Since the dawn of humanity, we have always been hunters. Scientists have even hypothesized that our evolutionary pathways depend on our hunting behavior, as well as the behavior of the animals that we hunted or hunted. We did not hunt solely for sustenance, but also hunted tools (made of animal bones) and clothing (hair and skin were cured for this purpose).
During the first days, society was often divided into two: hunters and gatherers. Hunting parties are mostly men, while gatherers include pregnant women, the elderly and children who are too young to learn to hunt.
There is an ongoing debate about why hunting was a male-dominated field, but experts in paleoanthropology argue that this is because men have better competence in launching and spatial reasoning, in addition to having advanced dexterity and approach.
This does not mean that females of the species are often allowed to gather food, some of them join hunting fighters, while others still take up arms and serve as lookouts or sentinels for the other members of the tribe.
The eons pass and, as humanity slowly advances from stone tools to iron, their mastery of hunting also evolved as they learned that with the increase in population, they not only had to hunt effectively, but also I needed to hunt efficiently. The increase in population, as we all know, also means greater competition and more agile catches.
Since then, society has also evolved from tribes to towns and cities. Agriculture and livestock also became part of the set of skills inherent in humanity and are more sustainable, more profitable than hunting and gathering. Progress in the end has almost diminished the need of the modern human being to hunt animals for food. Why almost? To this day, several members of humanity still want to experience what our ancestors have experienced while hunting.
The game we hunt today may not be as big as the buffalo and buffalo of yesteryear, but the same skills and techniques are still applied, some of them have even modernized to adapt to the changing conditions of our planet.
Classical hunting techniques include capture, bait, shooting, reddening and stalking. All of these techniques work perfectly well in almost any condition, but they must meet certain conditions to be fully effective. These conditions include the season, the location and the main objective of the hunt. These three will have to be perfect, otherwise, the hunt will go south and you will end up with only one rabbit foot to put on the fender.
Government agencies have been established by location to monitor hunting activities and provide potential hunters with vital information such as the hunting species that prevail in the area, the location of hunting grounds and the rules to be followed during hunting. These informative meetings aim to address the conditions that must be met for a successful hunt. However, not everything can be provided in a brochure.
Solunar theory and hunting.
In the early twentieth century, an avid hunter named John Alden Knight gathered some hunting folklore that he heard or learned from his hunting trips and decided to refine the factors that were present in one or more of these tales. As his research progressed, he was able to reduce the factors to 33 and retained only the three major factors that had merit and a meaningful relationship to his theory.
The sun, the moon and the interaction of the tides were left and this is what Mr. Knight focused on. It is safe to assume that of the three, the sun had the least effect because its cycle is consistent throughout the year. The focal point of his investigation then moved to the movement of the tide. The increase in tides seems to be quite consistent after a time when the moon was involved.
Fishermen also used tidal movements to detect a large catch, but the tides are heavily influenced by the moon. The moon, on the other hand, provides sufficient evidence to consider that it is the best factor to determine the best time to hunt, but still lacks certain aspects.
It was at this point that Mr. Knight saw that the three factors, if considered against each other, did not influence the best time to hunt, but the sun, moon and tides worked together during the hunting season and this , with more research, proved to be precise enough to make a table that contained the phases of the moon, the times of sunrises, sunsets, moonrise and moon. This table is what is now popularly known as the Solunar Table. Solunar is an amalgam of the terms Sun (for the sun) and Lunar (for the moon).
This table is still used today, and research by scientists and hunting experts demonstrates the accuracy of Mr. Knight’s observations. Several software developers have also created different mobile applications that use GPS technology that increases the accuracy of the table and this helps new hunters determine the best time to hunt.
Why does it work?
Unlike the main predator, animals see time differently and base their movements or activities on this perception. Animals use their environment to determine when it is time to nap or if it is time to hunt or gather food. It is this behavior that led researchers like Mr. Knight to create the Solunar chart. The observations that stand out from the research is that animals (including fish) are more active during the solunar periods than at other times when they have been observed to have little or no activity.
The most commonly observed fact is that animals have a behavioral tendency to use the cover of darkness to move, and this is much more noticeable when the phase of the moon is almost correct, especially during a full moon or three quarters.
Fishing enthusiasts have always used the movement of the tide as a guide; Hunters, who do not care about the connection of the tides with the sun and the moon, focus on the sunrise and sunset, as well as on the moon. Most game fodder during this time and, like fish, use darkness to cover themselves and moonlight to move.
