The opportunity to get lost in the forest is very real. Any, the most harmless, walk in an unfamiliar area, and especially in the forest, can have sad consequences for a person who has got lost or has lagged behind a group.
Behavior and actions of a person lost or behind a group, organization of his search, the opportunity to get lost in the forest.
For example, a man went into the forest alone or with a companion and got lost, or he simply doubted that he was on the right path. If this did not happen very far from the settlements, then, first of all, you need to stop. Do not try to look for the road, running in different directions. You will only get even more tangled in the direction. Sit on a stump and mentally imagine the entire route traveled.
, He stepped aside from the path for a flower, a mushroom, decided to take an interesting picture, sat down for a moment to rest, lost in the fog, a snowstorm. The list of emerging situations can be continued indefinitely. But what happens afterwards often ends tragically. When trying to catch up with a group, the laggard can go the wrong way, deciding to cut the corner to go the wrong way, and so on and so forth. It would seem a trifle, an annoying oversight, and ultimately a drama or even a tragedy…
To avoid this, it is necessary to comply with several mandatory requirements that apply to the organization of the movement of the group. Tourists, climbers, people who find themselves accidentally in an extreme situation in an unfamiliar area and decide to go out to human housing on their own. The rules are as follows..
The group moves in a chain one after another, in no way randomly.
The first is the leading, most experienced member of the group or its leader. He chooses the road and determines the places for rest and overnight..
Behind the follower are the weakest, physically unprepared and sick. On them equals the speed of movement of the entire group.
The last one is the closure appointed by the leader from among the most physically strong and hardy participants. His duty is to prevent unauthorized failure of the participants in the movement or their sudden stop for the reasons listed above.
In case of stopping any of the group members, the closure must immediately inform the leader and stop the group.
When leaving the place of rest, the trailing person leaves last, having previously checked the number of members of the group who have left before him.
At the next halt, the leader and the closure check for the presence of group members and, in the absence of anyone, immediately organize their search.
Organization of the search for a lost or retarded group member.
When organizing a search for a stray or laggard, its participants should not go to search for the missing light and alone. If there is equipment in the group (group of tourists, climbers) in backpacks there should be a tent, sleeping accessories, products for 2-3 days, medicines. The search group first checks the route to the previous vacation destination, and if the missing tourist (s) are not found, the main group organizes a bivouac and a shuttle or spiral search for the missing. A small group should not be divided at all, especially in bad weather conditions and all should go together to search for the missing (s).
At the same time, for a lost person or one who has lagged behind a group, certain rules of conduct also exist..
Do not fuss and catching up with your comrades, do not go directly or cutting corners. If this happened in the winter, no matter how much the track was winding, no matter how much one wanted to shorten the path, one should never leave the track. The ski track, as well as the track, is the only thread connecting the lagging behind with the group. You can catch up with a group only if it is directly visible in an open area (in the steppe, on a safe slope of a mountain, light forest, etc.).
If there is more than one ski track, there are no traces, visibility is limited, groups cannot be seen or heard or bad weather (blizzard, sand tornado, heavy rainfall), rugged terrain, windbreak taiga, impenetrable swamp, or night has come (even if it is lunar), you must stay where you are behind the group. Sooner or later, the group will catch the missing person and organize a search.
With the continuous movement of the lost or lagging behind, his search is extremely difficult, and the danger of finally getting lost is too great. In the evening or at night, it is most reliable to light a fire in the immediate vicinity of a trail or ski track. The fire will provide warmth and will be a kind of signal beacon for the search group. In treeless areas, where there is nothing to make a fire, it is necessary to find reliable shelter from the weather, clearly visible from the side where the group went.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of Survival.
Chernysh I. V.