Camping knives can be folding, these are general purpose penknives and simple tourist, and with a fixed blade. The former also include single-blade knives and multi-tool knives. Each has his own requirements for a camping knife, but still, for tourism and camping purposes, it is advisable to have two knives.
One folding penknife universal, with several tools, and the second, a working knife with one fixed blade. Knives are now being produced with a large number of interchangeable tools, the number of which often exceeds ten. Before you buy such a knife, you should seriously think about the convenience of using such an extensive toolkit. The fact is that a large number of tools inevitably increases the size of the handle, which makes the entire knife as a whole inconvenient for work.
Camping knife requirements, knife selection, advantages and disadvantages of folding knives.
If files, pliers, saws of 2-3 types are included in the set of a folding knife, think about whether it is better to buy miniature analogues of these tools in an individual version. Multifunctional knives tend to suffer from low quality metal for tools. As a result, screwdrivers, files and other attachments, as a rule, deteriorate after 1-3 cases of use.
tools and at the same time quality, are quite expensive. Do not forget that even with such a universal knife you cannot simultaneously hold the workpiece with pliers and file it or screw the screw with a screwdriver built into the knife.
If you still liked such a knife, then pay attention to the fact that there is a ring on the handle, for which you can attach a chain or rope to the camping knife for attaching to trousers or a jacket.
Folding knives can also include knives with springs, which provide automatic opening or ejection of the blade. However, one should not forget that the clamps of such knives can be erased or spontaneously open, for example in a pocket, then an injury is almost inevitable when a fall occurs. The hard locks do not allow you to quickly open the knife when your hands are frozen or sweating, or wet from rain.
An on-duty drawback of folding knives is the lowered nose of the blade, which is specially made to give the handle a comfortable hand shape. If the blade is short, then with such a nose it inevitably strives to dig into a cut object.
Another drawback of folding knives is the small diameter of the axis on which the blade rotates. The small size of the axis leads to the fact that the blade usually soon starts to stagger. It becomes dangerous to work with such a knife.
Fixed blade knives, selection questions.
The most common in field and expeditionary practice were fixed-blade knives. The experience with such knives shows that you should not chase the maximum length of the blade. As a rule, a 14-18 cm camping knife is enough.
Knives with a fixed blade according to the principle of connecting the blade to the handle are divided into two groups: knives with shanks included in the handle and so-called integral knives, in which the blade does not taper at the entrance to the handle, but has the same width as the handle. The non-metallic part of the handle is made in the form of two pads glued or riveted to a wide extension of the blade.
For lovers of throwing knives, we make a reservation that you can train only on dried trees and not with knives with a handle riveted or glued in the form of two halves. Such pads during sharp blows, as a rule, fly off, and rivets fall out. Tourist knives with thin shanks, which go inside the handle, withstand large longitudinal loads. However, a thin shank can break off or destroy the handle under large lateral loads, i.e. perpendicular to the blade of the knife.
Before you buy a tourist knife, pay attention to the mandatory presence of a sheath. A leather or plastic scabbard is best for a camping knife. It is not advisable to use a sheath made of tarpaulin or leather substitutes, since a well-sharpened knife will cut them or pierce them.
The marching knife should be fixed in the sheath with a special clamp. Without this, you risk losing the knife, or it may fall out at the most inopportune moment and injure you.
How to avoid problems with the law when buying a knife.
Sometimes, wanting to surprise colleagues on a hike or expedition, beginners try to purchase special hunting knives or knives intended for special forces. Most often, such an aspiration is driven by unjustified cunning or, again, the desire to feel like a tough guy from an action movie.
The fact is that knives with especially curved blades are made specifically for hunting events skinning, skinning, gutting fish and the like, and are poorly designed for ordinary cutting operations. In addition, a hunting ticket is required for the official possession of a branded hunting knife. In his absence, the internal affairs officers have the full right to confiscate it from you, and as a result you will be left without the right tool.
Even more severe are the requirements for special combat knives, which are edged weapons. Even if you have the opportunity to purchase such a knife, think about whether you will create more problems with this knife for yourself and others than you will benefit. And remember the main thing, that the difference between a combat or hunting knife from a tourist knife is not only in the length and shape of the blade or handle, but sometimes in the hardness of steel. As a rule, tourist knives are supplied with special certificates or certificates stating that this knife is not a cold weapon and on what basis.
If there is no such certificate and you buy a knife in the store, ask what is written in the certificate. This document must be with the seller or merchandiser. In this case, it is advisable to ask for a photocopy of the certificate on which the store’s stamp should be.