Using the solunar chart
First, in order to understand how to use a Solunar table, you must know how it is distributed and what information it contains. The online times tables come in monthly and weekly formats with basically the same information and some aggregated data, according to your preference and the service that the website or the application provides.
Most solunar tables contain the following information:
- Times for sunrise and sunset
- Times for the moon above and the moon below
- Times for the departure of the moon and the setting of the moon
- Indicators for peak periods.
The sunrise and sunset times can be obtained from other references, such as newspapers and weather websites. You may notice that we have listed the Moon-up and Moon Rise schedules; “Are not they the same?”, You could ask. No, they are not. The moon’s rise and the moon’s setting refer to the times when the moon rises above and below the horizon in much the same way as the sun does during dawn and dusk. Moon above and moon below, on the other hand, is the period of the day when the moon is directly on our feet or directly below our feet, as explained above.
Now, the Solunar chart is also classified into two periods based on the projected activity times. These are the longest solunar period and the shortest solunar period. Both the longest and the lowest solunar periods occur twice in a month. It is during these four periods that animal activity increases and the best hunting time is determined.
The main solunar periods last approximately two hours and, rarely, three. It is said that the longest solunar period occurs when the moon is above or directly below our feet (of course, on the other side of the globe). The Solunar table will indicate the estimated time for the peak of the longest period, which means that the hour that appears in any Solunar chart will be located around the middle of the two-hour period. For example, the main solunar period is listed at 10 pm, then the beginning will be around 9 pm and it is estimated that it will last until midnight.
It has been observed that fish and game animals during this time and hunters must settle at their hunting sites at least one hour before the start of the great solunar period to mask their scent and let their senses acclimate to the hunting environment. . Hunters who refer to the main periods often catch the biggest game, or if not the biggest, the best capture that those who set the Solunar table.
The minor solunar period, on the other hand, is a short period of activity that is related to the rising and setting of the moon. Smaller solunar periods often last for about an hour and, while the possibilities are considerably smaller, shorter periods remain a great opportunity to seize and hunt or fish. Like humans, some animals also like to take snacks and quick bites and often use shorter periods to do so.
Some applications, websites and tables often include a summer time indicator as well as feeding periods. These are aggregate data and often confuse the new beginner hunters and fishermen. It is much better to choose the Solunar chart that you can easily understand and use.
Now, before grabbing your Solunar table and your hunting equipment, there are still a couple of factors to consider that will greatly affect the outcome of your big game. While the Solunar chart is a great tool and the evidence has suggested its effectiveness and effectiveness, you should still consider the following:
- Weather – The moon, the sun and the tides are constant factors and almost never change their behavior. One thing that greatly affects the game we hunt is the weather. Sure, the table could say that 10:45 AM is the highest point of the month, but if it is in the middle of a snowstorm, it is safe to assume that the game will be difficult to detect and hunt. Verification with the local weather station or a mobile meteorological application will also help determine the best time to hunt at any location.
- Season – There may be a maximum of four seasons over a given year, but changing seasons also affect the behavior of the animals that we hunt. Some animals hibernate during the winter, while others migrate to another place because of heat. Although it is possible that the cold season does not prevent you from hunting, do not expect a hunting trip to be positive.
Consider the season too. Spring and autumn are the best hunting seasons for most hunters, while others prefer summer and then there are those who have specialized in game hunting during the winter.
- Location – Solunar tables help you determine when the game or fish will be present, but it will never tell you where they will be at any given time. Check with hunting clubs or local fishing shops to find out where the best places to fish or hunt will be. More often than not, they will also offer some tips and add some more folklore to the mix.
- Experience – Call it the sixth sense or whatever, but knowing your level of experience and the level of game you hunt will also be beneficial on any hunting trip. You can have the best arsenal when it comes to looking for weapons and tools, but this will not ensure you the best capture if 1. You do not know how to track / detect your game and if 2. You do not have the knowledge how to roll them in.
The best time to hunt is during the main periods in a Solunar chart. It is one of the most ignored and misunderstood hunting tools but, as the studies have shown, it is really the secret to determine when is the best time to hunt, regardless of where in the world it is, but never trust this table.
Consider the season, weather, location and your experience when planning a hunting trip. Remember, a well-trained hunter is an abundant hunter.
FISHING, HUNTING AND TRAPPING