stocks, preparing bees for winter and honey collection.
An apiary is a production unit of a bee farm or beekeeping farm, an apiary territory where beehives with bee families are located, apiary buildings and beekeeping facilities. In conditions of industrial beekeeping, a bee farm consists of individual apiaries:
Central, where there is a common winter house for bees.
Industrial premises for mechanized pumping of honey and processing of wax materials.
Sometimes a beekeeper’s housing.
Several other time points located 3-5 km from one another.
Good access roads, the availability of drinking springs, as well as the microclimate inherent in the natural habitat of bees are of great importance. The apiary is located near the honey plants, on a dry flat place with a slight slope for the flow of melt and rainwater, well protected from the prevailing winds and the sun by trees, shrubs.
Apiaries cannot be placed near large rivers and lakes, especially if there are honey plants on the opposite side of the river or lake. Apiaries should not be located near roads, livestock yards, public places, enterprises processing sugary substances, as well as on flights (in places where bees fly other apiaries on the way to the honey plants).
Beehives in an apiary are placed at the rate of 20-40 m2 per bee family. They are arranged in rows in a checkerboard pattern – at a distance of 6 meters from one another and at least 4 meters between the rows, or groups of 3-5 beehives, or in pairs, but letches in different directions. Install hives on pedestals or pegs with a slight slope forward, so that rain water does not flow into the summers.
Inspection Technique for Bee Families.
Inspection of bees in cold weather.
Bee Flight Observations.
The first spring inspection of bees.
Correction of noticed flaws.
Correction of motherless families.
Cleaning the bottoms.
Warming of nests and beehives.
Providing bees with fodder stock.
The value of plentiful honey reserves.
Distribution of spare honey frames to families.
Providing bees with bee bread.
Feeding bees with honey and sugar.
The sugar and water content in the solution for the preparation of sugar syrup.
Watering bees, setting a drinking bowl.
Preparing bees for the winter.
Autumn revision of bee families.
Preparing for the wintering of weak families and spare queens.
The quantity and quality of winter feed.
Ways to winter bees.
Winter Bee Care.
Inspection of bees in winter.
Early Bee Overflights.
Early exhibition of bees.
Help for a family that has lost its uterus in winter.
Preparing bee families for honey collection.
The selection of honey from the hive.
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