Bonfire as a distress signal in an emergency, bonfires from trees, pyramidal bonfires, light and smoke signals by a bonfire.

Almost any signal repeated six times will be a distress signal. Depending on the situation, it can be six bonfires, six loud whistles, six shots, even six flashes of light. If sound signals or light signals are used by a bonfire, minute intervals are made between their series. 

Bonfire as a distress signal in an emergency, bonfires from trees, pyramidal bonfires, light and smoke signals by a bonfire.

Three bonfires are an international distress signal. Ideally, they should be located in the form of an equilateral triangle, at an equal distance from each other, which at the same time facilitates the supply of fuel. If this is not possible, then any configuration of their group arrangement will come down, provided that the bonfires are clearly separated from each other. However, if fuel is limited, or you are too seriously injured, or too weak from hunger to use three bonfires, use only one of your campfires.

 or a helicopter. Add them from a large amount of flammable soybean, kindling, so that bonfires quickly flare up. Great birch bark. You can use gasoline and other fuel as a kindling, but do not pour it directly on the fire. Use a piece of cloth as a wick, soak a rag with gasoline and put on a tinder, kindling. Do not set fire right away. Take the canister of gas to a safe distance and wait a few seconds before lighting the wick.

If the bonfire does not light up the first time, rake the kindling and make sure that there are no embers, sparks before adding gasoline. Keep a supply of green twigs, or fuel oil, or rubber nearby at hand, so you can get a lot of smoke quickly if necessary. When in the midst of vegetation or near trees, make an earthen rampart around each bonfire so that the fire does not spread. It makes no sense to make a bonfire between the trees, since there it will not be visible, the crown will block it. Lay bonfires in open places. If you are near a river or lake, make rafts on which you can make bonfires and anchor them or tie them securely in the right places.

Bonfires from trees for distress signals.

Freestanding trees are excellent signal bonfires. Make a bonfire between the branches. Use a lot of dry twigs, bird nests are a good kindling. Fire will ignite the crown and give a lot of smoke. If the tree is dead, set it on fire at the base. It will burn for a long time and will give you the opportunity to deal with other signals. Be very careful not to provoke a fire. In addition to the damage that it will cause, a forest fire will greatly increase the threat to your life..

Pyramidal bonfires for distress signals.

In a clean open area, make a tripod and on it a platform that will serve as a support for the fire. The platform will raise fuel from wet ground, and under it you can keep a supply of fuel. To keep the fuel of this pyramidal bonfire dry, cover it with branches of evergreens, such as conifers, they will also burn brightly and give a lot of smoke. Cover the whole bonfire (not burning, of course) with a bright cloth, if any. Such a coating will not only keep the fire fuel dry and ready for kindling, but will itself be clearly visible in daylight. When making a bonfire, remove the cover, it is possible to attract attention the first time.

Keep a close eye on the tripod so that the fuel remains dry enough for quick ignition, and that the fuel of such a signal fire is not used for other needs. Drive the ends of the legs into the ground so that a strong wind does not tip the tripod. The fire of a lit bonfire of this type can be seen for miles. In adverse conditions, a smaller bonfire can be made under a conical canopy or in a kind of small wigwam, and the signals can be kept under control with a bonfire. If you are located on a slope, add fuel to the side or top of the fire so that you do not block the light of the flame very much, although blinking can help draw other people’s attention to the fire.

Crash debris as a means of signaling and giving distress signals.

Fire a bonfire on a piece of metal from an airplane or other vehicle. It isolates the fuel from damp earth and, after heating, enhances convection, which makes the flame brighter, and if polished, it will also add brightness as a reflector. Three of these signals will be unmistakably recognized as a distress signal..

Smoke signals by bonfire..

In the daytime, smoke is a good signal, so have a good supply of smoky burning materials in full readiness for putting them in a bonfire. Choose this material so that the color of the smoke stands out against the surrounding background. Light smoke stands out against the background of dark earth or dark forest. It is formed by burning green grass, leaves, moss and fern. Any wet material will give a lot of smoke and good bonfire signals, and wet bedding, covers and car seat upholstery will smoke for a long time. At the same time it will drive insects away.

Dark smoke will be best seen against the backdrop of snow or desert sand. To obtain it, use rubber or fuel oil. If weather conditions press the smoke in layers to the ground, then make a bonfire larger to increase its heat. Thermal movement of air will raise the smoke to a sufficient height. Smoke not only helps the pilot of the rescue aircraft to notice you, but also indicates the direction of the wind near the ground. Make a bonfire so that the smoke goes away from the landing site and those signals that are laid out on the ground so that it does not block them.

Based on the book Complete Survival Guide for Extreme Situations, in the Wild, on Land and at Sea.
John Wiseman.

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