Birch (Betula) – a genus of deciduous trees of the Birch family (Betulaceae), is widespread in the Northern Hemisphere, is one of the most common tree species and has more than 100 species. For medicinal purposes, in medicine, kidneys, leaves, birch sap and birch bark are widely used, tar and coal are obtained from its wood, birch fungus chaga, which forms growths on a tree trunk, is also popular.
Birch, the use of buds, bark and leaves of birch in the treatment of diseases, especially the preparation of medicinal infusions, decoctions and tinctures.
Birch buds are harvested in winter or early spring during their swelling, before the leaves bloom, then dried for 4-5 weeks at a moderate temperature. At high temperatures, the kidneys may lose some of their active substances, so using dryers is not recommended. Dried kidneys are stored in a dry place, they retain their healing properties for 2 years..
our site. Bath brooms are harvested when all the leaves on the tree have already blossomed.
Recipes for medicinal infusions, decoctions and tinctures from birch buds.
Infusions and decoctions of birch buds have choleretic, diaphoretic, blood-purifying, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and wound healing effects. Birch and its buds contain saponins, essential oil, ascorbic acid, volatile, bitterness, tannins, tar, sugar. With angina, traditional medicine advises you to chew birch buds slowly after eating. Alcohol tincture from birch buds heals wounds well, ulcers, abrasions and badly healing wounds are cleaned, used for colds, pain in the stomach and intestines, and hiccups.
|Decoction||1 teaspoon (5 g) of kidneys per 0.5 l. water||Pour boiling water and cook for 15 minutes, cool and strain.||The resulting broth has a strong diuretic effect..|
|Infusion||1 tablespoon (10 g) of kidneys per 0.2 l. water||Pour hot water and boil over low heat for 30 minutes, leave for 2 hours, strain.||Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day. Recommended for bronchitis, laryngitis, tracheitis as an expectorant and antiseptic..|
|Tincture||1 cup (250 g) of kidneys per 0.3 liters. 70% alcohol||Pour with alcohol and insist in a dark place until the mixture becomes dark brown, then strain.||Apply as lotions and local baths for wounds, burns, eczema. For baths, a solution of 5 tablespoons of tincture per 1 liter. water. For lotions dilute 1: 1.|
Recipes for medicinal decoctions and infusions from birch leaves.
Birch leaves contain essential oil, saponins, ascorbic acid, vitamin C, carotene, nicotinic acid, betuloretin acid (in the form of butyl ether), glucosides (hyperoside and spiracoside), tannins, triterpene alcohols, inositol, betulalbin resin, flavonoids.
Extracts and infusions of birch leaves are used for various liver diseases, they have anesthetic and antiemetic effect, improve the general condition, have a stimulating and calming effect. Dry and fresh steamed leaves are used as compresses for rheumatic diseases, as well as for burns and sweating feet..
|Decoction||1 tablespoon (10 g) of leaves per 0.5 l. water||Pour boiling water and boil for 20 minutes, cool and strain.||Drink during the day, recommended for atherosclerosis, kidney disease and rheumatism.|
|Infusion||100 g of young birch leaves per 0.5 l. water||Rinse, grind, pour boiling water and leave for 4 hours, strain.||Take 200 ml. 2-3 times a day with vitamin deficiency.|
|Infusion||1 teaspoon (5 g) of leaves per 0.25 liters. water||Pour boiling water and leave for 30 minutes, strain.||Take 100 ml. 2 times a day as a diuretic and diaphoretic.|
Contraindications: prolonged ingestion of infusions of birch leaves and buds can lead to irritation of the mucous membranes of the kidneys, since birch contains resinous substances.
The recipe for a medical infusion of birch bark and branches.
Birch bark contains triterpene alcohol (betulol), which protects the plant from the penetration of fungi and due to which it has a white color, glucosides (betuloside and gaulterin), saponins, bitter substance, protocatecholic, lilac, vanillic, oxybenzoic acid, catechins, leukoanthocyanins, tannins , tarry substances and a small amount of essential oil.
Birch bark is used in the treatment of diathesis, as well as wounds and ulcers. It prevents suppuration of the affected area of the skin. A decoction of a thin film lagging behind birch bark helps with coughing. The film is also applied to boils to draw pus..
|Infusion||300 g of birch branches with buds per 0.5 l of water||Grind, pour boiling water and insist 1 hour, strain.||Use with angina 200 ml. 3-4 times a day.|
Tar obtained from birch bark contains phenol, cresols, dioxibenzenes, guaiacol. It has bactericidal, antimicrobial, insecticidal and locally irritating properties. It is part of ointments that are used to treat skin diseases, wounds and pediculosis. In the old days, birch and birch tar were used in the treatment of patients with leprosy and scabies..
Chaga Birch Mushroom.
This parasitic fungus belongs to the tinder family, grows on the surface of the birch trunk and feeds on its juice. The mushroom has the appearance of solid growths of dark brown or black. Inside the mushroom is brown, the closer the pulp of the mushroom to the wood, the lighter it is. Chaga is widely used in folk medicine in the treatment of peptic ulcer, gastritis, cancer of the stomach, lungs and other internal organs.
It has been established that chaga enhances the body’s defensive reactions, activates the metabolism in brain tissues, reduces arterial and venous pressure, and has an anti-inflammatory effect not only with internal, but also with external use. Befungin is made from chaga and is used in the treatment of chronic gastritis and ulcers, and also as a symptomatic agent in the treatment of cancer patients..
Chaga mushroom is harvested throughout the year, but it is better to do this in spring and autumn, when birch is more active. Freshly cut growths are cut into pieces 3-6 cm in size and dried in a well-ventilated room or in an oven at a temperature of 60 degrees, spreading in a thin layer. Dried chaga stored in tightly closed glass containers for no more than 2 years.