The term bonfire means all the equipment that is used on a trip to hang dishes over a fire to cook food on a fire or to dry things.
Bonfire facilities, cooking appliances on a campfire, arrangement of a hearth on a stretch and a taganka, a bonfire net with a cable, fire retention for long-term heating.
The most common and perhaps the most versatile type of hearth for cooking on a fire is two flyers with a crossbar lying on them. They are cut down from waste and fast-growing trees – aspen, alder. Flyers and the crossbar can also be made of dry wood. Sometimes flyers are prepared in advance before the trip, and then they simply carry with them from halt to halt.
Campfire cooking appliances.
For hanging buckets and pots over a fire, a thin (diameter of about 2 mm) metal cable is convenient, which is pulled between the trees. If its length is not enough, on the side where there is no flame, strong ropes or a paracord are tied. Buckets and bowlers hook on him with hooks and chains. By adding them, they regulate the height of the dishes over the fire.
You can use a rope (but not safety), stretched at a height of 2.5-3 meters above the fire. Chains with buckets cling to her with a carbine. If the bonfire is low, the rope will not burn.
The device of the center on a stretch between the trees.
If none of this exists, take care of the metal “flyers” that turn any strong sticks into racks for the crossbar. In order not to bother with racks and other things for a long time, other tourists prefer to have collapsible taganka, serving as a stand for buckets or bowlers at the stake. Then on the fire you can put any dishes with a flat bottom. Even without handles or arms, for example, a frying pan. At the same time, a small, “low” fire is enough. Its flame is less blown away by the wind and less firewood is required.
Taganka device for cooking at the stake.
You can use a bonfire net, a metal “hammock” (size (70-80) x (40-50) cm, weight – about 1 kg), stretched between the trees. It protects the grass from burning out and leaves no traces of a fire in nature. However, it is necessary to clean the earth under the net from fallen needles, dry foliage and other combustible material. Since he is able to set fire to a smoldering ember.
It is especially beneficial to use a bonfire net in snowy or humid places (in a swamp). There is no need to dig a deep, to the ground, hole in the snow or arrange flooring for a fire. Moisture does not leak under it and does not extinguish a fire in a fire.
Bonfire net with cable.
Fire retention for extended heating.
In order to keep the fire for long-term heating, you can fill the bucket or jar with well-dried mushrooms, tinder mushrooms or droppings of animals and light them. They can smolder and give heat for a long time. Near the bucket, you can heat up even in motion. When tinder fungus is used as fuel, such a bonfire does not smoke.
If you fill a bucket with warmed-up corners of a fire in which openings are made for air access, you can light them very quickly and heat up for a long time on such a fire. Smoke also does not give such a fire. In the absence of fuel, the bucket is filled with sand and gravel, watered with a mixture of gasoline and oil. Such a fire, if stirred occasionally, can burn for a long time..
Bonfires for adverse weather conditions.
In adverse weather conditions, any of the following types of bonfire can be used..
Equipped in a hillside, a steep river bank, a ravine and the like. It is necessary to dig a niche in the slope like a stove with a small pipe in the upper part of the rear wall of the niche with the passage to the surface of the fire. A fire is built in a niche (stove), which serves both for heating and for cooking on a fire.
A pit breaks out in the ground, the bottom of which is laid out with stones, and a fire is laid out on them. If possible, a bonfire is placed under an overhanging rock or thick tree crown. This bonfire is very convenient, since it does not require a large amount of firewood. At such a fire, you can cook food or boil water. After burning wood, the pit is closed with stakes, a thin layer of earth and grass to maintain heat.
From above it is easy to make a comfortable, warm bed for relaxing in the winter. If you put meat, roots or tubers on hot stones, then by morning the food will be ready. When equipping such a fire, one must take into account that firewood first burns well from above, and smolders, smokes from below, and the fire can go out due to poor air access. Therefore, it is necessary to dig another (narrow) hole nearby, connected by a channel with the first for air access.