An ordinary bonfire is able to breed almost everyone. But now we will talk about not quite ordinary bonfires, it’s a bonfire for long-term heating during the overnight stay of a tents in cold weather and a bonfire for delivering various signals, including distress.
Bonfire nodia for long-term heating, arrangement and kindling of a bonfire nodia of two and three logs.
For an overnight stay in cold weather, you need a bonfire that must burn for at least ten hours and all this time give off heat evenly, without fading or flaring up. Bonfire Nodia fully meets these requirements. For the construction of such a bonfire, it is necessary to dump a dry stand with a diameter of 35-40 cm. Better pine or cedar, spruce and fir are not suitable, since they shoot with sparks.
It is necessary to saw the trunk into two or three logs 2–2.5 meters long. If you build a bonfire with three logs, you need to take care of the pegs that will not allow the logs to roll. You need to start by stacking two logs, then hammer four pegs on the sides. A bonfire is lit on the stacked lower logs..
When the fire of the node flames up and sets fire to the logs, a third log must be placed on top of them. With such a bonfire, you are not afraid of any cold. To make the fire flare up faster, you can make axes on the logs.
Bonfire Three-Log Nodia.
Bonfire Two-Log Nodia.
From two logs a bonfire nodia is made almost as well. The only difference is that in the lower log you need to hollow the groove so that the upper one does not fall. You can also just squeeze a bit of wood from both logs to a flat surface. So that there is some distance between the logs for better burning, you need to put bars up to 3 cm thick on the ends of the lower log and the upper log is already on them.
A bonfire of a three-log nodia is made faster than a two-log nodia. If the logs are knotted, restrictive stakes can not be driven. The thicker the logs that you managed to find, the longer they will burn. For example, a bonfire from logs with a diameter of 8 cm and a length of half a meter will burn for about four hours. A small node can be quite enough for a summer vacation, but in winter you need to look for thicker logs.
Autumn-winter bonfire four-log nodia.
A bonfire of this type can also be composed of four logs. Such a node, of course, increases the heating time, and also gives a greater amount of heat released per unit time. Such a fire burns softly, without a large flame. Cooking on it is almost impossible, but you can sleep nearby even at a temperature of minus 25 degrees.
Smoke campfire for signaling, device and lighting a signal fire.
There are times when you need to give a signal, but nothing. The cartridges are over, the shot may not be heard, but you never know what happens. In this case, smoke can be emitted. It does not take much time to build a signal fire, everything is done in literally 10-20 minutes.
If there is nothing to chop good logs, just drag the brushwood and set it on fire. When the brushwood burns well, put on it a bunch of raw hay, fresh grass or leaves. Nalomaytelapnika, collect from it something resembling a fan and wave it, driving oxygen to the fire. Smoke will be enough to get noticed.
Smoke Signal Bonfire.
Fire for kindling.
An ideal kindling for any fire can be pitch. The butt part of the trunk of coniferous trees, especially pine trees, is sometimes completely saturated with resin. A lot of resin accumulates in the stumps of living trees felled by the wind, burnt stumps and cliffs on trunks. Thin resinous woods light up easily in the wettest weather.
Reliable kindling can serve as burnt stumps and generally charred wood. The charred layer for many years saves the wood from dampness and decay, and the stumps of burnt trees are also often resinous. An excellent kindling is dry birch. It is resistant to damp, but in the rain its upper layers are still wet, and it burns harder.
Based on the materials of the book “Fishing tackle and do-it-yourself hunting equipment. Production and repair “.