small, dried in a dark, cool, ventilated room (for example, in the attic), hanging on a rope.
A birch broom cleans the air, relieves fatigue, has a beneficial effect on the skin, helps with pain in muscles and joints, accelerates the healing of abrasions, the volatile leaves contained in the leaves kill pathogenic microbes. Oak leaves release healing substances that have a beneficial effect on the skin. Oak brooms are very useful for people with oily skin..
You can make a broom from the branches of black currant. Although it is inferior to birch in strength, it is no less fragrant and very useful for the skin. Linden broom is used for colds, it accelerates and enhances sweating. Juniper broom contains biologically active substances that intensively disinfect air and prevent respiratory diseases.
For aches and pains in the joints, nettle brooms are very useful. A complex broom consisting of two or more plants is also prepared. We can recommend a birch-fir broom, creating a pleasant forest aroma. Better yet, birch-fir-nettle with St. John’s wort. Eucalyptus brooms are widely used in the Caucasus.
How to steam in a Russian bath and Finnish sauna.
Before entering the steam room with wet steam, rinse your feet with cool water. In the first run you need to try to warm up as best as possible, without climbing, however, to the highest shelves, where the air temperature is especially high. The session in the steam bath lasts 5-10 minutes, after which you can rinse with cool or cold water and repeat the procedure 2-3 times.
Usually stay in a steam room with wet steam is 10-30 minutes. After the steam room, it is necessary to rinse under the shower, first under warm, then under cold. It is useful, if there are no contraindications, to do a general body massage. After the massage, a warm and cold shower is taken again. Then they thoroughly wipe the body and rest for 30-40 minutes, preferably lying down. You need to dress only after a complete rest.
The sauna is characterized by high temperature (90 degrees) and low humidity (up to 15%). If necessary, the temperature can be increased. Pour stones in hot water in portions so that humidity does not increase. The effect of the sauna on the body is multifaceted. Blood flow increases. The pulse rate increases, and when you exit the steam room, it returns to normal.
Sauna regulates blood pressure. In individuals with high blood pressure (initial stage), it decreases, with low it rises markedly. With an untrained heart, sudden cooling after a sauna should be avoided..
Useful properties of the Russian bath and Finnish sauna.
The temperature at different heights in the steam room is different. The temperature difference at the level of the legs and head is 50 degrees or more. Breathing during hovering becomes more frequent, the breath becomes deeper. Hot air increases muscle elasticity and joint mobility, improves blood circulation.
Sweating increases, function of sebaceous glands amplifies. During a stay in the steam room, about 0.5-1 liters of liquid is released. Women sweat less than men. Sweating in the steam room can be enhanced by self-massage of the whole body with a birch broom or brush. In order to have a delicious steam, aromatic substances are added to the water.
A visit to the sauna improves the emotional state, appetite, sleep, increases mental and physical performance, mood and overall well-being. During your stay in the bath, you need to monitor your well-being. If you feel stuffy or weak, you need to immediately leave the steam room and go into a cool room. If insomnia, weakness, headache appeared after the bath, then you have misused it. In this case, consult a doctor.
Improving the effectiveness of bath procedures.
To increase the effectiveness of bath procedures, it is very useful to use infusions and decoctions of various medicinal plants. Biologically active substances of linden stimulate the sweat glands and have a strong disinfecting property. Thyme is good for breathing. Indispensable in the bath are oregano, chamomile, St. John’s wort, birch, juniper.
For bath infusion, you can mix chamomile flowers, marjoram and thyme herbs. The leaves of birch, juniper needles and linden flowers combine well in the infusion. The currant leaves give the sauna a peculiar smell, as they are rich in essential oils.
To prepare a decoction of herbs and leaves, it is better to take several plants. Usually, about 70-100 g of grass is taken for 3-4 liters of water. The mixture is poured into a large enameled pot, poured with boiling water and put on fire. As soon as the boil begins, the fire is reduced to a minimum.
After this, the broth is cooled, without opening the lid until cooling, squeezed and filtered. Store the broth in a dark, cool place for no more than 2 days. To saturate a steam room with aromatic substances, it is useful to put freshly chopped fir spruce on a shelf.
Compliance with the drinking regime in the bath.
It is very important to observe the drinking regime in the bath. In the bathhouse and after it is very useful to drink tea made from medicinal plants. Offer the following composition for tea additives:
Chamomile 2 parts.
St. John’s wort -3.
Corn stigmas 2.
Rose hips 1,5.
Hawthorn fruits -1 part.
To make such tea, 8 parts of tea are added to 2 parts of a mixture of herbs and brewed. This drink quenches thirst well, tastes good, aromatic. It positively affects the nervous, cardiovascular systems, digestive organs. If you do not have all the components, then you can make another tea with medicinal plants (for example, with rosehip extract), it will be much more useful than one water.
Arriving home from the bath and feeling very thirsty, rinse your mouth first (preferably with tea). After 15-20 minutes, drink no more than 150-200 ml of liquid in slow sips. After 2-3 hours, if the thirst has not stopped, drink another glass. Instead of tea you can drink mineral water, bread kvass, vegetable juice.
Based on the book Universal Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants.
Putyrsky I., Prokhorov V.