Cages have been successfully used to catch birds. A range of the most varied, auto-acting self-propelled devices. Most often they catch grouse, black grouse and hazel grouse. The main idea of their device is that the bird attracted by the bait sits on a fake fulcrum and falls, carried away by its own weight, into the trap, from where it is no longer able to get out. The device of all these traps is very simple.
Saddles, cats, snouts, stupas, tynoks, buckets, bodies, baskets, boxes, birdcages, device.
Gardens by the principle of their action are similar to the well pits, but differ from the latter in that they are built exclusively on the ground or even above the ground (on trees) and are made from a completely different material.
Fake luggage for grouse fishing, device.
Fake luggage was used mainly for fishing black grouse. Installed them in the grain fields. To arrange false treasures, two rows of stakes are buried in the ground in the fall. Between the rows leave a gap a little more than 0.5 meters wide. The height of these stakes should be approximately 1.25-1.5 meters. Stakes from the sides are clogged with straw, which, moreover, is tumbling to them..
The upper span between the stakes is closed with sheaves, which are arranged in pairs with ears towards. The sheaves are firmly tied to the stakes so that the sheaves are held in a horizontal position. Black grouses arrive and sit on fresh sheaves. Under the weight of the birds, the sheaf bends, and the black grouse fall into the trap. From the chamber where the bird fell, she already cannot get out.
Cats, muzzles, stupas, cods, buckets, bodies, cages, baskets, boxes, birdcages, device.
Other devices of this type such as cages (cats, faces, stupas, tynok, buckets, bodies, cages) are arranged in different ways from stakes on the ground. Finally, traps are arranged in approximately the same way, which are distinguished by somewhat smaller sizes that are installed on trees (baskets, boxes, cages). Let us dwell on some features of the device of certain types of cages.
a point sharpened from above designed to constrain the movements of birds trapped in the chamber.
Grouse for grouse fishing, device.
The tynok consists of stakes up to one and a half meters high, driven vertically into the ground in a circle with a diameter slightly more than a meter. An oat snivel is firmly tied to each stake for a stake, turning a whisk to the center of the circle. When the black grouse sits on a sheaf, the latter will bend and the bird will fall into a cage from stakes, from where it will not be able to fly.
Kosh for catching birds, device.
Kosh is a cage made of twigs in the form of a truncated cone, placed on the ground with its base. The cage is woven from rods with a diameter of 2.5-3 cm. These rods are attached to two hoops, of which the top reaches 1 meter in diameter. Lower – a little less than one and a half meters. The length of the rods exceeds two meters, and the gaps between them leave such that only the bird’s head passes through them.
These rods are also fastened in the middle, so that the bird could not move them apart. Crosswise fastened planks are placed in the upper opening of the basket. The ends of one longer bar are planed cylindrically and inserted as the axis of rotation into the holes drilled in the upper hoop. Bunches of oats are attached to the ends of the short bar, picking them by weight so that the cross is balanced in a horizontal position.
Sometimes a funnel-shaped cone is inserted into the upper hoop, which does not reach the ground by about 75 cm. The bottom hoop gags firmly attached to the ground. In some cases, kosh is made from stakes driven into the ground. That is, they weave a cage, in everything similar to that described, but without a bottom, which replaces the earth.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Rudenko F.A., Semashko V.Yu., Cherenkov S.E., Matyunin M.M..