In pharmacies, you can buy ready-made kits for a camping kit, but it is better if the camping kit is equipped independently, using the advice of a doctor, taking into account the specifics of the trip or travel, and the health status of its participants.
Camping kit. What medicines to take with you on the road. First Aid Kit.
The first-aid kit should have medicines for the treatment of colds, stomach upsets, headaches, cuts, bruises, light burns and scuffs. The first-aid kit must necessarily have a set of dressings and cotton wool, BF glue, iodine, zelenka, ammonia, anti-inflammatory ointments, ethyl alcohol. All liquid medicines should be in unbreakable small packaging. The first-aid kit is first packed in a solid container and then in a waterproof bag.
The following set of group first-aid kit in a two, three-day trip for 5-6 people is recommended:
individual packages 3 pcs.
sterile bandages (narrow and wide) 4 pcs.
thermometer 1 pc.
rubber tourniquet 1 pc.
safety pins 6 pcs.
scissors 1 pc.
tweezers 1 pc.
pipette 2 pcs.
sterile cotton wool 100 g
Vishnevsky ointment 50 g
medical alcohol 100 g
ammonia 25 g
5% iodine tincture
potassium permanganate 1 sachet
hydrogen peroxide 2 percent 100 g
valerian drops 1 bottle
Valocordin or Corvalol, Cordiamine, Validol in 1 bottle
tooth drops 1 bottle
naphthyzin 1 bottle
acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) 20 tablets
analgin 20 tablets
sulfamidezine (streptocid) 20 tablets
pipolfen 20 tablets
no-spa 1 bottle
amidopyrine 20 tablets
Besalol 20 tablets
10 cough tablets.
In addition, when setting off on a deliberately dangerous and difficult trip or trip, the first-aid kit must be additionally equipped with some medications for injection, you need to take them with you:
caffeine, which is used to increase pressure in shock and bleeding (1 ml of a 10 percent solution);
Promedol, which is used as a strong analgesic for injuries, burns, etc.
cytitone or lobelin, which is used to excite the respiratory center when struck by lightning, shock, during artificial respiration (inject 1 ml into the tongue);
analgin painkiller (50 percent solution is injected under the skin in an amount of 2 ml);
atropine is used for poisoning with red mushroom (1-2 ml is administered under the skin).
A brief description of the doses and effects of drugs on the human body.
Tincture of valerian and lily of the valley take 15-20 drops for pain in the heart 3-4 times a day.
Cordiamine 15-20 drops 2-3 times a day for heart failure, large traumatic injuries.
Validol 1 tablet 2-3 times a day for pain in the heart.
Corvalol take 20-30 drops with a rapid heartbeat, pain in the heart. Can be taken as a light sleeping pill.
Nitroglycerine (one tablet contains 0.5 mg of nitroglycerin) is easily absorbed by the oral mucosa. It is used for angina pectoris, with acute attacks of pain in the heart and behind the sternum. Keep in mouth until completely resorbed. Nitroglycerin acts stronger than validol, but also for a short time. Sometimes causes headaches. With low blood pressure, taking nitroglycerin is not recommended. Shelf life 2 years.
Analgin on a tablet 3-4 times a day with bruises, fractures and other injuries. At the time of injury, the patient is immediately given 2 tablets.
Amidopyrine with headache and toothache, as well as with traumatic injuries, 1 tablet 3-4 times a day as an antipyretic and analgesic.
Besalol 1 tablet 3-4 times a day for pain associated with food poisoning, painful menstruation.
Citramon 1 tablet for headache.
No-shpa 1 tablet 3 times a day for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Sulfadimezin and streptocide 2 tablets 3-4 times a day for catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, tonsillitis, as well as for extensive wounds.
Sulfadimethoxine (madribon). The drug is a long-acting. It is used for acute infectious diseases (pneumonia, tonsillitis, dysentery, etc.) 1 time per day. The first day is two grams, the second day is one gram, etc..
Palin with urinary tract infection (2 capsules 3 times a day).
Erythromycin with pneumonia, bronchitis (2-3 tablets 3 times a day).
Acetylsalicylic acid 1 tablet 3 times a day as an antipyretic.
Ingalipt aerosol with antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects. It is used for tonsillitis..
Polymexin M possesses antibacterial action in dysentery, enterocolitis.
Chloramphenicol possesses antibacterial effect in case of food poisoning, typhoid fever, tularemia. Apply 1 tablet 3-6 times a day.
Biseptolum 480 antibacterial drug that is used for tonsillitis, pneumonia and other diseases.
Cough tablets 1 tablet 3 times a day with cough.
Libexin when coughing, 1-2 tablets 3 times a day.
Pipolfen with urticaria after poisoning with berries or mushrooms.
Diphenhydramine with allergies of various origins, with edema (1-2 tablets 2 times a day).
Potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate). It is used to rinse the mouth, throat; aqueous solutions are used for washing wounds, for lubricating ulcerative burns and burn surfaces, for washing the stomach in case of poisoning. Shelf life is not limited..
5 percent iodine tincture. It is used externally as a disinfectant for abrasions, wounds. To rinse your mouth and throat, take 3 drops of iodine tincture per half a glass of a solution of drinking soda, table salt or food starch. Gargle up to six times a day. Shelf life 5 years.
Ammonia breathe in with loss of consciousness, fainting, bee sting.
Epsom salt, purgen, castor oil laxatives.
Menthol Oil, Sanorin, Naphthyzine instill 2-3 drops in the nose with a runny nose.
Synthomycin ointment (penicillin, tetracycline) external remedies for abrasions, wounds, burns, frostbite.
Sticky adhesive. It is used to fix the dressing. It can be put on a small abrasion, after sprinkling it with streptocide or tetracycline powder. Sticking on a wound for a long time is not recommended. Shelf life 4 years.
Drinking soda (sodium bicarbonate). It is used internally with increased acidity of gastric juice, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer. When changing 0.5-1 g 3 times a day. Long-term use is contraindicated. 1% and 2% solution is used to rinse the mouth, rinse the nose and eyes. Shelf life 10 years.
Activated carbon (carbene). Used as an adsorbent (absorber). 30 g is applied three times a day, as well as with bloating (flatulence). Shelf life is not limited..
All of these medications for internal use are taken 30 minutes before meals or an hour after it, with the exception of validol and nitroglycerin, which are taken immediately for acute pain in the heart, behind the sternum. Some preparations of the first-aid kit can be replaced or excluded at one’s own discretion.
For example, people of a young age are unlikely to need a first-aid kit in which there will be a lot of validol or nitroglycerin. As the shelf life of the drugs expires, they must be replaced with fresh ones. Most of these drugs are sold in pharmacies without prescriptions, others will have to be ordered by prescription. Before departure on a long journey, a first-aid kit must be checked. It is also advisable to consult with a doctor before the road.
How to take medicine.
Do not take medicine if the expiration date printed on the label has expired. Instead of good, there will only be harm to health. . If the medicine is prescribed before meals, then it should be taken 15 minutes before eating. And if after 15 minutes after eating. If an indication follows on an empty stomach, the medicine should be taken in the morning 20-40 minutes before breakfast.
This article has been moved from the old version of the site. It was relevant as of the end of the 90s, the beginning of the 2000s. Now medicine has advanced far and a first-aid kit can be equipped differently.