Earlier, we talked about the basic algorithms of actions to provide assistance in road accidents. Now, let’s get acquainted with the rules for performing one of the most important resuscitation measures for victims of road accidents, testing breathing, heart rate and consciousness, as well as conducting indirect heart massage.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, indirect cardiac massage for victims of a traffic accident, road accident, methods of checking breathing, heart rate and consciousness.
So, you decided to help the victim before the doctors arrived. Then first of all, evaluate the scene. If, in order to ensure safety, it is necessary to move the injured person, it is important to know how to do it correctly in order to avoid aggravating his injuries and causing new.
no, that’s why doctors advise drivers to purchase this important gadget on their own. You need to move the person only from behind, putting your hands under the armpits of the victim and closing your palms on his chest, and put your back on your legs and drag it on yourself like on a stretcher.
Checking the patient’s breathing and pulse in an accident.
If, when moving the victim to a safe place, it turned out that he was unconscious, then first of all it is necessary to determine whether he has the main vital functions of the pulse breathing for 10-15 seconds. Doctors say that it’s wrong to check breathing on the basis of fogging mirrors, mobile phone screens, etc. You need to bend to the victim so that you can feel the air when you exhale. In this case, pay attention to whether the chest moves. The method is called to see, hear, feel..
And only check the pulse by probing the carotid artery on the neck. Keep in mind that the pulse is different depending on age, and with severe damage to the body, when a person is in a state of traumatic shock, it increases to 140 beats per minute and higher. If the victim is unconscious but breathing, do not leave him lying on his back. It is necessary to restore airway patency by turning it on its side. Having the skills to correctly perform this action, you can easily turn even a large person. And if breathing is difficult due to bleeding, vomiting or a foreign body, the victim’s head must also be thrown back slightly.
Algorithm of actions to reverse the victim in an accident.
1. The coup is more convenient to perform on your own. Based on this, lay in a straight line the distant limbs of the victim (arm and leg).
2. Bend the victim’s nearest hand at the elbow with the palm on the side of the shoulder, and bend the leg at the knee with the foot on the ground.
3. Leaning against the bent limbs of the victim, turn him on his side.
Indirect cardiac massage for road accident victim.
If the victim does not have a pulse and does not breathe, cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be urgently performed. The fact is that when the heart stops beating, the cells of the brain without oxygen begin to collapse rapidly. An ambulance may not always arrive quickly, so a heart massage will provide oxygen to the victim’s brain. If this is done by one person, priority is given to pressing rather than inhaling air. When providing emergency medical care on the road, an indirect massage is enough to start the heart. Moreover, to ensure personal safety, mouth-to-mouth breathing should be carried out only through a special mask.
Indirect heart massage action algorithm.
1. Kneel on the side of the victim. It is advisable to expose the chest.
2. Determine the correct location of their hands in the middle between the solar plexus and the victim’s neck and in the middle between the two halves of the chest.
3. Put one palm of your hand on the other, holding your fingers together in the lock. Position them perpendicular to the sternum. The emphasis is on the base of the palms, and the hands should be completely flat (not bent at the elbow joints).
4. Pressing the chest to perform using the weight of the upper part of your body. You need to press sharply, often and vertically.
When conducting indirect heart massage, it is important to correctly place your hands on the chest of the victim, otherwise you can break his ribs and pierce the lungs. The frequency is not less than 100 clicks per minute, and the depth is 5 cm in adults and 4 cm in adolescents. If the affected child is under one year old, start with two breaths (mouth to mouth). If this is not enough, do an indirect massage, it should be carried out with one hand and not with palms, but with two fingers (pressing 3 cm).
If you started resuscitation, don’t stop! Heart massage should be done until a person regains consciousness or begins to breathe on his own, or until the ambulance arrives. This can take a long time, so you should ask someone to change you when you get tired. Victims of road accidents often bleed. Therefore, no less important in providing emergency medical care is to stop it..
Based on the materials of the SAI Ukrainian Medical Center for Road Safety.