Bonfire of the type Pipe or Native American candle is intended for repeated use in the preparation and heating of food, heating and lighting of a shelter or the entire perimeter of the camp.
Bonfire Pipe or Native American candle, options and manufacturing methods, features of use in the field.
To make a fire like Pipe or Native American candle, you need to take a log with a diameter of 10 50 cm. Length 15-50 cm. Flat and without knots. For cooking, short and thick blanks are needed. For lighting and the torch, long and thin, such even a very burning torch can be held with your bare hand, illuminating your path. For heating the shelter – long and thick blanks.
birch tar is a lot of tar, so it smokes a little.
The log-blank for the Trumpet or Native American candle must be carefully chopped along in half. Is it necessary to cut out the core so that when folding the halves an inner channel (pipe) with a diameter of about 5-7 cm is formed. Then, fold both halves of the log and fix it, tie it with wire, tape, rope, so that there are no gaps between them seam.
Set the Pipe or Native American candle on stones, logs so that there is a small gap below for free air access to the fire – traction. Place the tinder (birch bark, splinter, paper) in the hole above so as not to block the draft. Ignite the tinder and push it with a branch into the pipe to the middle. The intensity of combustion is ensured by moving the fire in the pipe “up-down” or by blocking the access of air from below (add gaps to the ground, with snow).
Features of using a fire Trumpet or Native American candle for heating, lighting and cooking.
To heat a shelter or heat a small amount of food, fire must be left at the top of the Pipe or Native American candle. Then the fire will burn for a long time and with a weak flame. It is necessary to ensure the free exit of combustion products, smoke. For a complete cooking or lighting cycle, lower the fire down or light it from below. Bonfire Trumpet or Native American candle will burn faster and with a strong flame. Sufficient flame height of 10-15 cm.
For cooking in a pot (pan, jar) – you need to put several flat pebbles under the Indian candle so that there is a gap for smoke to escape. Or suspend it above the “pipe” with the help of two slings and a crossbar at a distance of 5-10 cm from the end. To maintain food hot or to reheat it after a while, as well as for heating, it is necessary to transfer the Pipe or Indian candle to smoldering mode. Block the air from below. If the fire Trumpet or the Indian candle is temporarily not needed, then it is extinguished by blocking the access of air both from below and above.
Bonfire Trumpet or Native American candle, manufacturing option.
In this embodiment of the manufacture of a fire Trumpet or Native American candle, coasters are no longer needed. The time of boiling water in the pot is a few minutes. A log can be reused. It is necessary to take a log and make cuts on one of its ends, with a depth of 10-20 cm, so that an “asterisk” is formed.
Stabilize the log with cuts up. For cooking and lighting – cuts need to do more. For economical combustion – cut less. Put the kindling and light in the center of cuts. When a combustion zone forms in the center of the Indian candle, it is advisable to add additional fuel, charcoal, cones, branches, wood chips there. This significantly extends the life and life of the Indian candle..
Based on the book “Survival beyond the threshold of civilization”.