First, we define the terminology used. In tourist and expeditionary practice, a halt means a short stop to rest, clarify orientation, provide assistance and the like. This is not a full camp organization.
Camp setting, basic requirements for a place for organizing a camp on a hiking trip.
The time and frequency of organizing halts depends on the complexity of the route, the state of the group, the degree of urgency of the tasks assigned to the group. Tourist groups usually practice stopping for 5-10 minutes after 30-50 minutes of movement. This is the so-called small halt. Large lunch break lasts up to 2-3 hours.
, tsunami and other things. In the tundra and desert, except for military aircraft, there is nothing special to fall. But in our latitudes, be extremely attentive to tilted trees and broken broken branches.
Of particular danger are broken trees that have not fallen, but leaning on neighboring trees, no one knows when and under what gust of wind their balance will be disturbed. Therefore, if you urgently need to get up in this place and other options for some reason are not suitable, it is better to bring down such structures in advance. The selected location should provide protection against wind and midges. Here, however, it is interesting to note that fulfilling BOTH of these requirements at the same time will be very difficult, since it is the purge of the area that reliably frees it from bloodsucking.
Open to all winds, a camp set up in an open field can forget about insects. But, hiding from atmospheric currents in the forest, prepare a repellent. On a hill, the absence of annoying ringing above the ear will be more than compensated by the popping of the tent tent under powerful gusts of wind. In a ravine or lowland, you may not feel a slight breath, but it is in such places that standing puddles and swamps are usually formed, a favorite habitat of mosquitoes. In a word, here, as in many other situations of choice encountered in life, you have to look for a middle ground. Do not despair, not you first, and not you last.
The main external resources consumed by the camp, this water supply and firewood. And if the availability of water, as a rule, can be estimated briefly and simply it is either there or it is not, then the firewood should be the greater, the greater the number of camps expected and the longer it should function. From the point of view of the availability of water (and not only), parking on the banks of a river or lake would be ideal. And if such an opportunity exists, then among other options they prefer to use it. But the search engine differs from the tourist in that he does not choose the area, but she chooses it.
Therefore, if you have to work in an area remote from large bodies of water, then at the stage of exploration, you should determine how to provide the camp with water. The choice in this case remains not very rich, you will have to rely only on streams, springs and wells. I don’t advise collecting water from random pools, like a hero of a famous fairy tale, becoming a kid. Firewood, as one friend of mine said, does not happen much. Moreover, they will be required not only as fuel, but also as building material.
Therefore, it is best if there are several large dead trees, preferably conifers, in the vicinity of the camp. By the way, no matter how paradoxical it may seem at first glance, the preparation of firewood from a large tree is much simpler than from small ones. Once fallen dry, then for several days, as needed, sawn and pricked. This produces compact and, most importantly, dry logs. A trifle has to be collected throughout the surrounding forest, then drag an armful of branches through the undergrowth to the camp, and if before that the rain also passed, then maybe dry.
Do not stop close to cliffs and other relief elements from which you can fall. The danger of an avalanche, landslide or rockfall is typical for highlands. Therefore, signs of determining its probability are not considered here; quite a lot has been written about this in the literature on mountaineering and survival. But it is necessary to take into account the possibility of flooding the camp that spilled over due to heavy rains in our latitudes. By the way, it is for this reason that it is not recommended to stand on small, low river islands.
And, of course, you should always consider the possibility of a thunderstorm, especially in the mountains. I think everyone understands that a camp set up in an open field will be open not only to all winds, but also to all lightning. Therefore, if your plans do not include the repetition of the experiments of Lomonosov and Richmann, which ended tragically for the latter, then it is better to look for a parking lot in the forest. I emphasize IN THE FOREST, not a few lonely trees! Otherwise, the effect will be the opposite.!
We should not forget about the anthropogenic factor, that is, due to human activity. It is hardly reasonable to set up camp directly near the village. Unfortunately, indescribable boredom is growing in rural areas, and there is a good chance that local youth will come to have fun with you. If night catches you on a route near a village, and there is no way to continue driving for a long time, then you should go to bed before you pass the village, and not AFTER you have already been seen in it.
In this case, of course, the light and sound masking mode is introduced, yourcoster should not be visible from the village, and, of course, you will have to refrain from loud songs and conversations. Even more should be afraid of standing, especially walking around military units. Firstly, soldiers are often bored too now, they want to have fun. Secondly, remember that the sentry guarding the secret object (despite the general collapse, where some still remained) really want to prevent an attack on him and go on vacation for it. Draw your own conclusions.
It’s also not worth equipping a parking lot, especially a long-term camp near high-voltage lines, gas and oil pipelines, livestock farms, treatment facilities, oil rigs, busy highways, airfields, rocket launch complexes, nuclear power plants … This list is not exhaustive, so think with your head to each case. When placing for the night it is advisable to use the old parking lots.
Firstly, a ready-made bonfire is used in this case and thereby does not harm nature. Secondly, these places are, as a rule, already checked and satisfy all or at least most of the above requirements. The choice of a parking place is carried out before dawn, at least one hour before dark. And it usually takes almost the entire first daylight to set up a large base camp. This should be remembered and taken into account when planning a trip or expedition..
Based on materials from the book Stalker Handbook. Alphabet of survival.